Beta-3 adrenergic receptor

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Adrenoceptor beta 3
Available structures
PDB Ortholog search: PDBe, RCSB
Symbols ADRB3 ; BETA3AR
External IDs OMIM109691 MGI87939 HomoloGene37250 IUPHAR: 30 ChEMBL: 246 GeneCards: ADRB3 Gene
RNA expression pattern
PBB GE ADRB3 206812 at tn.png
PBB GE ADRB3 217303 s at tn.png
More reference expression data
Species Human Mouse
Entrez 155 11556
Ensembl ENSG00000188778 ENSMUSG00000031489
UniProt P13945 P25962
RefSeq (mRNA) NM_000025 NM_013462
RefSeq (protein) NP_000016 NP_038490
Location (UCSC) Chr 8:
37.96 – 37.97 Mb
Chr 8:
27.23 – 27.23 Mb
PubMed search [1] [2]

The beta-3 adrenergic receptor3 adrenoreceptor), also known as ADRB3, is a beta-adrenergic receptor, and also denotes the human gene encoding it.[1]


Actions of the β3 receptor include:

It is located mainly in adipose tissue and is involved in the regulation of lipolysis and thermogenesis. Some β3 agonists have demonstrated antistress effects in animal studies, suggesting it also has a role in the central nervous system (CNS). Beta3-Receptors are found in the gallbladder, urinary bladder, and in brown adipose tissue. Their role in gallbladder physiology is unknown, but they are thought to play a role in lipolysis and thermogenesis in brown fat. In the urinary bladder it is thought to cause relaxation of the bladder and prevention of urination.[4]

Mechanism of action[edit]

Beta adrenergic receptors are involved in the epinephrine- and norepinephrine-induced activation of adenylate cyclase through the action of the G proteins of the type Gs.[1]



A selective β3 agonist has potential weight loss effects through modulation of lipolysis.[2]



