Besòs (river)

Coordinates: 41°27′29″N 2°11′39″E / 41.45806°N 2.19417°E / 41.45806; 2.19417
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Physical characteristics
 • location
Mediterranean Sea
 • coordinates
41°27′29″N 2°11′39″E / 41.45806°N 2.19417°E / 41.45806; 2.19417
 • elevation
0 m (0 ft)
Length17.7 km (11.0 mi)
Basin size1,039 km2 (401 sq mi)
 • average4.33 m3/s (153 cu ft/s)

The Besòs (Catalan pronunciation: [bəˈzɔs]; Spanish: Besós) is a river flowing through Catalonia, Spain, formed by the confluence of the Mogent and Congost rivers.[1] It ends in the Mediterranean. Its full watershed includes the following cities: Aiguafreda, La Garriga, Sant Fost de Campsantelles, Canovelles, Granollers, Montmeló, Mollet del Vallès, Montcada i Reixac, Santa Coloma de Gramenet, Barcelona and Sant Adrià de Besòs. Due to its Mediterranean climate, the river can have extreme discrepancies in flow depending on the weather.


The Besòs river has five main tributaries:[2]


A non-navigable river, the Besòs was nonetheless a link between the Catalan coast and the interior. In the 10th century, the Rec Comtal was built to use the river for irrigation.

In 1962, the river along with Llobregrat river overflowed causing a flood in many areas of the Vallés Occidental and to a less extent in Vallés Oriental and Barcelonés. The flood caused many deaths (617 according to the official death toll and up to 1000 according to some estimates) and material damage.

As it passes through a highly industrialized area (Barcelona metropolitan region), it had the dubious honor of being the most contaminated river in Europe during the 1970s and 1980s. Since the mid-1990s, however, the river has been in the process of recovery.

The Fòrum Universal de les Cultures, which took place in Barcelona during 2004, allowed the creation of a recreation area called Parc Fluvial del Besòs between the cities of Barcelona, Santa Coloma de Gramenet and Sant Adrià del Besòs.


See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Besós River". Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 13 April 2016.
  2. ^ "La Conca del Besòs". Consorci per a la Defensa de la Conca del riu Besòs. Archived from the original on 26 April 2016. Retrieved 13 April 2016.