Bersatu

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Bersatu
President Wan Kadir Che Man
Founded 1989
Dissolved mid-2000s[1]
Headquarters Kedah[citation needed]
Ideology Thai Malay ("Patani") separatism
Party flag
Flag of Pattani.svg

Bersatu (Malay for "Unity" or "Solidarity"[2]), also referred to as the Patani Malays People's Consultative Council (Malay: Majelis Permesyuaratan Rakyat Melayu Patani, MPRMP)[2] was an umbrella group of separatist organisations of the predominantly Muslim and Malay provinces of Southern Thailand ("Patani").[3]

History[edit]

Bersatu, which is the Malay word for "unity," was formed as an umbrella organisation in and attempt to unify all separatist groups operating against the Kingdom of Thailand.[3] It was established on 31 August 1989 by factions of the Barisan Revolusi Nasional Melayu Patani (BRN), the National Front for the Liberation of Pattani (BNPP), the Mujahideen Pattani Movement (BNP) and the PULO.[4] The core of BRN denies that it ever joined Bersatu.[3] Under the banner of "Bersatu", the PULO, New PULO (that had broken away in 1995) and BRN began coordinated attacks, using the codename "Falling Leaves," between August 1997 and January 1998, including bombing, incendiary and shooting, resulting in nine deaths, dozens of injured and substantial economic damage.[2][5]

It was reported that some of Bersatu's prominent leaders were arrested or killed during the years prior to 2004. The highly coordinated torching of 18 schools in January 2004 led some to suspect that the Bersatu groups were responsible.[6] In the mid-2000s however the coalition was disbanded. According to former president Wan Kadir Che Man, it was sidelined by younger, more radical Islamist fighters.[1]

Bersatu is not to be confused with Barisan Bersatu Mujahidin Patani (BBMP; "United Mujahideen Front of Pattani"), a radical breakaway from the BNPP, established in 1985, which follows a radically Islamist ideology.[3] The BBMP never was a part of Bersatu.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Red Light Jihad: Thailand’s new breed of Facebook jihadis". GlobalPost. 8 December 2014. 
  2. ^ a b c Peter Chalk (2008). The Malay-Muslim Insurgency in Southern Thailand: Understanding the Conflict's Evolving Dynamic. Rand. p. 8. 
  3. ^ a b c d Rohan Gunaratna & Arabinda Acharya , The Terrorist Threat from Thailand: Jihad Or Quest for Justice?
  4. ^ Thai News Agency, 31 August 2006. 20 insurgent bombs in Yala banks, killing 1, injuring 18 Archived 11 March 2007 at the Wayback Machine., MCOT (retrieved on 31 August 2006).
  5. ^ Liow, Joseph Chinyong. "The Security Situation in Southern Thailand: Toward an Understanding of Domestic and International Dimensions." Studies in Conflict & Terrorism. 27 (2004):531-48.
  6. ^ Smith, Anthony L. "Trouble in Thailand's Muslim South: Separatism, not Global Terrorism." Asia-Pacific Center for Security Studies, Vol. 3, No. 10, December 2004, p. 3. [1] (.pdf file)