Besao, Mountain Province

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Official seal of Besao
Map of Mountain Province showing the location of Besao
Map of Mountain Province showing the location of Besao
Besao is located in Philippines
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 17°06′N 120°49′E / 17.100°N 120.817°E / 17.100; 120.817Coordinates: 17°06′N 120°49′E / 17.100°N 120.817°E / 17.100; 120.817
Country Philippines
Region Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR)
Province Mountain Province
District Lone District
Founded 1963
Barangays 14
 • Mayor Wellington B. Pooten
 • Total 173.62 km2 (67.04 sq mi)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 7,818
 • Density 45/km2 (120/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 2618
Dialing code 74
Income class 5th class

Besao (Ilocano: Ili ti Besao) is a fifth class municipality in the province of Mountain Province, Philippines. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 7,818 people.[3]

The municipality of Besao is believed to have derived its name from the Ilocano word ”Buso”, meaning headhunter. The people then of the neighboring towns specifically those from the Ilocos Region believed that the early ”Besaos” were headhunters. The word later on evolved as it is now called – Besao.

It was also said that Besao is the hometown of the great worlocks of mountain province and it was once said that the people of the said place are intensely feared by fierce tribes due to their lineage of being elite headhunters and worlocks.


Besao is politically subdivided into 14 barangays.[2]

  • Agawa
  • Ambagiw
  • Banguitan
  • Besao East
  • Besao West
  • Catengan
  • Gueday
  • Lacmaan
  • Laylaya
  • Padangaan
  • Payeo
  • Suquib
  • Tamboan
  • Kin-iway (Poblacion.)


Population census of Besao
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1990 8,473 —    
1995 9,147 +1.44%
2000 9,875 +1.66%
2007 7,295 −4.09%
2010 7,818 +2.55%
Source: National Statistics Office[3]


  1. ^ "Official City/Municipal 2013 Election Results". Intramuros, Manila, Philippines: Commission on Elections (COMELEC). 11 September 2013. Retrieved 23 December 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "Province: Mountain Province". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 23 December 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010" (PDF). 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 November 2013. Retrieved 23 December 2013. 

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