Bessie Love

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Bessie Love
Portrait of Bessie Love
Love, c. 1918
Born
Juanita Horton

(1898-09-10)September 10, 1898
DiedApril 26, 1986(1986-04-26) (aged 87)[2]
OccupationActress
Years active1915–83
Height5 ft 0 in (152 cm)[1]
Weight100 lb (45 kg)[1]
Spouse(s)
William Hawks
(m. 1929; div. 1936)
[3]
Children1[3]

Bessie Love (born Juanita Horton; September 10, 1898 – April 26, 1986) was an American motion picture actress who achieved prominence playing innocent young girls and wholesome leading ladies in silent films and early talkies.[4] Her acting career spanned eight decades—from silent film to sound film, including television, radio, and theatre—and her performance in The Broadway Melody (1929) earned her a nomination for the Academy Award for Best Actress.[5]

Early life[edit]

Bessie Love was born in Midland, Texas.[1] She attended school in Midland until she was in the eighth grade,[6] when her chiropractor father moved his family to Arizona, New Mexico, and then to Hollywood.[2]

Career[edit]

The silent era[edit]

Love with Douglas Fairbanks in The Good Bad-Man (1916)

On actor Tom Mix's recommendation that she "get into pictures",[7] Love's mother sent her to Biograph Studios, where she met pioneering film director D. W. Griffith. Griffith, who introduced Bessie Love to films, also gave the actress her screen name. He gave her a small role in his film Intolerance (1916). Love dropped out of Los Angeles High School to pursue her film career, although she completed her diploma many years later.[8]

Her "first role of importance" was in The Flying Torpedo.[9] She later appeared opposite William S. Hart in The Aryan and with Douglas Fairbanks in The Good Bad-Man, Reggie Mixes In, and The Mystery of the Leaping Fish (all 1916). In her early career, she was often compared to Mary Pickford,[10] and was even called "Our Mary" by Griffith.[11]

Advertisement for The Great Adventure (1918)

In 1918, Love signed a nine-film contract with Vitagraph.[12] She took an active role in the management of her career, upgrading her representation to Gerald C. Duffy, the former editor of Picture-Play Magazine,[13] and publicizing herself by playing the ukulele and dancing for members of the military.[14] Even glowing reviews of her films criticized the venues in which they were shown, citing this as a reason she was not a more awarded actress.[15]

As her roles got larger, so did her popularity. In 1922, Love was chosen as a WAMPAS Baby Star.[16] In 1923, she starred in Human Wreckage with Dorothy Davenport and produced by Thomas Ince.

Because of her performance in The King on Main Street (1925), Love is credited with being the first person to dance the Charleston on film,[17] popularizing it in the United States. Her technique was documented in instructional guides,[18] including a series of photographs by Edward Steichen.[19] She subsequently performed the dance the following year in The Song and Dance Man.[20]

In 1925, she starred in The Lost World, a science fiction adventure based on the novel of the same name by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. In 1927, she appeared in the successful Dress Parade, and was so impressed by her experiences on location that she wrote the unpublished novel Military Mary.[21] A year later, she starred in The Matinee Idol, a romantic comedy directed by a young Frank Capra. Despite these successes, Love's career was on the decline.[22] She lived frugally so that she could afford lessons in singing and dancing.[23]

The sound era and stage work[edit]

Love toured with a musical revue for sixteen weeks.[24] The experience she gained on the vaudeville stage singing and dancing in three performances a day prepared her for the introduction of sound films.[25] She was signed to MGM in 1928.[25]

In 1929, she appeared in her first feature-length "talkie", the musical The Broadway Melody. Her performance earned her a nomination for the Academy Award for Best Actress, and the success of the film resulted in a 5-year contract with MGM and an increase in her weekly salary from US$500 to $3,000 (equivalent to $44,000 in 2018)—$1,000 more than her male co-star Charles King.[26] She appeared in several other early musicals, including The Hollywood Revue of 1929 (1929), Chasing Rainbows (1930), Good News (1930), and They Learned About Women (1930).

