Bertram Windle

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Sir Bertram Windle
Bertram Windle.jpg
Professor Bertram C. A. Windle.
Bertram Coghill Alan Windle

(1858-05-08)8 May 1858
Died14 February 1929(1929-02-14) (aged 70)
CitizenshipUnited Kingdom
Alma materTrinity College
Scientific career
FieldsComparative anatomy

Sir Bertram Coghill Alan Windle, FRS, FSA, KSG (8 May 1858 – 14 February 1929) was a British anatomist, administrator, archaeologist, scientist, educationalist and writer.[1][2]


He was born at Mayfield Vicarage, in Staffordshire, where his father, the Reverend Samuel Allen Windle, a Church of England clergyman, was vicar.[3] He attended Trinity College, where he graduated B.A. in 1879. He also served as Librarian of the University Philosophical Society in the 1877–78 session.

In 1891 he was appointed dean of the medical faculty of Queen's College, Birmingham. Queen's College's medical faculty became the medical faculty of Mason Science College in the early 1890s, and then became the medical faculty of the University of Birmingham in 1900. Windle was professor of anatomy and anthropology and first Dean of the Medical Faculty at Birmingham University. In 1904 he accepted the presidency of Queen's College, Cork.[4]

Windle married twice, first in 1886 to Madoline Hudson, and in 1901 to Edith Mary Nazer. He died in 1929 aged 71.[5][6]

During his medical training days, Windle was an atheist. He later converted to Catholicism.[7] He was a critic of Darwinism and took influence from St. George Jackson Mivart.[7][8] Historian David N. Livingstone has noted that Windle favoured a Catholic version of neo-Lamarckism.[9]

Windle was a vitalist.[10] Historian Peter J. Bowler has written that Windle was "one of the few biologists to defend an outright vitalism."[11]


Windle was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1899.[12] In 1909, he was made a knight of St. Gregory the Great by Pius X. In 1912, he was made a Knight Bachelor and therefore granted the title sir.[13] He was knighted by King George V during a ceremony at Buckingham Palace on 6 March 1912.[14]


Selected articles


See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Windle, Bertram Coghill Alan". Who's Who. Vol. 59. 1907. pp. 1915–1916.
  2. ^ Carr, Henry (1929). "Sir Bertram Windle: The Man and His Work". The Catholic World. 129 (770): 165–171.
  3. ^ Horgan, John J (1960). "Sir Bertram Windle (1858–1929)" (PDF). Hermathena. 94: 3.
  4. ^ McCorkell, E.J. (1958). "Bertram Coghill Alan Windle" (PDF). CCHA Report. 25: 55.
  5. ^ "Sir Bertram Windle, F.R.S," Nature, Vol. 123, March 1929, p. 354.
  6. ^ "The Late Sir Bertram Windle," The British Medical Journal, Vol. 1, No. 3564, 1929, p. 792.
  7. ^ a b Bowler, Peter J. (2001). Reconciling Science and Religion: The Debate in Early-Twentieth-Century Britain. University of Chicago Press. p. 41. ISBN 0-226-06858-7
  8. ^ Engels, Eve-Marie. (2008). The Reception of Charles Darwin in Europe: Volume 1. Continuum. pp. 74-75. ISBN 978-0-8264-5833-9
  9. ^ Livingstone, David N. (2009). Evolution and Religion. In Michael Ruse; Joseph Travis. Evolution: The First Four Billion Years. Harvard University Press. p. 355. ISBN 978-0-674-03175-3
  10. ^ Allitt, Patrick. (1997). Catholic Converts: British and American Intellectuals Turn to Rome. Cornell University Press. p. 171. ISBN 0-8014-8663-7
  11. ^ Bowler, Peter J. (2001). Reconciling Science and Religion: The Debate in Early-Twentieth-Century Britain. University of Chicago Press. p. 167. ISBN 0-226-06858-7
  12. ^ "Complete List of Royal Society Fellows 1660-2007" (PDF). Royal Society. Retrieved 29 October 2015.
  13. ^ 'WINDLE, Sir Bertram Coghill Alan', Who Was Who, A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc, 1920–2016; online edn, Oxford University Press, 2014; online edn, April 2014 accessed 28 Oct 2017
  14. ^ "No. 28588". The London Gazette. 8 March 1912. pp. 1745–1746.
  15. ^ "Is Not Foe to Cause of Science," The Toronto World, 16 March 1920, p. 4.

Further reading[edit]

  • Gwynn, Denis (1960). "Sir Bertram Windle, 1858–1929: A Centenary Tribute". University Review. 2 (3/4): 48–58.
  • Horgan, John J (1932). "Sir Bertram Windle". Studies: An Irish Quarterly Review. 21 (84): 611–626.
  • Keogh, Ann (2004). A Study in Philanthropy: Sir Bertram Windle, Sir John O'Connell, Isabella Honan and the Building of the Honal Chapel, University College Cork. Thesis (M.A.) – Department of History, UCC.
  • Keogh, Ann & Keogh, Dermot (2010). Bertram Windle: The Honan Bequest and The Modernisation of University College Cork 1904–1919. Cork: Cork University Press.
  • McCormick, John F (1933). "Sir Bertram Windle". Thought. 8 (1): 143–145. doi:10.5840/thought19338180.
  • McGuire, Constantine E. (1935). Catholic Builders of the Nation. New York: Catholic Book Company.
  • Neeson, Hugh (1962). The Educational Work of Sir Bertram Windle, F.R.S., (1858–1929) with Particular Reference to his Contributions to Higher Education in Ireland. Thesis (M.A.) – The Queen's University of Belfast.
  • Taylor, Monica (1932). Sir Bertram Windle, a Memoir. London: Longmans, Green and Co.

External links[edit]