Berwick St John
|Berwick St John|
St John the Baptist parish church
|Berwick St John shown within Wiltshire|
|Population||332 (2011 Census)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Fire||Dorset and Wiltshire|
|EU Parliament||South West England|
|Website||Berwick St John|
Winklebury Hill overlooks the village. In the extreme west of the parish, Win Green hill, at 277 metres (909 ft), is the highest point of Cranborne Chase. The southern part of the parish is forested and includes a golf course.
The 2011 Census misleadingly records the output area as the parish population as '438' in which figure is incorporated the civil parish together with that of Alvediston to the east for reasons of confidentiality of the other detailed figures. The county council have obtained and published key statistics for each parish showing that Berwick St John's population stood at 332 in that census. The combined area is 28.68 km² In 1861 residents numbered a maximal 499 but this had fallen to a low of 258 at the 1971 census.
Part of Wilton Abbey's Chalke estate from the 10th century, the parish was established by the 13th century. Manors of the parish included Berwick St John, Rushmore, Bridmore, Upton Lucy and Ashcombe.
The Old Rectory is from the early 19th century.
In the 19th century Augustus Pitt Rivers inherited the Rushmore estate and excavated many nearby archaeological sites.
The Church of England parish church of St John the Baptist was built in the 14th century but heavily restored in 1861 under the direction of the Gothic revival architect Henry Woodyer. It has stained glass windows that have been attributed to Hardman & Co. The building is Grade II listed.
The tower has a ring of six bells. Robert I Wells of Aldbourne cast the second, third and tenor bells in 1767. Robert II Wells cast the fifth bell in 1788. John Warner & Sons of Cripplegate, London cast the treble and fourth bells in 1885.
There is no primary school. A school which was built in 1835 took children of all ages until 1935; it was closed in 1963.
Sandroyd School, at Rushmore House, is an independent school for children aged 3–13.
- "Area: Berwick St. John (Parish): Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 28 May 2015.
- Berwick St. John Census Information (1801 to 2011) Wiltshire County Council. Retrieved 5 May 2016
- Historic England. "South Lodge camp (1020962)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 September 2015.
- "Victoria County History – Wiltshire – Vol 13 pp16-27: Berwick St. John". British History Online. University of London.
- Historic England. "Old Rectory, Berwick St. John (1249867)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 September 2015.
- Pevsner & Cherry 1963, p. 108.
- Historic England. "Church of St John (1130720)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 28 May 2015.
- Pevsner & Cherry 1963, p. 109.
- Historic England. "Church of St John (1130720)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 September 2015.
- Dawson, George (5 December 2013). "Berwick St John S John". Dove's Guide for Church Bell Ringers. Central Council for Church Bell Ringers. Retrieved 28 May 2015.
- Archbishops' Council. "Benefice of Chalke Valley (Team Ministry)". A Church Near You. Church of England. Retrieved 28 May 2015.
- "Ebenezer Baptist Chapel, Berwick St. John". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 21 September 2015.
- "Wesleyan Methodist Chapel, Berwick St. John". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 21 September 2015.
- Historic England. "Talbot Inn, Berwick St. John (1184015)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 September 2015.
- "Berwick St. John Church of England School". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 21 September 2015.
- Crowley, D.A. (ed.); Freeman, Jane; Stevenson, Janet H. (1987). A History of the County of Wiltshire. Victoria County History. 13: South-west Wiltshire: Chalke and Dunworth hundreds. London: Oxford University Press for the University of London Institute of Historical Research. pp. 16–27. ISBN 978-0197227695.
- Pevsner, Nikolaus; Cherry, Bridget (revision) (1975) . Wiltshire. The Buildings of England (2nd ed.). Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. ISBN 0-14-0710-26-4.
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