Beta-3 adrenergic receptor has been shown to interact with Src.[14]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Entrez Gene: ADRB3 adrenergic, beta-3-, receptor". 
  2. ^ a b Ferrer-Lorente R, Cabot C, Fernández-López JA, Alemany M (September 2005). "Combined effects of oleoyl-estrone and a β3-adrenergic agonist (CL316,243) on lipid stores of diet-induced overweight male Wistar rats". Life Sciences 77 (16): 2051–8. doi:10.1016/j.lfs.2005.04.008. PMID 15935402. 
  3. ^ Rang, H. P. (2003). Pharmacology. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone. ISBN 0-443-07145-4.  Page 163
  4. ^ Sawa M, Harada H (2006). "Recent Developments in the Design of Orally Bioavailable β3-Adrenergic Receptor Agonists". Current Medicinal Chemistry 13 (1): 25–37. doi:10.2174/092986706775198006. PMID 16457637. 
  5. ^ Consoli D, Leggio GM, Mazzola C, Micale V, Drago F (November 2007). "Behavioral effects of the β3 adrenoceptor agonist SR58611A: is it the putative prototype of a new class of antidepressant/anxiolytic drugs?". European Journal of Pharmacology 573 (1–3): 139–47. doi:10.1016/j.ejphar.2007.06.048. PMID 17669397. 
  6. ^ Overstreet DH, Stemmelin J, Griebel G (June 2008). "Confirmation of antidepressant potential of the selective β3 adrenoceptor agonist amibegron in an animal model of depression". Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior 89 (4): 623–6. doi:10.1016/j.pbb.2008.02.020. PMID 18358519. 
  7. ^ Fu L, Isobe K, Zeng Q, Suzukawa K, Takekoshi K, Kawakami Y (2008). "The effects of beta(3)-adrenoceptor agonist CL-316,243 on adiponectin, adiponectin receptors and tumor necrosis factor-alpha expressions in adipose tissues of obese diabetic KKAy mice". European Journal of Pharmacology 584 (1): 202–6. doi:10.1016/j.ejphar.2008.01.028. PMID 18304529. 
  8. ^ a b c Candelore MR, Deng L, Tota L, Guan XM, Amend A, Liu Y, Newbold R, Cascieri MA, Weber AE (Aug 1999). "Potent and selective human beta(3)-adrenergic receptor antagonists.". The Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 290 (2): 649–55. PMID 10411574. 
  9. ^ Larsen TM, Toubro S, van Baak MA, Gottesdiener KM, Larson P, Saris WH, Astrup A (2002). "Effect of a 28-d treatment with L-796568, a novel β3-adrenergic receptor agonist, on energy expenditure and body composition in obese men". The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 76 (4): 780–8. PMID 12324291. 
  10. ^ Gras J (2012). "Mirabegron for the treatment of overactive bladder". Drugs of today (Barcelona, Spain : 1998) 48 (1): 25–32. doi:10.1358/dot.2012.48.1.1738056. PMID 22384458. 
  11. ^ Hicks A, McCafferty GP, Riedel E, Aiyar N, Pullen M, Evans C, Luce TD, Coatney RW, Rivera GC, Westfall TD, Hieble JP (October 2007). "GW427353 (solabegron), a novel, selective beta3-adrenergic receptor agonist, evokes bladder relaxation and increases micturition reflex threshold in the dog". The Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 323 (1): 202–9. doi:10.1124/jpet.107.125757. PMID 17626794. 
  12. ^ Nisoli E, Tonello C, Landi M, Carruba MO (1996). "Functional studies of the first selective β3-adrenergic receptor antagonist SR 59230A in rat brown adipocytes". Mol. Pharmacol. 49 (1): 7–14. PMID 8569714. 
  13. ^ Bexis S, Docherty JR (April 2009). "Role of α1- and β3-adrenoceptors in the modulation by SR59230A of the effects of MDMA on body temperature in the mouse". British Journal of Pharmacology 158 (1): 259–66. doi:10.1111/j.1476-5381.2009.00186.x. PMC 2795232. PMID 19422394. 
  14. ^ Cao W, Luttrell LM, Medvedev AV, Pierce KL, Daniel KW, Dixon TM, Lefkowitz RJ, Collins S (2000). "Direct binding of activated c-Src to the beta 3-adrenergic receptor is required for MAP kinase activation". J. Biol. Chem. 275 (49): 38131–4. doi:10.1074/jbc.C000592200. PMID 11013230. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Granneman JG, Lahners KN, Rao DD (1993). "Rodent and human beta 3-adrenergic receptor genes contain an intron within the protein-coding block". Mol. Pharmacol. 42 (6): 964–70. PMID 1336117. 
  • Nahmias C, Blin N, Elalouf JM, Mattei MG, Strosberg AD, Emorine LJ (1991). "Molecular characterization of the mouse beta 3-adrenergic receptor: relationship with the atypical receptor of adipocytes". EMBO J. 10 (12): 3721–7. PMC 453106. PMID 1718744. 
  • Emorine LJ, Marullo S, Briend-Sutren MM, Patey G, Tate K, Delavier-Klutchko C, Strosberg AD (1989). "Molecular characterization of the human beta 3-adrenergic receptor". Science 245 (4922): 1118–21. doi:10.1126/science.2570461. PMID 2570461. 
  • Guan XM, Amend A, Strader CD (1995). "Determination of structural domains for G protein coupling and ligand binding in beta 3-adrenergic receptor". Mol. Pharmacol. 48 (3): 492–8. PMID 7565630. 