However, by 1932, her American film career was once again in decline. She moved to England in 1935 and did stage work and occasional films there. She also performed on BBC Radio as a member of their Drama Repertory Company.[27] Love briefly returned to the United States in 1936 to seek a divorce.[3][28]

During World War II in Britain, when Love found acting work hard to come by, she was the "continuity girl" on the film drama San Demetrio London (1943), an account of a ship badly damaged in the Atlantic but whose crew managed to bring her to port. She also worked for the American Red Cross.[29]

After the war, she resumed work on the stage and played small roles in films, often as an American tourist.[30] Stage work included such productions as Love in Idleness (1944)[31] and Born Yesterday (1947).[31][32][33] She wrote and performed in The Homecoming, a semiautobiographical play, which opened in Perth, Scotland in 1958.[34][35] Film work included The Barefoot Contessa (1954) with Humphrey Bogart, and she had a substantial supporting part and received fifth billing in Ealing Studios' Nowhere to Go (1958). She also played small roles in The Greengage Summer (1961) starring Kenneth More, the James Bond thriller On Her Majesty's Secret Service (1969), and in John Schlesinger's Sunday Bloody Sunday (1971). In addition to playing the mother of Vanessa Redgrave's titular character in Isadora (1968), Love also served as dialect coach to the actress.[36]

In October 1963, Love was the subject of This Is Your Life, when she was surprised by Eamonn Andrews in central London.[37][38]

Love appeared in John Osborne's play West of Suez,[39][40] and as "Aunt Pittypat" in a large-scale musical version of Gone with the Wind (1972).[41] She also played Maud Cunard in the TV miniseries Edward & Mrs. Simpson in 1978. Her film work continued in the 1980s with roles in Ragtime (1981), Reds (1981), Lady Chatterley's Lover (1981), and—her final film—The Hunger (1983).

Personal life[edit]

Love photographed by Edwin Bower Hesser for Shadowland magazine, November 1921

Love married agent William Hawks at St. James' Episcopal Church in South Pasadena, California on December 27, 1929.[42] Mary Astor (William's sister-in-law), Carmel Myers, and Norma Shearer were among her bridesmaids, with William's brother Howard Hawks and Irving Thalberg serving as ushers. Following their marriage, Love and Hawks lived at the Havenhurst Apartments in Hollywood; and in 1932 they had their only child, Patricia.[a] Four years later the couple divorced.[3]

She was a Christian Scientist.[39]

Death[edit]

Love died at the Mount Vernon Hospital[43][44] in Northwood, London from natural causes on April 26, 1986.[2][43][44] Her ashes are interred at Breakspear Crematorium in Ruislip, Hillingdon, England.[45][better source needed]

Legacy[edit]

Star on Hollywood Walk of Fame at 6777 Hollywood Blvd.

Love was periodically interviewed by film historians and loaned materials from her personal collection to museums.[b] Beginning in 1962, she wrote a series of articles about her experiences for The Christian Science Monitor.[47] In 1977, she published an autobiography entitled From Hollywood with Love.[48]

She was interviewed in the television documentary series The Hollywood Greats (1978)[49] and Hollywood: A Celebration of the American Silent Film (1980),[50] both about early filmmaking in Hollywood.

For her contributions to the motion picture industry, Love was honored with a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 6777 Hollywood Boulevard.[51]

On screen, stage, and radio[edit]

Silent films: 1916–1928[edit]

