Bertrand (programming language)

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Bertrand (named after Bertrand Russell) is a computer programming language for creating constraint programming systems. The language was created by Wm Leler in the mid-1980s as part of his doctoral research. Bertrand has a declarative programming syntax and differentiates itself from other programming languages by use of a technique called augmented term rewriting.


  • Wm Leler, Constraint Programming Languages, Their Specification and Generation, Addison-Wesley, 1988. ISBN 0-321-24678-0