Beta Chi Theta: Difference between revisions

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{{cquote|We, the brothers of Beta Chi Theta, in order to form a national fraternity based on leadership, cultural consciousness, and most importantly brotherhood, believe in the advancement of one’s self by way of community service, academic preeminence, and perpetual kinship.}}
==National Founding Fathers==
==National Founding Fathers==

Revision as of 02:49, 24 September 2008

Beta Chi Theta
Founded (1999-06-02) June 2, 1999 (age 18)
Type Social
Scope National
Motto "Above All Else, Brotherhood"
Colors Black, Silver, and White
Symbol Rampant Lion with The Knot
Chapters 7 Chapters, 4 Colonies
Headquarters 9663 Santa Monica Blvd Suite 498
Beverly Hills, CA

Balanitis Xerotica Obliterans: Conservative Treatment Options.

Introduction. Balanitis Xerotica Obliterans was first described by Stühmer in 1928 in Germany.1 Balanitis Xerotica Obliterans (BXO) and Lichen Sclerosus et Atrophicus (LSA) are two names for the same disease.2-3,21,32 BXO/LSA is a skin disease of unknown etiology.2 It occurs in both males and females. LSA is the name applied when the disease appears in a female or a male in other than the genital organs. BXO is the name traditionally used when the disease afflicts the male sexual organs. An older name is kraurosis glandii et praeputii penis.2,6 This page is limited to information about the disease in males when it affects the genital organs. For information on the disease in females see Lichen Sclerosus.

BXO is a rare disease that affects only 6 of 1000 males (.6 of 1 percent).21 It can affect males of any age.21 The traditional treatment has been radical circumcision.16 However, many conservative treatment options are now available.

photo Diagnosis. Freeman and Laymon (1941) provide a detailed classic description of the disease:2 BXO is usually distinguished by a ring of hardened tissue with a whitish color at the tip of the foreskin. The hardening of the tissue prevents retraction of the foreskin.23 Immunophenotyping may be useful in differential diagnosis.15 Histologic examination of cutaneous biopsy gives a definite diagnosis.7,8,23,27 If the biopsy rules out BXO as a cause of non-retractile foreskin, then conservative treatment is most likely possible. On the other hand, if the biopsy confirms the presence of BXO, the choice of treatment modality is more difficult.

BXO is a relatively serious disease. It can cause urethral stricture and retention of urine.2 Malignant tumors have (rarely) been reported to develop from BXO.2,23 Meffert et al. provide a recent review of the literature.17 A person with BXO or suspected BXO should be under the care of a medical doctor.

Conventional vs. Conservative treatment. Conventional medical wisdom has stated that BXO is an absolute indication for circumcision.16 However, that treatment modality dates from a time when the prepuce was considered to have no value for the individual. Clearly this is no longer the case. The function and value of the prepuce is now recognized, and protection of the individual from unnecessarily radical surgery is always a doctor's prerogative. Fortunately, researchers have reported some success with conservative therapies for BXO that preserve the prepuce.

Medical treatment. Corticosteroids have been used with varying degrees of success.4,5. Pasieczny reports successful treatment with topical testosterone propionate ointment.7,26 Several authorities report success with clobetasol propionate.14,19,22,24 Shelley and colleagues report successful treatment with antibiotics.25 Depasquale and colleagues, however, recommend radical circumcision, but also suggest mometasone or clobetasol cream as a medical treatment.27 Dewan reports that BXO is successfully treated with topical steroid ointment during the early stages.30 31 Assmann et al. report that tacrolimus ointment is effective for treatment of LSA in women.32 Clinical experience has shown it to be effective against BXO in boys. Ebert et al. report safety and good results with the use with Tacrolimus ointment.38

Surgical treatment. Carbon dioxide (CO2) laser surgery has been used with reported good results.9,10,11,13,20 A carbon dioxide laser is used to vaporize the lesions. Circumcision is the conventional radical surgical treatment but sacrifices the prepuce.8,23,24,26,27

Conclusion. There still seems to a wide range of opinion on the best treatment modalities for BXO. The cause is still unknown, although Shelley et al. hypothesize spirochete infection.24 More research is needed. Now, however, there is a good possibility of successful treatment without radical circumcision.29

The trend today seems to be for greater use of medical treatment and less use of radical surgery in the treatment of n BXO.

Library holdings are indexed in approximate chronological order of publication.


National Founding Fathers

  • Abu Abraham
  • Hashu Datwani
  • Samir Khandhar
  • Ankur Kumar
  • Ashish Nagdev
  • Ankur Parikh
  • Roshan Patel
  • Ali Zhumkhawala


Beta Chi Theta actively seeks to promote Service to Humanity through active engangement with the local communities of its respective chapters. Many local chapters host "service weeks" in efforts to focus energies on a particular problem of interest to the local chapter. Some of the causes supported by the fraternity's chapters include:

  • Cancer Awareness (University of Oklahoma)
  • Breast Cancer Awareness (University of California San Diego)
  • Heart Disease Awareness (University of Texas at Austin)
  • Isha Education (Vanderbilt University)
  • Nashville Rape and Sexual Abuse Center (Vanderbilt University)

In addition, Beta Chi Theta has accumulated over 14,000 hours of documented community service.[[1]]


"Above all else, Brotherhood"

North-American Interfraternity Conference

  • On April 23rd, 2006, Beta Chi Theta became the first and only nationally recognized South Asian fraternity through its acceptance of membership into the North-American Interfraternity Conference (NIC). Additionally, at seven years of age, it is also the youngest fraternity ever to become a member of the NIC.[citation needed]
  • All chapters and colonies of the fraternity are either members of their host institution's Inter-Fraternity Council (IFC) or are currently pursuing membership.


Active Chapters

Active Colonies

External links