Besh Qardash

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The Besh Qardash's Gate and Pool

Coordinates: 37°24′N 57°17′E / 37.400°N 57.283°E / 37.400; 57.283Besh Qardash (or Besh Ghardash) (Persian: بش قارداش) is a monument and mineral spring in Bojnord, North Khorasan Province, Iran. The place is an entertainment and historical tourism attraction and labeled as a national heritage by the Iran Cultural Heritage, Handcrafts and Tourism Organization.[1]

Place[edit]

Besh Qardash is located along the Bojnord-Esfarayen road, roughly 7 kilometers from Bojnord. The place is close to the well-known villages of Qeri Janlu, Mehnan, and Asadli.

History[edit]

The term "Besh Qardash" means "Five Brothers" in the Khorasani Turkic language which is a local language in the region. It refers to the mythic history of the place. According to the myth, there had been five brothers fighting against the then-brutal government and when they harbored to a hillside, they disappeared and five water springs trilled.[2]

In the Qajar era, Naser al-Din Shah passed the place in his state visit and ordered Yar Mohammad Khan Shadlou (also known as Sardar Mufakham or Siham al-Dowleh Bojnordi) to construct a monument right next to the springs.[3] Also a crown shaped swimming pool was built after some time.

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