Year Title Role Studio(s) / Distributor(s) Preservation status Notes
1916 Acquitted Helen Carter Fine Arts / Triangle Lost
The Flying Torpedo Hulda Fine Arts / Triangle Lost
The Aryan Mary Jane Garth Triangle Extant
The Good Bad-Man Amy Fine Arts / Triangle Extant
Reggie Mixes In Agnes Fine Arts / Triangle Extant
The Mystery of the Leaping Fish The Little Fish Blower Triangle Extant Short film
Stranded The Girl Fine Arts / Triangle Lost
Intolerance The Bride Triangle Extant
Hell-to-Pay Austin Briar Rose Dawson Fine Arts / Triangle Lost
A Sister of Six Prudence Fine Arts / Triangle Lost
The Heiress at Coffee Dan's Waffles Fine Arts / Triangle Lost
1917 Nina, the Flower Girl Nina Fine Arts / Triangle Lost
A Daughter of the Poor Rose Eastman Fine Arts / Triangle Incomplete
Cheerful Givers Judy Fine Arts / Triangle Lost
The Sawdust Ring Janet Magie New York Motion Picture Corporation / Triangle Extant
Wee Lady Betty Wee Lady Betty Triangle Lost
Polly Ann Polly Ann Triangle Lost
1918 The Great Adventure Rags Pathé Exchange Extant
How Could You, Caroline? Caroline Rogers Pathé Exchange Lost
A Little Sister of Everybody Celeste Janvier Anderson-Brunton / Pathé Exchange Lost
The Dawn of Understanding Sue Prescott Vitagraph Lost
1919 The Enchanted Barn Shirley Hollister Vitagraph Lost
Carolyn of the Corners Carolyn May Cameron Pathé Exchange Lost
The Wishing Ring Man Joy Havenith Vitagraph Lost
A Yankee Princess Patsy O'Reilly Vitagraph Lost
The Little Boss Peggy Winston, the little boss Vitagraph Lost Love also wrote the scenario
Cupid Forecloses Geraldine Farleigh Vitagraph Extant
Over the Garden Wall Peggy Gordon Vitagraph Lost
A Fighting Colleen Alannah Malone Vitagraph Lost
1920 The Midlanders Aurelie Lindstrom Federated Film Exchanges Incomplete
Pegeen Pegeen O'Neill Vitagraph Lost
Bonnie May Bonnie May Federated Film Exchanges Lost
1921 Penny of Top Hill Trail Penny Andrew J. Callaghan Productions / Federated Film Exchanges Lost
The Honor of Rameriz The Geologist's Wife Pathé Exchange Unknown Short film
Series: Santschi Series
The Spirit of the Lake Pathé Exchange Unknown
The Swamp Mary Robertson–Cole Extant
The Sea Lion Blossom Nelson Associated Producers Extant
1922 The Vermilion Pencil Hyacinth Robertson–Cole Lost
Forget Me Not Ann, the girl Metro Pictures Lost
Bulldog Courage Gloria Phillips Russell Productions / State Rights Extant
The Village Blacksmith Rosemary Martin, the daughter Fox Film Incomplete
Night Life in Hollywood Herself A.B. Maescher Productions / Arrow Film Corporation Unknown
Deserted at the Altar Anna Moore, the country girl Phil Goldstone Unknown
1923 The Little Knight Bernice Arthur Trimble Productions / Anchor Extant Short film
Series: The Strange Adventures of Prince Courageous
The Love Charm Bernice Arthur Trimble Productions / Anchor Unknown
The Crown of Courage Bernice Arthur Trimble Productions / Anchor Unknown
Three Who Paid John Caspar / Virginia Cartwright Fox Film Lost
The Ghost Patrol Effie Kugler Universal Pictures Lost
Souls for Sale Herself Goldwyn Pictures Extant
The Purple Dawn Mui Far Aywon / State Rights Lost
Mary of the Movies Herself Columbia / Robertson–Cole / Film Booking Offices Incomplete
Human Wreckage Mary Finnegan Thomas H. Ince Corporation / Film Booking Offices Lost
The Eternal Three Hilda Gray Goldwyn Pictures Lost
St. Elmo Edna Earle Fox Film Lost
Slave of Desire Pauline Gaudin Goldwyn Pictures Extant
Gentle Julia Julia Fox Film Lost
1924 Torment Marie Tourneur / Associated First National Lost
The Woman on the Jury Grace Pierce Associated First National Lost
Those Who Dance Veda Carney Thomas H. Ince Corporation / Associated First National Lost
The Silent Watcher Mary Roberts First National Pictures Lost
Dynamite Smith Violet Thomas H. Ince Corporation / Pathé Exchange Lost
Sundown Ellen Crawley First National Pictures Lost
Tongues of Flame Lahleet Famous Players-Lasky / Paramount Pictures Lost
1925 The Lost World Paula White First National Pictures Extant
Soul-Fire Teita Inspiration Pictures / First National Pictures Extant
A Son of His Father Nora Shea Famous Players-Lasky / Paramount Pictures Extant
New Brooms Geraldine Marsh Famous Players-Lasky / Paramount Pictures Lost
The King on Main Street Gladys Humphreys Famous Players-Lasky / Paramount Pictures Extant
1926 The Song and Dance Man Leola Lane Famous Players-Lasky / Paramount Pictures Incomplete
Lovey Mary Lovey Mary Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Incomplete
Meet the Prince Metropolitan Pictures Corporation / Producers Distributing Corporation Lost Love's inclusion in the cast list may be in error
Young April Victoria Producers Distributing Corporation Extant
Going Crooked Marie Farley Fox Film Extant
1927 The American Jane Wilton Natural Vision Pictures Lost Never released theatrically
Rubber Tires Mary Ellen Stack Producers Distributing Corporation Extant
A Harp in Hock Nora Banks DeMille Pictures / Pathé Exchange Lost
Dress Parade Janet Cleghorne Pathé Exchange Extant
1928 The Matinee Idol Ginger Bolivar Columbia Pictures Extant
Sally of the Scandals Sally Rand Film Booking Offices Extant
Anybody Here Seen Kelly? Mitzi Lavelle Universal Pictures Lost

