Bethabara Historic District
Bethabara Historic District
|Location||North of Winston-Salem on NC 67, near Winston-Salem, North Carolina|
|Area||41 acres (17 ha)|
|NRHP reference No.||78001948|
|Added to NRHP||November 15, 1978|
|Designated NHLD||January 20, 1999|
Bethabara Historic District encompasses the surviving buildings and archaeological remains of a small Moravian community, that was first settled in 1753. Located in present-day Forsyth County, North Carolina, it is now a public park of the city of Winston-Salem. It was designated National Historic Landmark in 1999. Around the Mid 1990s a new expressway was built to help those going to Stanleyville and surrounding areas without going through Bethabara Road.
Bethabara (from the Hebrew, meaning "House of Passage" and pronounced beth-ab-bra, the name of the traditional site of the Baptism of Jesus Christ) was a village located in what is now Forsyth County, North Carolina. It was the site where twelve men from the Moravian Church first settled in 1753 in an abandoned cabin in the 100,000-acre (400 km2) tract of land the church had purchased from Lord Granville and dubbed Wachovia.
Its early settlers were noted for advanced agricultural practices, especially their medicine Garden, which produced over fifty kinds of herbs.
Bethabara was never meant to be a permanent settlement. It was intended to house the Moravians until a more suitable location for a central village could be found. Just six months after arriving in Wachovia, the Seven Years' War (known as the French and Indian War in America) began in western Pennsylvania. The violence quickly spread to southwestern Virginia and western North Carolina. Bethabara hosted a large number of refugees until 1761. The establishment of a central town was delayed for thirteen years because of the growing Moravian population and hundreds of refugees.
Once it was felt safe to do so in 1766, the central town Salem was begun. Many of the buildings in Bethabara were dismantled, and used for the new structures in Salem. As the houses were taken down, the small rootcellars were pushed in and filled.
With Salem completed in 1771, the official seat of government was transferred from Bethabara to Salem. Only a few residents remained behind. Bethabara became a farming community which supplied food to the other Moravians towns in Wachovia.
In 1788, an enslaved person slave, Johann Samuel, was made superintendent of the farm. He was freed in 1801, after 50 years of servitude to the Moravians. Bethabara continued to decline. The principal industries were farming and pottery, well into the 1850s.
Historic Bethabara Park
Today, what remains of the village, including the excavated foundations of the original buildings, the restored Gemeinhaus (the Bethabara Moravian Church), and the reconstructed palisade and colonial gardens, is part of Historic Bethabara Park. The site was excavated by noted historical archaeologist Stanley South in the 1960s. The 183-acre (0.74 km2) park and wildlife preserve is located in Winston-Salem and is operated by the City of Winston-Salem Recreation & Parks Department as an open-air museum. The site also features 20 miles (32 km) of nature trails.
There are frequent festivals and reenactments on the weekends, such as the Independence Weekend Celebration held the weekend prior to or during Independence Day.
- Bethania, North Carolina
- List of National Historic Landmarks in North Carolina
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Forsyth County, North Carolina
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. January 23, 2007.
- "Bethabara". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Archived from the original on 2009-06-20. Retrieved 2008-02-25.
- Mark R. Barnes; John Clauser; William J. Murtagh; Rod Myer & Michael O. Hartley (June 3, 1998). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: Bethabara / Bethabara Historic District" (pdf). National Park Service. Cite journal requires
|journal=(help) and Accompanying 24 photos, from 1995 (32 KB)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bethabara Historic District.|
- Historic Bethabara Park
- Historic American Buildings Survey (HABS) No. NC-12-C-4, "Bethabara Moravian Church, 2147 Bethabara Road (State Route 1681), Old Town, Forsyth County, NC", 8 photos, 7 measured drawings, 4 data pages
- Historic American Buildings Survey (HABS) No. NC-193, "Bethabara Parsonage, U.S. Route 421, Old Town, Forsyth County, NC", 7 photos, 5 measured drawings, 6 data pages