Berta Rosenbaum Golahny

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Berta Rosenbaum Golahny
Self Portrait with Parents, by Berta Rosenbaum Golahny, intaglio (etching and softground), 1949, 18" x 13".jpg
Self Portrait with Parents, 1949
Born(1925-02-07)7 February 1925
Died4 November 2005(2005-11-04) (aged 80)
NationalityAmerican
EducationCass Technical High School
Art Students League of New York
Art Institute of Chicago
University of Iowa
Known forPainting, printmaking, sculpture
Spouse(s)Yehuda Golahny

Berta Rosenbaum Golahny (February 7, 1925 – November 4, 2005) was an American painter, printmaker, and sculptor.

Biography[edit]

Golahny was born into a Jewish immigrant family in Detroit, Michigan. Her parents were Fannie Henkin Rosenbaum (1889–1953, b. in Belarus) and Gedaliah Rosenbaum (1889–1985, b. in Wlodova, Poland). As a child, Golahny began to draw while watching her father design wrought-iron pieces for the company he founded, Liberty Ironworks, some of whose ornamental gates and railings remain standing in Detroit.[1]

She was educated at Detroit’s Cass Technical High School and then in 1943-4 the Art Students League of New York, having received a National Scholarship. There, George Grosz encouraged her drawing and French artist Ossip Zadkine introduced her to sculpture.

Golahny (standing on stool) with high school classmates with whom she designed and painted a mural of the Four Freedoms for a Detroit storefront, 1943
Golahny and her sculpture Sheba
Photo of 1943-1944 sculpture class of Ossip Zadkine at the Art Students League of NYC; Zadkine is in middle, with tie; Golahny is in middle row, third from left, with long hair

Golahny continued her studies at the Art Institute of Chicago. After receiving her Bachelor's in Fine Art from the Art Institute in 1947, Golahny completed her studies at the University of Iowa, from which she received a Master's in Fine Art in 1950. At Iowa, she studied printmaking under Mauricio Lasansky, art history under William S. Heckscher, and painting under Eugene Ludins. Her thesis painting, The Resurrection, was awarded the Painting Prize by juror Ben Shahn. In 1951, she was awarded a fellowship from The Louis Comfort Tiffany Foundation. While at Iowa, she married Yehuda Golahny, an engineering student in Detroit. When Yehuda began to pursue a Master’s of Science in Electrical Engineering at MIT (class of 1954), the couple moved to Cambridge, Massachusetts. After two years, they moved to Newton, Massachusetts, where they settled.[2]

Sinai Summit, by Golahny, woodcut, 1970s, 36" x 20"
Joy, by Golahny, oil on canvas, 1990, 12" x 12"
Purple and Ash, by Golahny, wood engraving, 15" x 14"

From 1959 to 2001, she taught at the Cambridge Center for Adult Education.[3] The Center now gives an annual award in her honor.[4] She exhibited in the US and other countries in several hundred juried and invitational shows, and was very well reviewed.[5] Today her work is held in private collections in America, France, and Israel, and in museums including the Fogg Art Museum at Harvard University, the Wichita Art Museum, the Williams College Art Museum, the Palmer Museum of Art at Penn State University, the Ackland Art Museum at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, and the E. J. Pratt Library at the University of Toronto.

Golahny used the traditional media of etching, wood engraving, and woodcut. She experimented with monotype, with different ways of biting the plate, and with electric tools to incise lines upon zinc and copper plates.[6]

Street Car Scene, by Golahny, oil on canvas, 1940s

Artists with whom Golahny found affinity include Max Beckmann, Paul Cézanne, Wassily Kandinsky, Paul Klee, Franz Marc, and Nicolas de Staël.

Golahny’s earliest work uses a darker palette and rougher line than her later work. This early work, such as Street Car Scene, reflects city life in Detroit, New York City, and Chicago: people on buses or trains, workers in factories, and children at play.

One series of works, begun around 1964 with a multi-block color woodcut, was titled Landscape of Man in the Nuclear Age.[7] The series continued in intaglio, painting, wood engraving, and copper engraving, and was completed in 1988. Golahny repeatedly portrayed human suffering, as in a series of works on the Holocaust.

Landscape of Man in the Nuclear Age #2, by Golahny, oil on canvas, 1984, 48" x 30"
Concentration Camp #1, by Golahny, oil on canvas, 1985, 30" x 24"

A visit to a Midwest state fair inspired an intaglio print of 1949 titled Children at the Fair: The Ride. Golahny reprised this composition of a whirligig (a central pole with carts swinging from it) in a 1987 woodcut and in several subsequent large paintings.