Sound films: 1928–1983[edit]

All of Love's sound films are extant.

Year Title Role Studio(s) / Distributor(s) Notes
1928 The Swell Head Warner Vitaphone Short film
1929 The Broadway Melody Hank Mahoney Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Nominated—Academy Award for Best Actress
The Idle Rich Helen Thayer Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
The Hollywood Revue of 1929 Herself Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
The Girl in the Show Hattie Hartley Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
1930 Chasing Rainbows Carlie Seymour Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
They Learned About Women Mary Collins Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
Conspiracy Margaret Holt RKO Pictures
Good News Dixie O'Day Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Missing Technicolor ending
See America Thirst Ellen Universal Pictures
1931 Morals for Women Helen Huston Tiffany Pictures
1936 I Live Again Kathleen Vernon G.B. Morgan Productions / National Provincial Film Distributors
1941 Atlantic Ferry Begonia Baggot Warner Brothers
1945 London Scrapbook Herself Spectator Short Films Short film
Journey Together Mrs. Mary McWilliams RKO Pictures
1951 No Highway in the Sky Aircraft passenger Twentieth Century-Fox Film Corp. Uncredited
The Magic Box Wedding group member British Lion Films
1954 The Weak and the Wicked Prisoner
The Barefoot Contessa Mrs. Eubanks Figaro / United Artists
Beau Brummell Maid Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Uncredited
1955 Touch and Go Mrs. Baxter Ealing Studios / J. Arthur Rank Film Distributors / Universal Pictures
1957 The Story of Esther Costello Matron in art gallery Romulus Films / Columbia Pictures
1958 Next to No Time Becky Wiener Montpelier / British Lion Film Corporation
Nowhere to Go Harriet P. Jefferson Ealing Studios / Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
1959 Too Young to Love Mrs. Busch Welbeck Films Ltd. / J. Arthur Rank Film Distributors
1961 The Greengage Summer[52] American tourist PKL Productions / Victor Saville-Edward Small Productions / Columbia Pictures
The Roman Spring of Mrs. Stone Bunny Warner Bros. / Seven Arts / Warner-Pathé Distributors / Warner Bros. Pictures
1963 The Wild Affair Marjorie's mother Bryanston Films / British Lion Films
Children of the Damned Mrs. Robbins, Mark's grandmother Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
1964 I Think They Call Him John Narrator Samaritan Films Short film
1965 Promise Her Anything Pet shop customer Seven Arts Productions / Paramount Pictures
1967 Battle Beneath the Earth Matron Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
I'll Never Forget What's'isname American tourist J. Arthur Rank Film Distributors
1968 Isadora Mrs. Duncan Universal Pictures
1969 On Her Majesty's Secret Service Baccarat player Eon-Danilag Productions Uncredited
1971 Sunday Bloody Sunday Answering service lady Vectia / United Artists
Catlow Mrs. Frost Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
1974 Vampyres American lady Cambist Films / Cinépix Film Properties Inc.
1976 The Ritz Maurine Warner Bros.
1977 Gulliver's Travels Arrow Films / Sunn Classic Pictures Voice
1981 Reds Mrs. Partlow Barclays Mercantile / Industrial Finance / JRS Productions / Paramount Pictures
Ragtime Old T.O.C. lady Paramount Pictures
Lady Chatterley's Lover Flora Cannon Films / Columbia Pictures
1983 The Hunger Lillybelle Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer / MGM/UA Entertainment Co

