Beryllium monohydride

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Beryllium monohydride
3D model (JSmol)
Molar mass 10.02012 g mol−1
Appearance Colourless gas
176.83 J K−1 mol−1
321.20 kJ mol−1
US health exposure limits (NIOSH):
PEL (Permissible)
TWA 0.002 mg/m3
C 0.005 mg/m3 (30 minutes), with a maximum peak of 0.025 mg/m3 (as Be)[1]
REL (Recommended)
Ca C 0.0005 mg/m3 (as Be)[1]
IDLH (Immediate danger)
Ca [4 mg/m3 (as Be)][1]
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
Infobox references

Beryllium monohydride (BeH) is an example of a molecule with a half-bond order according to molecular orbital theory. It is a metastable monoradical species which has only been observed in the gas phase. In beryllium monohydride, beryllium has a valency of one, and hydrogen has a valency of one.

BeH has only 5 electrons and is the simplest open shell neutral molecule, and is therefore extremely important for the benchmarking of ab initio methods. With such a light mass, it is also an important benchmark system for studying the breakdown of the Born-Oppenheimer approximation. Due to its simplicity, BeH is expected to be present in astronomical contexts such as exoplanetary atmospheres, cool stars, and the interstellar medium, but so far has only been found on our Sun.[2] Because of the long lifetime of 11Be, 11BeH is the leading candidate for the formation of the first halo nucleonic molecule.[3]

BeH has been studied spectroscopically since 1928 and in over 80 theoretical studies (see [3] for a review).

The bond length is 134.2396(3) pm [3] and the dissociation energy is 17702(200) cm−1.[3]

The dimeric molecule Be2H2 has also been observed in an argon matrix at 10 K[4]


  1. ^ a b c "NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards #0054". National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH). 
  2. ^
  3. ^ a b c d "Beryllium monohydride (BeH): Where we are now, after 86 years of spectroscopy". Journal of Molecular Spectroscopy. 311: 76–83. doi:10.1016/j.jms.2014.09.005. 
  4. ^ Thomas J. Tague Jr., Lester Andrews (1993). "Reactions of beryllium atoms with hydrogen. Matrix infrared spectra of novel product molecules". J. Am. Chem. Soc. 115 (25). pp. 12111–12116. doi:10.1021/ja00078a057. .