William Robert Sutherland
May 10, 1936
Hastings, Nebraska, United States
|Died||February 18, 2020 (aged 83)|
|Known for||Computer Research Management|
|Awards||Legion of Merit|
|Doctoral advisor||Claude Shannon|
William Robert Sutherland (May 10, 1936 – February 18, 2020) was an American computer scientist who was the longtime manager of three prominent research laboratories, including Sun Microsystems Laboratories (1992–1998), the Systems Science Laboratory at Xerox PARC (1975–1981), and the Computer Science Division of Bolt, Beranek and Newman, Inc. which helped develop the ARPANET.
In these roles, Sutherland participated in the creation of the personal computer, the technology of advanced microprocessors, the Smalltalk programming language, the Java programming language and the Internet.
Unlike traditional corporate research managers, Sutherland added individuals from fields like psychology, cognitive science, and anthropology to enhance the work of his technology staff. He also directed his scientists to take their research, like the Xerox Alto "personal" computer, outside of the laboratory to allow people to use it in a corporate setting and to observe their interaction with it.
In addition, Sutherland fostered a collaboration between the researchers at California Institute of Technology developing techniques of very large scale integrated circuits (VLSI) — his brother Ivan and Carver Mead — and Lynn Conway of his PARC staff. With PARC resources made available by Sutherland, Mead and Conway developed a textbook and university syllabus that helped expedite the development and distribution of a technology whose effect is now immeasurable.
Sutherland said that a research lab is primarily a teaching institution, "teaching whatever is new so that the new can become familiar, old, and used widely."
Sutherland was born in Hastings, Nebraska on May 10, 1936, to a father from New Zealand; his mother was from Scotland. The family moved to Wilmette, Illinois, then Scarsdale, New York, for his father's career. Bert Sutherland graduated from Scarsdale High School, then received his bachelor's degree in electrical engineering from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI), and his master's degree and Ph.D. from Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT); his thesis advisor was Claude Shannon. During his military service in the United States Navy, he was awarded the Legion of Merit as a Carrier ASW plane commander. He was the older brother of Ivan Sutherland. Bert Sutherland died on February 18, 2020, aged 83.
- Hiltzik, Michael. "2 Brothers' High-Tech History in California." Los Angeles Times, February 19, 2004.
- Sutherland, William R. "Bert", 10 Years of Impact: Technology, Products, and People: Foreword to 10th Anniversary Volume Archived March 15, 2004, at the Wayback Machine, Sun Microsystems, Inc.
- Kalte, Pamela and Nemeh, Katherine, "American Men & Women of Science: Q-S" Thomson/Gale, 2003
- Sutherland, Bert (February 21, 2020) [Interview took place on May 25, 2017]. "Oral History of Bert Sutherland" (Interview). Interviewed by David C. Brock and Bob Sproull. Computer History Museum, Mountain View, California: YouTube. Retrieved February 21, 2020.
- Computer History Museum [@ComputerHistory] (2020-02-19). "Today we salute Bert Sutherland, who passed away yesterday" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
- "复制粘贴 UI 之父、Java 和互联网创建者相继离世" (in Chinese). CNBeta.com. 21 February 2020. Retrieved 21 February 2020.