Television[edit]

Year(s) Title Role Notes
1946 Mr. Know-All[53]
1947 You Can't Take It with You[54] Penelope Sycamore Television film
1948 The Front Page[55] Mrs. Grant Television film
1952 Mystery Story[56][57] Grace Jones
1953 The Hero[58] Harriet Quinn
1954, 1957, 1958 BBC Sunday-Night Theatre[59][60][61][62] Various 7 episodes
1954 Queen's Folly[63] Mrs. Temple
1955 London Playhouse Mrs. Goren Episode: "The Glorification of Al Toolum"[64]
1956 The Male Animal[65] Myrtle Keller Television film
Love performed the role in the stage production at the New Wimbledon Theatre in 1949[66]
1957, 1960 ITV Television Playhouse Various 3 episodes
1957, 1959 ITV Play of the Week Various 3 episodes
1958 Long Distance[67][68] Mrs. MacLean Television short
1959 Saturday Playhouse Mrs. Stykeley-Mosher Episode: "Golden Rain"[69]
1960 Emergency – Ward 10 Mrs. Broom Episode: "Mrs. Broom"
Don't Do It, Dempsey! Mrs. Glenton Episode: "Visiting Firemen"[70]
International Detective Various 2 episodes[71]
1961 Harpers West One Customer 1 episode
1962 Zero One Mrs. Glorny Episode: "Gunpoint to Shannon"[72][73]
Man of the World Mrs. Van Kempson Episode: "Portrait of a Girl"[71]
The Andromeda Breakthrough Mrs. Neilson Episode: "Gale Warning"[74][75]
BBC Sunday-Night Play Mrs. Marshall Episode: "Means to an End"
1963 This Is Your Life[37][38] Herself Reality documentary
The Sentimental Agent Mamie Episode: "Never Play Cards with Strangers"[71]
1964 Story Parade Mrs. Arquette Episode: "A Kiss Before Dying"[76]
1965 The Wednesday Play Martha Burroughs Episode: "The Pistol"[77]
1966 The Poppy Is Also a Flower Television film; uncredited
1968 ITV Playhouse Mrs. Teitelbaum Episode: "Bon Voyage"[71]
Late Night Line-Up[78] Herself
1969 Randall and Hopkirk (Deceased) Mrs. Trotter Episode: "When Did You Start to Stop Seeing Things?"[71]
Omnibus Episode: "Where Are You Going to My Pretty Maid?"[79]
British Film Comedy Becky Episode: "Next to No Time"[80]
1970 W. Somerset Maugham American lady Episode: "Jane"[81]
Kate Lady Hartford-Cape Episode: "A Good Spec"[71]
1971 Great Day[71] Herself
Public Eye Chrissy Husack Episode: "The Beater and the Game"[71]
From a Bird's Eye View Old Lady Episode: "Family Tree"
1973 Pollyanna[82] Mrs. Snow Miniseries
1974 Mousey Mrs. Richardson Television film
1975 Shades of Greene St. Louis Woman Episode: "Cheap in August"[4]
1976 Katy[83][84][85] Mrs. Finch 3 episodes
1977 Good Afternoon![24] Herself
1978 Edward & Mrs. Simpson Maud Cunard Miniseries
The Hollywood Greats[49] Herself Documentary series
1980 Hollywood: A Celebration of the American Silent Film[50] Herself Documentary series

