|Birth name||Bessie White|
|Also known as||Toni Banks|
|Born||February 8, 1938|
|Origin||New Bern, North Carolina, United States|
|Labels||Blue Cat, Spokane, Verve, Volt|
The Four Fellows|
Life and career
She was born Bessie White in New Bern, North Carolina, and later raised in Brooklyn, New York. In the mid-1950s, she began singing with a quartet called Three Guys and a Doll. While a member of the group, she met singer Larry Banks; they married on stage at the Royal Theatre in Baltimore around 1955. She performed and recorded as Toni Banks during the mid-'50s, including the 1957 single "You're Still in My Heart", on which she was backed by the Four Fellows. In 1959 she and Larry recorded as members of the Companions, releasing a single "Why Oh Why Baby" on the Federal label.
Taking back the name Bessie Banks, she recorded as a solo singer in the first half of the 1960s, starting with "Do It Now" in 1963 on the Spokane Records label. Although she and Larry Banks separated and later divorced, they continued to work together. In late 1963, Larry and Bessie decided to make a new push to establish her with a song that Larry had written specifically for the purpose of breaking her nationally: "Go Now". Jerry Leiber and Mike Stoller produced the recording, which first appeared on their Tiger Records label (catalog number TI-102). It was also slated for issue on the Blue Cat label (as BC-106), the R&B/soul imprint of Red Bird. The song was arranged by Gary Sherman, with Cissy Houston as one of the backing singers.
Bessie Banks later commented:
"'I remember 1963 Kennedy was assassinated; it was announced over the radio. At the time, I was rehearsing in the office of Leiber and Stoller. We called it a day. Everyone was in tears. "Come back next week and we will be ready to record 'Go Now'"; and we did so. I was happy and excited that maybe this time I’ll make it. 'Go Now' was released and right away it was chosen Pick Hit of the Week on W.I.N.S. Radio. That means your record is played for seven days. Four days went by, I was so thrilled. On day five, when I heard the first line, I thought it was me, but all of a sudden, I realized it wasn’t. At the end of the song it was announced, "the Moody Blues singing 'Go Now'". I was too out-done. This was the time of the English Invasion and the end of Bessie Banks’ career, so I thought. America's DJs had stopped promoting American artists."
Banks' recollections are questionable, because her single was released in the US in January 1964, and the Moody Blues' version was not released until November 1964 (in the UK) and January 1965 in the US.
She returned to the studio in early 1967, recording the single "I Can't Make It (Without You Baby)" for the Verve label. In 1974, she recorded singles for the Volt label, including "Try To Leave Me If You Can (I Bet You Can't Do It)" and "(Don't You Worry Baby) The Best Is Yet To Come".
Larry Banks also recorded under his own name, and both recorded with and produced his second wife Joan, who recorded as Jaibi. A compilation of recordings, including those by Bessie Banks, was issued as Larry Banks' Soul Family Album by Ace Records in 2007. At that time it was reported that Bessie Banks "continues to sing though she confines herself to gospel music now."
- Darcy (2011-02-09). "Feel It: A hen's tooth?". Feel It. Retrieved 2016-04-14.
- Sleevenotes by Ady Croasdell for Larry Banks' Soul Family Album
- Eder, Bruce. "Biography: Bessie Banks". Allmusic. Retrieved 6 July 2010.
- Warner, Jay (2006-01-01). American Singing Groups: A History from 1940s to Today. Hal Leonard Corporation. ISBN 9780634099786.
- "Jaibi". Discogs. Retrieved 2016-04-14.