Besan ki barfi is made with besan (gram flour), condensed milk and sugar. The sugar blends into a creamy texture that comes from the basic mixture, khoya, a traditional Pakistani and Indian dairy confection made from thickened whole milk. The mix is generally heated until the milk solidifies and is then placed in molds of different shapes—diamond, square or sometimes round.
Besan ki barfi is a very common sweet in India, especially during winter. It is usually garnished with sliced or chopped almonds or pistachios. It resembles an orange-colored cheese, it is sometimes called "Indian cheesecake", though it contains no cheese. Newer "fusion cuisine" variations include apricot, mango and coconut flavorings.