Stage[edit]

Year Title Role Venue / Location Notes
1928 Burlesque[86] Bonny San Francisco
Merry Ann Idea[24][87][88] Touring production A one-woman, Fanchon and Marco stage revue
1930 Whispering Friends[89][90] El Capitan Theatre, Hollywood
1931 Variety show[71]
1936 Stop and Go[71] Touring production A C. B. Cochran revue
1936 Lucky Stars[91][92] Touring production
1944 Love in Idleness[93][94][95] Miss Dell
Replaced Peggy Dear
1945 Zenobia[96] The Actress Granville Theatre, Walham Green
Say It With Flowers[96] Julie Granville Theatre, Walham Green
1947 Born Yesterday[97] Mrs. Hedges Garrick Theatre, London
1948 Native Son[98] Miss Emmet Bolton's Theatre Club, London
1949 Death of a Salesman[99] Laughing Woman Phoenix Theatre, London
The Male Animal[66] Myrtle Keller New Wimbledon Theatre, London Love also performed the role on television in 1956[65]
1951 The Glass Menagerie[100] Amanda Wingfield Touring production
1953 The Season's Greetings[101] Lucy Barlow Q Theatre, London
1954 The Wooden Dish[102][103] Bessie Bockser Phoenix Theatre, London
1955 The Children's Hour[104] Mrs. Lily Mortar Arts Theatre, London
South[105][106][107] Mrs. Priolieau Arts Theatre, London
A Girl Called Jo[108] Mrs. Kirke Piccadilly Theatre, London
1956 Someone to Talk To[109] Miss Froslyn Duchess Theatre, London
1958 The Homecoming[35][110] Babe Love Perth Theatre, Perth, Scotland Written by Love
1959 Orpheus Descending[111] The Nurse Royal Court Theatre, London
1960 Visit to a Small Planet[112] Reba Spelding Westminster Theatre, London
1961 South[94] Mrs. Priolieau Criterion Theatre, London
1962 Gentlemen Prefer Blondes[113][114] Mrs. Ella Spofford
1963 Never Too Late[115] Grace Kimborough Prince of Wales Theatre, London
1964 Saint Joan of the Stockyards[116] A Worker Queen's Theatre, London
In White America[117][118] The White Woman Arts Theatre, London
1966 The Silence of Lee Harvey Oswald[119] Marguerite Oswald Hampstead Theatre Club, London
1968 Sweet Bird of Youth[120] Aunt Nonnie Palace Theatre, Watford
1970 Harvey[121] Mrs. Gaffney Touring production
1971 The Heiress[122] Lavinia Penniman Touring production
1971 West of Suez[39][40][123] Mrs Dekker Royal Court Theatre, London
1972 Gone with the Wind[41] Aunt Pittypat Theatre Royal, Drury Lane, London
1979 The Woman I Love[124] Aunt Bessie Merryman Devonshire Park Theatre, Eastbourne

Radio[edit]

