Bethabara Historic District

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For the Biblical location where John the Baptist baptized those who came to him, see Bethabara.
Bethabara Historic District
Bethabara Moravian Church, 2147 Bethabara Road (State Route 1681), Old Town (Forsyth County, North Carolina).jpg
Bethabara Moravian Church in 1934
Bethabara Historic District is located in North Carolina
Bethabara Historic District
Bethabara Historic District is located in the US
Bethabara Historic District
Location North of Winston-Salem on NC 67, near Winston-Salem, North Carolina
Coordinates 36°9′16″N 80°17′55″W / 36.15444°N 80.29861°W / 36.15444; -80.29861Coordinates: 36°9′16″N 80°17′55″W / 36.15444°N 80.29861°W / 36.15444; -80.29861
Area 41 acres (17 ha)
Built 1753
NRHP Reference # 78001948
Significant dates
Added to NRHP November 15, 1978[1]
Designated NHLD January 20, 1999[2]

Bethabara Historic District encompasses the surviving buildings and archaeological remains of a small Moravian community, that was first settled in 1753. Located in present-day Forsyth County, North Carolina, it is now a public park of the city of Winston-Salem. It was designated National Historic Landmark in 1999.

History[edit]

Bethabara (from the Hebrew, meaning "House of Passage" and pronounced beth-ab-bra, the name of the traditional site of the Baptism of Jesus Christ) was a village located in what is now Forsyth County, North Carolina. It was the site where eleven men from the Moravian Church first settled in 1753 in an abandoned cabin in the 100,000-acre (400 km2) tract of land the church had purchased from Lord Granville and dubbed Wachovia.

Its early settlers were noted for advanced agricultural practices, especially their medicine Garden, which produced over fifty kinds of herbs.

Although later parties of Moravians joined the first eleven, including women and children, Bethabara was never meant to be a permanent settlement. It was intended to house the Moravians until a more suitable location for their central village could be found. In 1771, that place was completed: Salem. Many of the settlers moved to Salem, and Bethabara became an outlying farm to supply the residents of Salem and other Moravian villages with food.

In 1788, a slave, Johann Samuel, was named superintendent of the farm; he was freed in 1801, though he continued to rent the land from the church. However, the village of Bethabara, as it existed, was no longer needed, and it fell into disuse. The original buildings collapsed, and their foundations were filled in to make more farm land. Only the church and a few other buildings continued in regular use.

Historic Bethabara Park[edit]

Excavated cellar of the 1762 Smith's House.
Log house, c. 1815-16 in Historic Bethabara.

Today, what remains of the village, including the excavated foundations of the original buildings, the restored Gemeinhaus (the Bethabara Moravian Church), and the reconstructed palisade and colonial gardens, is part of Historic Bethabara Park. The 183-acre (0.74 km2) park and wildlife preserve is located in Winston-Salem and is operated by the City of Winston-Salem Recreation & Parks Department as an open-air museum. The site also features 20 miles (32 km) of nature trails.

There are frequent festivals and reenactments on the weekends, such as the Independence Weekend Celebration held the weekend prior to or during Independence Day.

Bethabara Moravian Church also known as the Gemeinhaus

The Bethabara site was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1999. The Gemeinhaus was separately listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1971.[2][3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ National Park Service (2007-01-23). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  2. ^ a b "Bethabara". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-02-25. 
  3. ^ Mark R. Barnes; John Clauser; William J. Murtagh; Rod Myer & Michael O. Hartley (June 3, 1998). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: Bethabara / Bethabara Historic District" (pdf). National Park Service.  and Accompanying 24 photos, from 1995 (32 KB)

External links[edit]