Berwick St Leonard

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Berwick St Leonard
St Leonards church, Berwick St Leonard (geograph 2684985).jpg
St Leonard's church
Berwick St Leonard is located in Wiltshire
Berwick St Leonard
Berwick St Leonard
 Berwick St Leonard shown within Wiltshire
Population 47 (in 2011)[1]
OS grid reference ST924332
Civil parish Berwick St Leonard
Unitary authority Wiltshire
Ceremonial county Wiltshire
Region South West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Salisbury
Postcode district SP3
Dialling code 01747
Police Wiltshire
Fire Dorset and Wiltshire
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament South West Wiltshire
List of places
UK
England
Wiltshire

Coordinates: 51°05′53″N 2°06′36″W / 51.098°N 2.110°W / 51.098; -2.110

Berwick St Leonard is a small village and civil parish in Wiltshire, England, about 8 miles (13 km) southeast of Warminster and 14 miles (23 km) west of Salisbury.

Geography[edit]

In 1934, part of the southwest of the parish including the village of Hindon, was transferred to an adjoining parish. A small stream rises near that village and flows intermittently, under wet conditions. Soon after leaving the parish the stream forms Fonthill Lake and then joins the Nadder near Tisbury. The northern boundary of the parish is the watershed between the Nadder and the Wylye. The soil is chalky and mainly used for arable cropping and sheep, but increasing numbers of cows have been kept since about 1980.[2]

The A303 trunk road, linking London with southwest England, crosses the parish. Berwick St John village is on the B3089 about 0.8 miles (1.3 km) to the south.[2] The Monarch's Way is a 615-mile (990 km) long-distance footpath that passes through the parish.[3]

History[edit]

There is a prehistoric earthwork near Penning, in the north of the parish.[4] From before 1650 to around 1900, nearly all the land in the parish belonged to a single farm, probably Cold Berwick Farm, which appears on a 1773 map but had been demolished by 1822.[2]

In the 11th and 12th centuries the manor was probably part of Shaftesbury Abbey's Tisbury estate.[5] Berwick House is from the late 18th century.[6]

Parish church[edit]

St Leonard's Church was built in the 12th century. It has been designated as a Grade II* listed building.[7] The church was closed in 1966,[8] declared redundant in 1973[7] and is now in the care of the Churches Conservation Trust.[9]

Local government[edit]

The parish is in the area of Wiltshire Council unitary authority, which is responsible for all significant local government functions. The civil parish does not elect a parish council. Instead the first tier of local government is a parish meeting, which all electors are entitled to attend.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Wiltshire Community History - Census". Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 22 September 2015. 
  2. ^ a b c "Berwick St Leonard". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 4 September 2016. 
  3. ^ "The Monarch's Way". The Monarch's Way Association. Retrieved 4 September 2016. 
  4. ^ Historic England. "Earthwork enclosure in Penning Wood (1017714)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 22 September 2015. 
  5. ^ "Victoria County History - Wiltshire - Vol 13 pp100-105 - Parishes: Berwick St Leonard". British History Online. University of London. Retrieved 22 September 2015. 
  6. ^ Historic England. "Berwick House, Berwick St Leonard (1146059)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 22 September 2015. 
  7. ^ a b "Church of St. Leonard". Images of England. English Heritage. 
  8. ^ "Fonthill Bishop". Nadder Valley Focus. Retrieved 3 October 2010. 
  9. ^ "St Leonard, Berwick". Churches Conservation Trust. Retrieved 3 October 2010. 
  10. ^ "Berwick St Leonard Parish Meeting". Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 22 September 2015. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Berwick St Leonard at Wikimedia Commons