Date Title Role
August 31, 1942 Ladies' Man[125] Anita
November 26, 1943 Entertainment Annual[126]
October 3, 1944 News Headlines[127] Host
October 8, 1944 Variety Band-Box[128] Host
January 30, 1946 Vic Oliver Introduces...[129]
January 19, 1947 Scrapbook for 1925[130]
December 12, 1954 Saturday-Night Theatre[131]
June 16, 1955 Melville's Choice[132]
July 30, 1955 Saturday-Night Theatre[131]
April 18, 1957 Woman's Hour[133] Narrator
August 8, 1957 Desert Island Discs[134] Herself
December 29, 1961 I Remember[135] Herself
December 31, 1963 Hollywood Memories[136] Herself
March 21, 1966 Illumination[137] Sister Constance Soulsby
July 13, 1968 Afternoon Theatre[138]
March 28, 1970 Saturday-Night Theatre[139][140]
September 18, 1975 Afternoon Theatre[138]
August 23, 1977 Spoon River[141]
September 12, 1977 Star Sound[142] Herself
March 5, 1978 Afternoon Theatre[138]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ Patricia Hawks' exact birthday is February 19, 1932. Later, as an adult, she, too, became an actress and had some bit parts in films in 1952.[citation needed]
  2. ^ Love contributed to the exhibition 300 années de cinématographie, 60 ans de cinéma at the Musée d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris in 1955.[46]
Citations
  1. ^ a b c d Stars of the Photoplay. Chicago: Photoplay magazine. 1924.
  2. ^ a b c Folkart, Burt A. (April 29, 1986). "Bessie Love, Silent Screen Actress Discovered in 1915, Dies at 87". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved June 20, 2014.
  3. ^ a b c d Kidd, Charles (1986). "Howard Hawks and Mary Astor". Debrett Goes to Hollywood. New York: St. Martin's Press. p. 67. ISBN 978-0-312-00588-7.
  4. ^ a b "Silent Film Star Bessie Love Dies in London at 87". Variety. Vol. 323 no. 1. Los Angeles. April 30, 1986. pp. 4, 36.
  5. ^ "The 2nd Academy Awards | 1930". Oscars.org. Retrieved March 4, 2019.
  6. ^ Temple, Georgia (January 17, 2007). "Midland's first star burned bright in Hollywood sky". Midland Reporter-Telegram.
  7. ^ Love 1977, p. 25
  8. ^ "Little Whisperings from Everywhere in Playerdom". Motion Picture Magazine. Vol. 18 no. 8. September 1919. p. 104.
  9. ^ "Bessie Love's Popularity Growing". The Moving Picture World. March 1, 1919. p. 1233.
  10. ^ Side 1980, p. 84
  11. ^ Side 1980, pp. 12–13
  12. ^ "Vitagraph". Motion Picture News. November 30, 1918. p. 3146.
  13. ^ "Cinema Truth in Flashes". Photo-Play Journal. February 1919. p. 46.
  14. ^ "Hobnobbing with Bessie Love". Photo-Play Journal. February 1919. pp. 11, 56.
  15. ^ Essex, Bert D. (April 1919). "The Silent Trend". Photo-Play Journal. p. 36.
  16. ^ Gebhart, Myrtle (March 11, 1922). "Pantomime Paragraphs from Hollywood". Pantomime. Vol. 2 no. 10. p. 24.
  17. ^ In The King on Main Street:
    • "Crimson Playgoer: The Metropolitan Opens its Doors to an Unlimited Public and a Very Fair Opening Attraction". The Harvard Crimson. October 21, 1925. Bessie Love too, who does a very jazzy version of the Charleston
    • "The King on Main Street". Theatre Magazine. January 1926. …it is memorable … for the fact that Bessie Love gives a perfect exhibition of the Charleston, proving that it can be danced with extreme grace and agility, and yet without a single hint of wriggling vulgarity. We hereby award Miss Love the palm as the greatest Charleston expert on the screen if not on the stage – which is by way of being a miracle, for ordinarily a film dance looks as silly as the capering of goats.
  18. ^ "Everybody's Doing It Now; Bessie Love Shows You How". Photoplay. October 1925. pp. 32–3.
  19. ^ Feeney, Mark (July 19, 2009). "Steichen: A man for all styles – Exhibits showcase breadth of his career". The Boston Globe.
  20. ^ In The Song and Dance Man:
    • "Newspaper Opinions". The Film Daily. Vol. 35 no. 30. February 5, 1926. p. 8. The picture is well worth viewing, however, if for no other reason than to watch Bessie Love dance the Charleston.
