Bernhard II, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen

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Bernhard II
Duke of Saxe-Meiningen
Portrait of Bernhard II, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen in the ceremonial robes of the Order of the Garter
Duke of Saxe-Meiningen
Reign 1803–1866
Predecessor Georg I
Successor Georg II
Regent The Dowager Duchess
Born (1800-12-17)17 December 1800
Died 3 December 1882(1882-12-03) (aged 81)
Spouse Marie Fredericka of Hesse-Kassel
Issue Georg II
Augusta, Princess Moritz of Saxe-Altenburg
Full name
Bernhard II Erich Freund
House Saxe-Meiningen
Father Georg I, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen
Mother Luise Eleonore of Hohenlohe-Langenburg
Religion Lutheranism

Bernhard II Erich Freund, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen (17 December 1800, in Meiningen – 3 December 1882, in Meiningen) was a Duke of Saxe-Meiningen.


He was the only son of Georg I Frederick Karl, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen and Luise Eleonore of Hohenlohe-Langenburg. Bernhard was a younger brother of Queen Adelaide of the United Kingdom and Ida, Princess Bernhard of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach.

Bernhard succeeded his father when he was only three years old (1803); because of this, his mother, the Dowager Duchess Luise Eleonore, acted as regent on behalf of her son until he reached adulthood, in 1821.


In Kassel on 23 March 1825, Bernhard II married Princess Marie Frederica of Hesse-Kassel (or Hesse-Cassel). They had two children:

Name Birth Death Notes
Georg II, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen 2 April 1826 25 June 1914 married (1) Princess Charlotte Frederica of Prussia; had issue (2) Princess Feodora of Hohenlohe-Langenburg; had issue (3) Ellen Franz; no issue
Augusta Luise Adelaide Karoline Ida 6 August 1843 11 November 1919 married Prince Moritz of Saxe-Altenburg

On 12 November 1826, after the redistribution of all the family territories after the death of the last Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg, Bernhard II received Hildburghausen and Saalfeld.

A very kind family man and proud of his House, Bernhard was a thoughtful husband and father, as long as they obeyed him. In the Austro-Prussian War, he made a decision to side with the Habsburgs. When the Habsburgs lost the War, it cost Bernhard the Duchy. On 20 September 1866, Bernhard was forced to abdicate all his territories to his only son, Georg. He spent the rest of his days as a private citizen.


See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Bernhard II, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen
Cadet branch of the House of Wettin
Born: 17 December 1800 Died: 3 December 1882
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Georg I
Duke of Saxe-Meiningen
Succeeded by
Georg II