The Bertoldo was a biweekly magazine of surreal humour that run from July 14, 1936 to 10 September, 1943 under Italian Fascism. The magazine was based in Milan. While the Becco Giallo magazine put out a courageous political satire against the fascist regime, the reactionary authors of the Bertoldo, like Marcello Marchesi, as well as thise of Marc'Aurelio, developed a kind of surreal humour that was accepted by the regime.
There were employee of the best young artists and writers. Among them, for example, popular author Giovannino Guareschi (1908—1968), and Romanian Jewish architect-student (later famous American cartoonist) Saul Steinberg (1914—1999). Giovannino Guareschi edited the magazine from 1936 to 1943.
- Roy P. Domenico; Mark Y. Hanley (1 January 2006). Encyclopedia of Modern Christian Politics. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 260. ISBN 978-0-313-32362-1. Retrieved 24 July 2015.
- Un Novecento da ridere di Alessandro Frigerio.
- Mario Monicelli in De Franceschi, Leonardo (2001) Lo sguardo eclettico: il cinema di Mario Monicelli, p.28
- Giovanni Mosca. Dizionario Biografico degli Italiani - Volume 77 (2012).
- Saul Steinberg's Italian Years (1933—1941) by Mario Tedeschini Lalli.