Beth Yaacov Synagogue (Madrid, Spain)
Jews began to return to Spain in the nineteenth century, long after the execution and movement of Catholicism throughout the entirety of Spain and established a synagogue in Madrid in 1917. After the Republican government was defeated by Franco’s forces in the Spanish Civil War (1936-39), Catholicism was proclaimed the official State religion and the synagogues were closed. A number of Jewish families arrived after the 1956 antisemitic violence in Morocco, and soon established informal house synagogues.
The present synagogue was built in 1968, after passage of the "Religious Freedom Law" of 1967.
- Synagogues of Europe; Architecture, History, Meaning, Carole Herselle Krinsky, MIT Press, 1985; revised edition, MIT Press, 1986; Dover reprint, 1996, p. 338
- Linda Jimenez Glassman Jewish Madrid: where to find a synagogue, a kosher restaurant.... Archived December 1, 2008, at the Wayback Machine., European Jewish Press, 3 August 2008
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