Bersama abyssinica

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Winged bersama
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Geraniales
Family: Francoaceae
Genus: Bersama
B. abyssinica
Binomial name
Bersama abyssinica
     Countries of occurrence
  • Bersama schreberifolia
  • Bersama schweinfurthii
  • Bersama serrata
  • Bersama volkensii

Bersama abyssinica is a species of medium-sized evergreen tree in the Francoaceae family. The leaves are pinnately divided with a strongly winged rachis (hence the common name winged bersama).[1] The inflorescence is a spike.

This species is distributed across sub-Saharan Africa and includes two subspecies:[2]

  • B. abyssinica Fresen. subsp. abyssinica Fresen.
  • B. abyssinica Fresen. subsp. rosea (Hoyle) Mikkelsen[3]

The subspecies rosea is endemic to Tanzania, where it is considered vulnerable.[4]

Bersama abyssinica produces a hard, heavy wood that is used in the construction of houses in West Africa.[5]


  1. ^ "Bersama abyssinica Fresen". Flora of Zimbabwe. Retrieved 2007-12-03.
  2. ^ "Bersama abyssinica Fresen. subsp. abyssinica Fresen. [family MELIANTHACEAE]". Aluka. Archived from the original on 2013-08-01. Retrieved 2007-12-03.
  3. ^ Mikkelsen, K. S.; O. Seberg (2001). "Morphometric analysis of the Bersama abyssinica Fresen. complex (Melianthaceae) in East Africa". Plant Systematics and Evolution. 227 (3–4): 157–182. doi:10.1007/s006060170046.
  4. ^ Lovett, J. & Clarke, G.P. (1998) Bersama rosea. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Archived June 27, 2014, at the Wayback Machine Downloaded on 20 August 2007.
  5. ^ Heywood, V. H. (ed.) (1993). Flowering Plants of the World (2nd ed.). New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 191–192.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)

External links[edit]