||This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (August 2015) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
Bernhard Heiden (b. Frankfurt-am-Main, August 24, 1910; d. Bloomington, IN, April 30, 2000) was a German and American composer and music teacher, who studied under and was heavily influenced by Paul Hindemith. Bernhard Heiden, the son of Ernst Levi and Martha (Heiden-Heimer) was originally named Bernhard Levi, but he later changed his name.
Heiden was born in Frankfurt-am-Main in Germany and quickly became interested in music, composing his first pieces when he was six. When he began formal music lessons he learned music theory in addition to three instruments, piano, clarinet, and violin. Heiden entered the Hochschule für Musik in Berlin in 1929 at the age of nineteen and studied music composition under Paul Hindemith, the leading German composer of his day. His last year at the Hochschule brought him the Mendelssohn Prize in Composition.
In 1934 Heiden married Cola de Joncheere, a former student at the Hochschule that had been in his class, and in 1935 they emigrated to Detroit to leave Nazi Germany. Heiden taught at the Art Center Music School for eight years; during his teaching career he conducted the Detroit Chamber Orchestra in addition to giving piano, harpsichord, and general chamber music recitals. After having been naturalized as a United States citizen in 1941 he entered the army in 1943 to become an Assistant Bandmaster of the 445th Army Service Band, for whom he made over 100 arrangements. After the close of World War II Heiden entered Cornell University and received his M.A. two years later. He then joined the staff of the Indiana University School of Music, where he served as chair of the composition department until 1974. He remained composing music up until his death at the age of 89 in 2000.
Heiden's music is described by Nicolas Slonimsky, another composer, as "neoclassical in its formal structure, and strongly polyphonic in texture; it is distinguished also by its impeccable formal balance and effective instrumentation." Much of Heiden's music is for either wind or string chamber groups or solo instruments with piano, though he also wrote two symphonies, an opera ("The Darkened City"), a ballet ("Dreamers on a Slack Wire"), and vocal and incidental music for poetry and several of Shakespeare's plays.
His notable students include Donald Erb and Frederick A. Fox. See: List of music students by teacher: G to J#Bernhard Heiden.
- Sonata for alto saxophone and piano (1937) - premiered by Larry Teal on 8 April 1937
- Sonata for viola and piano (1959)
- Quintet for French horn and string quartet (1952) - written for horn player John Barrows
- Diversion for alto saxophone and band (1943) - Composer also reduced it for alto saxophone and piano (1984)
- Fantasia Concertante for alto saxophone and band
- Five Short Pieces for flute
- Intrada for woodwind quintet and Alto Saxophone (1970) <CD: Cadenza 800 920 DDD (Bayer-Records, 1999)>
- Voyage for band (1991)
- Serenade for bassoon, violin, viola, and cello
- Clarinet trio (two B♭ clarinets and one bass clarinet)
- Quintet for clarinet and strings (1955)
- Solo for alto saxophone and piano (1969) – written for Eugene Rousseau
- Sonata for horn and piano
- Variations on “Liliburlero” for cello
- Sonatina for flute
- Sonata for Piano, Four Hands (1946)
- The Darkened City (with libretto by Robert G. Kelly)(1962)
- Dreamers on a Slack Wire (ballet)(1953)
- Sonata for Cello and Piano
- Euphorion: Scene for Orchestra (1949)
- Concerto for Piano, Violin, Violincello and Orchestra (1956)
- Concertino for String Orchestra (1967)
- Concerto for Violincello and Orchestra (1967)
- Concerto for Horn and Orchestra (1969)
- Concerto for Tuba and Orchestra (1976)
- Partita for Orchestra (1970)
- Solo for Alto Saxophone and Piano (1969) <CD: Cadenza 800 920 DDD (Bayer-Records, 1999)>
- Prelude, Theme and Variations for Alto Recorder (1994) <CD: Cadenza 800 920 DDD (Bayer-Records, 1999)>
- Preludes for Flute, Double Bass and Harp (1988)<CD: Cadenza 800 920 DDD (Bayer-Records, 1999)>
- Kozinn, Allan (14 May 2000). "Bernhard Heiden, 89, Composer And Indiana University Professor". The New York Times. New York. Retrieved 2 September 2015.
- "Biography of composer Bernhard Heiden (August 24, 1910 - April 30, 2000)". compositiontoday.com. 18 September 2000. Retrieved 2 September 2015.
As quoted from the printed program of his Memorial Concert Indiana University School of Music - Auer Hall Bloomington, Indiana
- Hinson, Maurice; Roberts, Wesley (2006). The Piano in Chamber Ensemble: An Annotated Guide at Google Books. Indiana University Press. page 133. ISBN 0-253-34696-7.