Bernice Sandler

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Bernice Resnick Sandler (born 1928)[1] is an American women's rights activist. Instrumental in the creation of Title IX, a portion of the Education Amendments of 1972, she was called "the godmother of Title IX" by the New York Times.[2] She has written extensively about sexual and peer harassment towards women on campus, coining the terms "gang rape" and "the chilly campus climate".[2][3] She was inducted into the Maryland Women's Hall of Fame in 2010, and the National Women's Hall of Fame in 2013.[3][4] Some of her papers are held in the Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America, at Radcliffe Institute, Harvard University.[5][6]


  • Student-to-Student Sexual Harassment K-12: Strategies and Solutions for Educators to Use in the Classroom, School, and Community, with Harriet M. Stonehill (2005). Rowman & Littlefield Education, ISBN 1578862612
  • "10 Ways Expert Witnesses Can be Used in Sex Discrimination and Sexual Harassment Cases" (1997)
  • Sexual Harassment on Campus: A Guide for Administrators, Faculty and Students, editor with Robert J. Shoop (1996). Allyn and Bacon, ISBN 0205167128.
  • The Chilly Classroom Climate: A Guide to Improve the Education of Women, with others (1996). National Assn. for Women in Education.
  • Educator's guide to controlling sexual harassment, with Michele Antoinette Paludi (1993). Thompson Pub. Group.
  • Success and survival strategies for women faculty members (1992). Association of American Colleges.
  • Teaching faculty members to be better teachers : a guide to equitable and effective classroom techniques, with Ellen Hoffman (1992). Association of American Colleges.

In Film[edit]

Sandler and her role in implementing Title IX is highlighted in the documentary film Rise of the Wahine, directed by Dean Kaneshiro.[7]


Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]