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|461 sq. mi. (ranked 11th)|
|• Created||Middle Ages|
|• Succeeded by||Borders Region|
|• HQ||Berwick-upon-Tweed (Historical)
Greenlaw (1596 - 1890)
Berwickshire is a lieutenancy area and historic county in the Scottish Borders. It takes its name from Berwick-upon-Tweed, which was part of Scotland at the time of the county's formation, but became part of England in 1482.
The county borders Roxburghshire and Selkirkshire to the west, East Lothian and Midlothian to the north, the North Sea to the east and a portion of the Anglo-Scottish border with Northumberland to the south.
It lies within Berwickshire, Roxburgh and Selkirk (UK Parliament constituency).
Prior to 1975 Berwickshire contained four burghs and three districts:
The districts of :
- Berwick East
- Berwick Middle
- Berwick West
Berwickshire County Council was abolished by the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973 and the county was instead governed by the Borders Regional Council. This region was divided into four districts, one of which was named Berwickshire District; however its area was not congruent with the county's, with the burgh of Lauder and most of the county's West District included in the Ettrick and Lauderdale District and the parish of Nenthorn included in the Roxburgh District. Beriwckshire District Council remained based in Duns, the old county town.
Coat of arms
The county council of Berwickshire was formed in 1890 by the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1889, and applied for a grant of arms the same year. The grant, by Lord Lyon King of Arms was made on the 10th of October.
Upon the abolition of Berwickshire County Council, the arms were regranted to Berwickshire District Council. When the district council was abolished the arms reverted to the Crown.
Refer to the List of civil parishes in Scotland
- 1.Abbey St Bathans
- 3.Buncle (Bonkyl)
- 9. Part of Cranshaws
- 10. Channelkirk
- 23. Part of Longformacus
- 26. Liberties of Berwick
- 27.Lauder (former seat of the county Commissariat)
- 28. Part of Lauder
- 31. Mertoun
- 32. Nenthorn
- 33.Oldhamstocks part of
Towns and villages
(See Civil parish list above for villages in those parishes) Other places in Berwickshire include :
The Berwickshire News is published weekly, and numerous organisations and groups have Berwickshire in their titles (i.e.: the Berwickshire Housing Association, Berwickshire Sports Council).
The Berwickshire Civic Society is currently campaigning for road signs at the entrances to the county to have notices added saying 'You are now entering the ancient county of Berwickshire', and they hold an annual Keep Berwickshire Tidy Campaign, judged each April.
The High school west of Duns is named Berwickshire High School, it has been open since 1896. Together with Eyemouth High School they run a Rugby team under the name of Berwickshire schools.
The Berwickshire Coastal Path runs from Cockburnspath to Berwick-upon-Tweed (28 miles).
- "Old County of Berwickshire - Gazetteer for Scotland".
- "Berwick-upon-Tweed - Braidwood | A Topographical Dictionary of Scotland (pp. 124-151)". British-history.ac.uk. 2003-06-22. Retrieved 2012-11-12.
- R.M. Urquhart (1973). Scottish Burgh and County Heraldry. London.
- R.M. Urquhart (1979). Scottish Civic Heraldry. London.
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