    • "Stage and Screen". The Cornell Daily Sun. Vol. XLVI no. 134. March 25, 1926. p. 4. Bessie Love is well cast as the girl – she surely can do the Charleston.
    • "George M. Cohan's 'Song and Dance Man' Comes to State". Reading Times. Reading, Pennsylvania. March 22, 1926. p. 8. Bessie Love, the diminutive film favorite and the screen's foremost exponent of the 'Charleston,' is happily cast as the small time performer who eventually wins fame and for tune in the musical comedy field.
    • "Lincoln Way Theatre". The Gettysburg Times. Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. August 31, 1926. p. 6. See Bessie Love, the screen's Charleston champ, strut her stuff!
  21. ^ Love, Bessie (1929). Military Mary. OCLC 37148006.
  22. ^ Winchell, Walter (December 1929). "Snappy Comebacks". The New Movie Magazine. pp. 28, 124.
  23. ^ Gebhart, Myrtle (October 1929). "Must a Star 'Go Hollywood'?". Picture Play. 31 (2). p. 116.
  24. ^ a b c "Judith Chalmers talks to American-born actress Bessie Love". Good Afternoon. London: Thames TV. October 17, 1977.
  25. ^ a b Kingsley, Grace (September 12, 1928). "Star Remains with Vitaphone". Los Angeles Times. p. A10.
  26. ^ Walker, Alexander (1978). The Shattered Silents: How the Talkies Came to Stay. London: Elm Tree Books. p. 139.
  27. ^ Gielgud, Val (1957). British Radio Drama, 1922–1956. London: George G. Harrap & Co. Ltd. p. 194.
  28. ^ "Bessie Love Back". Titusville Herald. 72 (90). Titusville, Pennsylvania. September 28, 1936. p. 1.
  29. ^ "Bessie Love". AllMovie Guide. Retrieved November 22, 2014.
  30. ^ "In Short". Billboard. Vol. 58 no. 47. November 23, 1946. p. 36.
  31. ^ a b Love 1977, p. 136
  32. ^ "London Garrick Theatre – Born Yesterday – Laurence Olivier". Archived from the original on February 18, 2014. Retrieved June 20, 2014.
  33. ^ "'Born Yesterday' Hit in Glasgow Opening Before London Deb". Billboard. Vol. 58 no. 48. November 30, 1946. p. 4.
  34. ^ "Silent Film Star a Playwright". Tri-City Herald. Pasco, Washington. April 21, 1958. p. 2.
  35. ^ a b "Little Action in New Play". The Glasgow Herald. April 22, 1958. p. 3.
  36. ^ Love 1977, p. 140
  37. ^ a b Connolly, Mike (October 30, 1963). "In Hollywood". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Pittsburgh. p. 6.
  38. ^ a b Bessie Love's appearance on This Is Your Life
  39. ^ a b c Hollander, Zander (August 28, 1972). "Bessie Love—74 Years Young and Still Acting". The Dispatch. 91 (99). Lexington, NC. p. 21.
  40. ^ a b Heilpern, John (April 28, 2006). "A sense of failure". The Guardian.
  41. ^ a b Bryden, Ronald (May 21, 1972). "Scarlett Sings, Atlanta Burns". The New York Times.
  42. ^ Love 1977, p. 125
  43. ^ a b "Career of U.S.-born actress went from silent films to TV". The Globe and Mail. Toronto, Canada. April 29, 1986. p. D19.
  44. ^ a b "Bessie Love, 87, an Actress From Silent-Film to TV Eras". The New York Times. April 28, 1986.
  45. ^ "Bessie Love". Find a Grave. Retrieved July 30, 2019.
  46. ^ Robinson, David (2006). "Film Museums I Have Known and (Sometimes) Loved". Film History. 18 (3): 242. ISSN 0892-2160.
  47. ^ Twenty-one articles were published over eighteen years:
    • First article: Love, Bessie (May 9, 1962). "An Aryan in Sulphur Canyon". The Christian Science Monitor. p. 8.
    • Final article: Love, Bessie (October 20, 1980). "The second time around". The Christian Science Monitor. p. 21.
  48. ^ Love 1977
  49. ^ a b "The Hollywood Greats (10 August 1978)". The Radio Times. No. 2856. BBC. August 3, 1978. p. 45 – via BBC Genome Project.
  50. ^ a b Brownlow, Kevin; Gill, David (1980). "The Man with the Megaphone". Hollywood: A Celebration of the American Silent Film. Episode 10. Thames Video Production. Retrieved September 1, 2014.
  51. ^ Hollywood Walk of Fame. Retrieved January 19, 2017
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Works cited

External links[edit]