  • Rodriguez M, Carillon C, Coquerel A, Le Fur G, Ferrara P, Caput D, Shire D (1995). "Evidence for the presence of beta 3-adrenergic receptor mRNA in the human brain". Brain Res. Mol. Brain Res. 29 (2): 369–75. doi:10.1016/0169-328X(94)00274-I. PMID 7609625. 
  • Clément K, Vaisse C, Manning BS, Basdevant A, Guy-Grand B, Ruiz J, Silver KD, Shuldiner AR, Froguel P, Strosberg AD (1995). "Genetic variation in the beta 3-adrenergic receptor and an increased capacity to gain weight in patients with morbid obesity". N. Engl. J. Med. 333 (6): 352–4. doi:10.1056/NEJM199508103330605. PMID 7609752. 
  • Dib A, Adélaïde J, Chaffanet M, Imbert A, Le Paslier D, Jacquemier J, Gaudray P, Theillet C, Birnbaum D, Pébusque MJ (1995). "Characterization of the region of the short arm of chromosome 8 amplified in breast carcinoma". Oncogene 10 (5): 995–1001. PMID 7898940. 
  • Mahmoudian M (1994). "The complex of human Gs protein with the beta 3 adrenergic receptor: a computer-aided molecular modeling study". Journal of molecular graphics 12 (1): 22–8, 34. doi:10.1016/0263-7855(94)80004-9. PMID 8011597. 
  • Wilkie TM, Chen Y, Gilbert DJ, Moore KJ, Yu L, Simon MI, Copeland NG, Jenkins NA (1994). "Identification, chromosomal location, and genome organization of mammalian G-protein-coupled receptors". Genomics 18 (2): 175–84. doi:10.1006/geno.1993.1452. PMID 8288218. 
  • Krief S, Lönnqvist F, Raimbault S, Baude B, Van Spronsen A, Arner P, Strosberg AD, Ricquier D, Emorine LJ (1993). "Tissue distribution of beta 3-adrenergic receptor mRNA in man". J. Clin. Invest. 91 (1): 344–9. doi:10.1172/JCI116191. PMC 330032. PMID 8380813. 
  • van Spronsen A, Nahmias C, Krief S, Briend-Sutren MM, Strosberg AD, Emorine LJ (1993). "The promoter and intron/exon structure of the human and mouse beta 3-adrenergic-receptor genes". Eur. J. Biochem. 213 (3): 1117–24. doi:10.1111/j.1432-1033.1993.tb17861.x. PMID 8389293. 
  • Lelias JM, Kaghad M, Rodriguez M, Chalon P, Bonnin J, Dupre I, Delpech B, Bensaid M, LeFur G, Ferrara P (1993). "Molecular cloning of a human beta 3-adrenergic receptor cDNA". FEBS Lett. 324 (2): 127–30. doi:10.1016/0014-5793(93)81377-C. PMID 8389717. 
  • Candelore MR, Deng L, Tota LM, Kelly LJ, Cascieri MA, Strader CD (1996). "Pharmacological characterization of a recently described human beta 3-adrenergic receptor mutant". Endocrinology 137 (6): 2638–41. doi:10.1210/en.137.6.2638. PMID 8641219. 
  • Fujisawa T, Ikegami H, Yamato E, Takekawa K, Nakagawa Y, Hamada Y, Oga T, Ueda H, Shintani M, Fukuda M, Ogihara T (1996). "Association of Trp64Arg mutation of the beta3-adrenergic-receptor with NIDDM and body weight gain". Diabetologia 39 (3): 349–52. doi:10.1007/BF00418352. PMID 8721782. 
  • Higashi K, Ishikawa T, Ito T, Yonemura A, Shige H, Nakamura H (1997). "Association of a genetic variation in the beta 3-adrenergic receptor gene with coronary heart disease among Japanese". Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 232 (3): 728–30. doi:10.1006/bbrc.1997.6339. PMID 9126344. 
  • Hoffstedt J, Poirier O, Thörne A, Lönnqvist F, Herrmann SM, Cambien F, Arner P (1999). "Polymorphism of the human beta3-adrenoceptor gene forms a well-conserved haplotype that is associated with moderate obesity and altered receptor function". Diabetes 48 (1): 203–5. doi:10.2337/diabetes.48.1.203. PMID 9892244. 
  • Halushka MK, Fan JB, Bentley K, Hsie L, Shen N, Weder A, Cooper R, Lipshutz R, Chakravarti A (1999). "Patterns of single-nucleotide polymorphisms in candidate genes for blood-pressure homeostasis". Nat. Genet. 22 (3): 239–47. doi:10.1038/10297. PMID 10391210. 
  • Kimura K, Sasaki N, Asano A, Mizukami J, Kayahashi S, Kawada T, Fushiki T, Morimatsu M, Yoshida T, Saito M (2000). "Mutated human beta3-adrenergic receptor (Trp64Arg) lowers the response to beta3-adrenergic agonists in transfected 3T3-L1 preadipocytes". Horm. Metab. Res. 32 (3): 91–6. doi:10.1055/s-2007-978597. PMID 10786926. 
  • Cao W, Luttrell LM, Medvedev AV, Pierce KL, Daniel KW, Dixon TM, Lefkowitz RJ, Collins S (2001). "Direct binding of activated c-Src to the beta 3-adrenergic receptor is required for MAP kinase activation". J. Biol. Chem. 275 (49): 38131–4. doi:10.1074/jbc.C000592200. PMID 11013230. 
  • Russell ST, Hirai K, Tisdale MJ (2002). "Role of β3-adrenergic receptors in the action of a tumour lipid mobilizing factor". Br. J. Cancer 86 (3): 424–8. doi:10.1038/sj.bjc.6600086. PMC 2375201. PMID 11875710. 

External links[edit]

  • 3-adrenoceptor". IUPHAR Database of Receptors and Ion Channels. International Union of Basic and Clinical Pharmacology.