Betchworth railway station

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Betchworth National Rail
Betchworth Station House 14-06-07.JPG
Location
PlaceBetchworth
Local authorityMole Valley
Grid referenceTQ210512
Operations
Station codeBTO
Managed byGreat Western Railway
Number of platforms2
DfT categoryF2
Live arrivals/departures, station information and onward connections
from National Rail Enquiries
Annual rail passenger usage*
2013/14Decrease 18,620
2014/15Decrease 16,446
2015/16Increase 16,640
2016/17Decrease 15,232
2017/18Decrease 14,972
History
Key datesOpened 4 July 1849 (4 July 1849)
Original companyReading, Guildford and Reigate Railway
Pre-groupingSouth Eastern Railway
Post-groupingSouthern Railway
National RailUK railway stations
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
* Annual estimated passenger usage based on sales of tickets in stated financial year(s) which end or originate at Betchworth from Office of Rail and Road statistics. Methodology may vary year on year.
170433 at Edinburgh Waverley.JPG UK railways portal

Betchworth railway station serves the village of Betchworth in Surrey, England. It is on the North Downs Line, 27 miles 17 chains (43.79 km) measured from London Charing Cross via Redhill. All trains serving it are operated by Great Western Railway.

History[edit]

The station was opened in 1849 by the Reading, Guildford and Reigate Railway, which became part of the South Eastern Railway in 1852. It is 27 miles 17 chains (43.8 km) from Charing Cross, and has two platforms; platform 1 is long enough for a four-coach train, but platform 2 can accommodate seven coaches.[1]

Services[edit]

The typical off-peak service on the North Downs Line is one train every two hours in each direction between Reading and Redhill (extended to Gatwick Airport on Sundays).[2]

Preceding station National Rail National Rail Following station
Dorking Deepdene   Great Western Railway
North Downs Line
  Reigate

Betchworth Quarry Railways[edit]

The station was particularly significant for its connection with the Betchworth Quarry railways, which were built to serve the Dorking Greystone Lime Company's three pits north of the station.

The quarry railways had four different track gauges. The standard gauge part had a junction with the main line that passed close to Betchworth station, before reversing to run to the Eastern and Southern Kiln Batteries. A 3 ft 2 14 in (972 mm) gauge railway system began there and primarily served the quarry with lines diverging to the Main, Upper Western Whitestone and Eastern Greystone Pits. The other gauges serving the works were the 19 in (483 mm) gauge line that ran from a standard gauge siding to the Hearthstone Mine, and a short 2 ft (610 mm) gauge section of track that ran exclusively between the Eastern and Southern Kiln Batteries.

The first engine to shunt on the standard gauge portion, Engine No. 1 of 1871, was unofficially named The Coffeepot. It is now preserved at Beamish Museum in County Durham. Another, Captain Baxter was renamed simply Baxter in 1947, the last engine ever to work the line, and the Rev. W.V. Awdry featured it in his book Stepney the "Bluebell" Engine. Baxter is preserved on the Bluebell Railway and was returned to traffic for that railway's 50th anniversary.

Two 3 ft 2 14 in (972 mm) gauge locomotives were also preserved. Townsend Hook, is at Amberley Chalk Pits Museum, undergoing reconstruction (as of October 2010) to become a static exhibit.[3] William Finlay, the sister engine of Townsend Hook, is preserved in private ownership.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Yonge, John (November 2008) [1994]. Jacobs, Gerald (ed.). Railway Track Diagrams 5: Southern & TfL (3rd ed.). Bradford on Avon: Trackmaps. map 24B. ISBN 978-0-9549866-4-3.
  2. ^ GB eNRT May 2016 Edition, Table 148 (Network Rail)
  3. ^ "Townsend Hook cosmetic restoration". Amberley Museum & Heritage Centre. October 2010. Retrieved 7 April 2013.

Coordinates: 51°14′53″N 0°16′01″W / 51.248°N 0.267°W / 51.248; -0.267