Berwick St John

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Berwick St John
Church of St. John the Baptist, Berwick St. John - geograph.org.uk - 1123399.jpg
St John the Baptist parish church
Berwick St John is located in Wiltshire
Berwick St John
Berwick St John
 Berwick St John shown within Wiltshire
Population 438 (2011 Census)
OS grid reference ST947223
Civil parish Berwick St John
Unitary authority Wiltshire
Ceremonial county Wiltshire
Region South West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Shaftesbury
Postcode district SP7
Dialling code 01747
Police Wiltshire
Fire Wiltshire
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament South West Wiltshire
Website Berwick St John
List of places
UK
England
Wiltshire

Coordinates: 51°00′00″N 2°04′37″W / 51.000°N 2.077°W / 51.000; -2.077

Berwick St John is a village and civil parish in southwest Wiltshire, England, about 5 miles (8 km) east of Shaftesbury in Dorset. The 2011 Census recorded the parish population as 438.[1]

The parish includes the Ashcombe Park estate, part of the Ferne Park estate, and most of Rushmore Park (since 1939 the home of Sandroyd School).

Geography[edit]

The parish is at the head of the Ebble valley, in the Cranborne Chase Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty.

Winklebury Hill overlooks the village. In the extreme west of the parish, Win Green hill, at 277 metres (909 ft), is the highest point of Cranborne Chase.

History[edit]

The area has several prehistoric sites, including a Bronze Age settlement near Rushmore.[2]

Part of Wilton Abbey's Chalke estate from the 10th century, the parish was established by the 13th century. Manors of the parish included Berwick St John, Rushmore, Bridmore, Upton Lucy and Ashcombe.[3]

The Old Rectory is from the early 19th century.[4]

In the 19th century Augustus Pitt Rivers inherited the Rushmore estate and excavated many nearby archeological sites.

Religious sites[edit]

The Church of England parish church of St John the Baptist was built in the 14th century but heavily restored in 1861 under the direction of the Gothic revival architect Henry Woodyer.[5][6] It has stained glass windows that have been attributed to Hardman & Co.[7] The building is Grade II listed.[8]

The tower has a ring of six bells. Robert I Wells of Aldbourne cast the second, third and tenor bells in 1767. Robert II Wells cast the fifth bell in 1788. John Warner & Sons of Cripplegate, London cast the treble and fourth bells in 1885.[9]

St John's parish is a member of the Benefice of Chalke Valley.[10]

Ebenezer Baptist Chapel was built in 1828 and closed in 1984.[11] A Wesleyan Methodist chapel was built in 1875 and closed sometime before 1964.[12]

Amenities[edit]

The village has a pub, the Talbot Inn, which dates from the mid-17th century.[13]

There is no primary school. A school which was built in 1835 took children of all ages until 1935; it was closed in 1963.[14]

Sandroyd School, at Rushmore House, is an independent school for children aged 3-13.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Area: Berwick St. John (Parish): Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 28 May 2015. 
  2. ^ Historic England. "South Lodge camp (1020962)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 September 2015. 
  3. ^ "Victoria County History - Wiltshire - Vol 13 pp16-27: Berwick St. John". British History Online. University of London. 
  4. ^ Historic England. "Old Rectory, Berwick St. John (1249867)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 September 2015. 
  5. ^ Pevsner & Cherry 1963, p. 108.
  6. ^ Historic England. "Church of St John (1130720)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 28 May 2015. 
  7. ^ Pevsner & Cherry 1963, p. 109.
  8. ^ Historic England. "Church of St John (1130720)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 September 2015. 
  9. ^ Dawson, George (5 December 2013). "Berwick St John S John". Dove's Guide for Church Bell Ringers. Central Council for Church Bell Ringers. Retrieved 28 May 2015. 
  10. ^ Archbishops' Council. "Benefice of Chalke Valley (Team Ministry)". A Church Near You. Church of England. Retrieved 28 May 2015. 
  11. ^ "Ebenezer Baptist Chapel, Berwick St. John". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 21 September 2015. 
  12. ^ "Wesleyan Methodist Chapel, Berwick St. John". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 21 September 2015. 
  13. ^ Historic England. "Talbot Inn, Berwick St. John (1184015)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 September 2015. 
  14. ^ "Berwick St. John Church of England School". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 21 September 2015. 

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]