Bernhard Havestadt

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Bernhard Havestadt (b. at Cologne, 27 February 1714; died at Münster 1781) was a German Jesuit missionary in Chile.


He entered the Lower-Rhenish province of the order on 20 October 1732, and in 1746 went to Chile. He was one of the 102 German Jesuits in the Chilean mission between 1720-67. His 20 years in the country were spent mostly among the Araucanian Indians.


Chilidúgú, sive Res chilenses vel descriptio etc.

A gifted linguist, knowing nine languages, he took up the study of Chilidugu. In his opinion, it "towered over all other languages as the Andes over all other mountains". The result of these studies appeared in "Chilidugu, sive Res Chilenses, vel descriptio, status tum naturalis, tum civilis, cum moralis regni populique Chilensis, inserta suis, locis perfectæ ad Chilensem linguam manuductioni etc." (3 vols., Münster, 1777), written in Germany after the expulsion of the Jesuits from the Spanish colonies. It had been originally composed in Spanish, and was now issued in Latin. Besides a grammar and dictionary, it includes copious specimens of the native Chilean tongue, hymns, and valuable ethnographic notes, etc.

The work was re-issued in two volumes by the well-known student of American languages Dr. Julius Platzmann (de) (Leipzig, 1883), under its original title, "Chilidugu sive tractatus linguæ Chilensis" (see Zarncke, "Literar. Centralblatt", 1883, col. 693).


  •  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainHerbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Bernhard Havestadt". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton.  The entry cites:
    • Huonder, Deutsche Jesuitenmissionäre (Freiburg im Br., 1899), 133;
    • von Murr, journal (Nuremberg, 1776–90), I, 122 sqq.:
    • ____, Nachrichten aus verschiedenen Ländern der spanischen Amerika, II (Halle, 1810), 431 sqq.;
    • Adelung und Vater, Mithridates (Berlin, 1806–17), III, 2, 404;
    • Enrich, Hist. de la Comp. de Jésus en Chile, II (Barcelona, 1891), 213, 294, 352, and elsewhere;
    • Zwölf Missionsspredigten ... durch den Wolchrw. Herrn. Bernhardt Havestadt, chemaligen Missionarium aus der Gesell. Jesu (Cologne, 1778), which contains some bibliographical information.