Bernie Silver

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Bernie Silver
Born
Bernard Silver

December 1922
Hackney, London, England
Died2002
Westminster, London, England
NationalityBritish
Other namesKing of Soho
Spouse(s)Joyce
ChildrenGerard (Son)
Conviction(s)Murder

Bernard "Bernie" Silver[1] (December 1922 – 2002) was an English criminal, who was a leading crime boss in the London underworld of the 1950s to 1970s. Active in prostitution, pornography and racketeering, Silver was described as "a working-class East Ender with a taste for fine restaurants and flashy clothes."[2]

History[edit]

Silver was born in Hackney, London,[3]into a Jewish family to Emily V (née Saunders) and Louis Silver,[4][5][6] and had three younger brothers: Raymond, Dennis and Ronald.[7]

Silver's rise to prominence began in the mid 1950s with the absorption of the remnants of the Messina Brothers prostitution operation into what came to be known as "The Syndicate",[8] a criminal organisation headed principally by Silver and former Maltese traffic policeman "Big Frank" Mifsud who worked in olive oil importation when he first came to London.[9][10][11] In 1956, Silver was arrested and charged for living off immoral earnings but was inexplicably let off by the judge who decided there was no case to answer. Starting off with one stripclub in Bower Street, by the late 60's the duo controlled 19 of the 24 stripclubs in Soho.[4]

During the heyday of the Syndicate (1967–1972), most of the Metropolitan Police Obscene Publications Squad were in its pay, including the squad's head, Detective Chief Superintendent Bill Moody.[12]

Silver's influence began to wane as the 1970s wore on, a decline prompted by major investigations into police corruption that by the end of 1972 had led to the resignation of eighty detectives.[13] The discovery of a detailed ledger of the Syndicate's police payoffs during a raid on the home of Silver's associate Jimmy Humphreys led to the dismissal or forced retirement of hundreds of Metropolitan Police officers;[14] corruption trials in 1976–77 resulted in thirteen detectives—including two ex-Commanders, the highest-ranking British police officers ever to be convicted of corruption—being sentenced to a total of 90 years in prison.[12]

In 1973, Silver was again arrested and charged for living off immoral earnings for renting out a room above one of their stripclubs to dancers who also worked as prostitutes. He was sentenced to 6 years in prison, with Mifsud going on the run before getting caught in Switzerland and deported back to England. However, Mifsud appealed and got his sentenced quashed and he then returned to his native Malta.[4]

Silver was convicted on 8 July 1975 of 25 June 1956 murder of Tommy "Scarface" Smithson.[1][15] He was sentenced to life imprisonment for murder and to ten years imprisonment for conspiracy to murder, but later cleared on appeal.[16] Smithson was a former boxer and navy merchant stoker who had been attempting to control prostitution in Soho.[17]

The film character Lew Vogel in the film The Bank Job is based on Bernie Silver.

Silver's later activities and death in 2002 remain unreported. However, he was a director of "JOEL Limited" from 1992 and re-located from London to Home Farm in Newton, Rugby with his wife Joyce and son Gerard.[18] He died in Westminster, London.[19]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "SILVER, Bernard and others: incitement to murder Thomas SMITHSON on 25 June 1956 in... | The National Archives". Government of the United Kingdom. Retrieved 8 January 2017.
  2. ^ Paul Willetts, Members Only: The Life and Times of Paul Raymond, Profile, 2010, p.182.
  3. ^ "findmypast.co.uk". search.findmypast.co.uk. Retrieved 8 January 2017.
  4. ^ a b c Yates, N. (2011). Love Now, Pay Later?: Sex and Religion in the Fifties and Sixties. SPCK Publishing. ISBN 9780281065448. Retrieved 8 January 2017.
  5. ^ https://search.findmypast.co.uk/results/world-records/england-and-wales-marriages-1837-2005?firstname=louis%20&lastname=silver&eventyear=1922&eventyear_offset=0&county=london
  6. ^ https://search.findmypast.co.uk/results/world-records/england-and-wales-marriages-1837-2005?eventyear=1922&eventyear_offset=0&spouse1forename=louis%20&spouse1forename_variants=true&spouse1surname=silver&county=london
  7. ^ "findmypast.co.uk". search.findmypast.co.uk. Retrieved 8 January 2017.
  8. ^ Thomas, Donald (2008). Villains' Paradise: a History of Britain's Underworld. Pegasus Books. p. 282. ISBN 978-1-933648-17-0.
  9. ^ "From gin craze to twin Krays » 6 Jun 2003 » The Spectator Archive". The Spectator. Retrieved 8 January 2017.
  10. ^ Allied Newspapers Ltd. "Gangster Big Frank to take paternity test". The Times. Malta. Retrieved 8 January 2017.
  11. ^ Stewart, Graham (29 September 2010). "The red-light revelations of Gino & Co". The Times. Retrieved 27 November 2010.
  12. ^ a b Muir, Andrew (4 July 1994). "Jimmy and Rusty: It was a small event at Southwark and it ended in small jail sentences. But Jimmy Humphreys in better days (right) was a Caesar of Soho, and his wife Rusty, an empress of vice. When they come out, how will they supplement their pensions?". The Independent. Retrieved 28 November 2010.
  13. ^ Fennel, Phil (1978). "Book Review: The Fall of Scotland Yard". Crime, Law and Social Change. 2 (3): 359–367. doi:10.1007/BF02741901.
  14. ^ Jenkins, P; G. Potter (1986). "Organized Crime in London: A Comparative Perspective". Corruption and Reform. 1 (3): 165–187. Archived from the original on 26 May 2011. Retrieved 28 November 2010.
  15. ^ "JustisOne". app.justis.com. Retrieved 8 January 2017.
  16. ^ "Obituaries: Cdr Bert Wickstead". The Telegraph. 24 March 2001. Retrieved 28 November 2010.
  17. ^ https://books.google.com/books?id=JaUDhjsMdcEC&lpg=PA282&ots=9VTn6wDFhq&dq=%22Bernie%20Silver%22%20soho&pg=PA282#v=onepage&q=silver&f=false[dead link]
  18. ^ Nexok Limited (8 January 2017). "JOEL Limited – Registration number 02278274 – Nexok". nexok.co.uk. Retrieved 8 January 2017.
  19. ^ "findmypast.co.uk". search.findmypast.co.uk. Retrieved 8 January 2017.

Further reading[edit]

Cox, Barry; John Shirley; Martin Short (1977). The Fall of Scotland Yard. Penguin Books. ISBN 0-14-052318-9.
Tomkinson, Martin (1982). Pornbrokers: Rise of the Soho Sex Barons. Virgin Books. ISBN 0-907080-41-3.
Wickstead, Bert (1985). Gangbuster. Futura Publications. ISBN 0-7088-2478-1.