Bernhard Horwitz

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Bernhard Horwitz (ca. 1860).jpg

Bernhard Horwitz (1807 in Neustrelitz – 1885) was a German chess master and chess writer.

Horwitz was born in Neustrelitz, and went to school in Berlin, where he studied art. From 1837 to 1843, he was part of a group of German chess players known as "The Pleiades".

He moved to London in 1845. In 1846, he lost a match against visiting master Lionel Kieseritzky, and another against Howard Staunton, losing 15.5-8.5. His best chess result was winning a match against Henry Bird in 1851. He played in the first international chess tournament, London 1851, again beating Bird in the first round, but losing to Staunton in the second and József Szén in the third.

Horwitz's Chess Studies (1851), co-authored with Josef Kling, is an important work on the endgame study and endgames in general.

"Horwitz bishops", a configuration in which two bishops are aggressively placed on adjacent diagonals, are named after Horwitz.


  • Hooper, David; Whyld, Kenneth (1992), The Oxford Companion to Chess (2nd ed.), Oxford University Press, ISBN 0-19-280049-3
  • Jacobs, Joseph; Porter, A. (1901–1906), "Horwitz, Bernard", in Singer, Isidore (ed.), Jewish Encyclopedia, 6, p. 472

External links[edit]