Inspired by publications on nebulae and black holes, Golahny began the Space series in 1980. In dozens of paintings she modeled her images on photographs of cosmic exploration in the archives of the Harvard College Observatory. She also painted evocative layerings of an imagined passage through space and time, and fantastic semi-formed creatures.[8] Art historian Alicia Faxon wrote of one of Golahny's paintings of the Crab Nebula, "Golahny's Crab Nebula . . . capture[s] the process of creation, a process that takes place both in the creation of the nebula and in the gestation of the painting itself. . . . In comparing Crab Nebula to the photographs that inspired the work, it is fascinating to see how much more vivid and complex the artist's interpretation is. The photographs appear static; the painting pulses with energy, embodying an endless universe in creation." [9]

Children at the Fair #2, by Golahny, oil painting, 1990, 60" x 40". The text is a quotation from Niels Bohr: "We are at the same time actors and spectators in the great drama of nature."
Crab Nebula #1, by Golahny, oil on canvas, 1980s, 30" x 36"
Being and Becoming #2, by Golahny, oil on canvas, 1990, 60" x 38"

The Being and Becoming series concerns the expansion of the universe since the Big Bang. Inspired by this series and other paintings, Boston-based musicians Paul and Rosalie DiCrescenzo wrote a four-movement score to accompany a slide-show of the images, titled The Watchers and the Watched. This was performed with support from the Massachusetts Council on the Arts in 1995. It was performed again at the Newton Free Library in December 2006 in commemoration of Golahny’s life and work.[10] Golahny died in November 2005.[11]

Her response to the World Trade Center attacks of September 11, 2001 was to paint two large canvases in a series called The Striving.

The Striving - 9/11 and History #2, by Golahny, oil on canvas, 2003, 60" x 32"

In Spring 2018, Lycoming College (Williamsport, PA) hosted a large exhibition of her work, titled "Berta Golahny: The Human Abstract."


References[edit]

  1. ^ All biographical information comes from Amy Golahny and Emily Kopley, Berta Golahny: The Human Abstract, 2018, an exhibition catalogue published to accompany show by the same name, which ran from February 2 to March 24, 2018, at Lycoming College, in Williamsport, PA. The catalogue is available online here: <https://www.academia.edu/36921464/Berta_Golahny_The_Human_Abstract>.
  2. ^ For information on Yehuda Golahny, see the obituary “Yehuda Golahny (1922-2017).” The Boston Globe 14 December 2017.
  3. ^ Ackerman, Jerry. "Suddenly, Monday Nights Without Berta as a Teacher Steps Aside." The Boston Globe 19 August 2001: WKC.1.
  4. ^ Hansen, Morgan. “Recap: Berta Golahny Awards at CCAE.” [Spring 2016.] <https://ccae.org/content/recap-berta-golahny-awards.> Accessed Jan. 3, 2018. See also, on the 2nd Annual Awards: <http://www.neighbormedia.org/news/recap-second-annual-berta-golahny-awards>. And on the 3rd Annual Awards: <https://ccae.org/content/recap-third-annual-berta-golahny-awards>.
  5. ^ See, for instance: Bernstein, Marjorie. “And on the Seventh Day She Exhibited.” Newton Tab 12 December 1979: 5; Judd, Donald. Complete Writings, 1959-1975: Gallery Reviews, Book reviews, Articles, Letters to the editor, Reports, Statements, Complaints. Press of the Nova Scotia College of Art and Design. 1975: p. 4; Faxon, Alicia. "Three Visions: Juliani Gallery, Massachusetts Bay Community College Wellesley Hills, MA, July–August 1987 (Selma Bromberg, Berta Golahny and Ellen Milan)." Women Artists News 12.4 (Fall/Winter 1987): 42. Midmarch Associates. 1987.
  6. ^ More on Golahny's printing can be found at <https://brierhillgallery.com/berta-r-golahny/>.
  7. ^ MacGibeny, Abigael. “States of Being: Berta R. Golahny’s Landscape of Man.” Woman’s Art Journal 39.2 (Fall/Winter 2018): 22-33.
  8. ^ Golahny, Berta. "How I Came To Paint The Crab Nebula: The Development Of Cosmic Themes In My Oil Paintings." Leonardo: International Quarterly of the Arts and Sciences 23.4 (1990): 363-365.
  9. ^ Faxon, Alicia. "Commentary on 'How I Came To Paint The Crab Nebula.'" Leonardo 24.1 (1991): 102-103.
  10. ^ '"Art/music presentation 'The Watchers and the Watched' at library." Newton Tab 13 December 2006.
  11. ^ Stickgold, Emma. "Berta Rosenbaum Golahny; taught art and also created it; at 80" [obituary]. The Boston Globe 7 November 2005: C5