Bethania, Queensland

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Bethania
Logan CityQueensland
Bethania sign.jpg
Albert Street, 2014
Population4,590 (2011 census)[1]
 • Density791/km2 (2,050/sq mi)
Postcode(s)4205
Area5.8 km2 (2.2 sq mi)
Location30 km (19 mi) from Brisbane CBD
LGA(s)Logan City
State electorate(s)Waterford
Federal Division(s)Forde
Suburbs around Bethania:
Loganlea Meadowbrook Tanah Merah
Loganlea Bethania Loganholme
Waterford West Waterford Edens Landing

Bethania is a suburb of Logan City, Queensland, Australia.[2] It is situated on the main Beenleigh railway line and lies south of the Logan River. The lower lying areas near the river occasionally suffer floods.[3]

A separate branch railway leaves the South Coast railway line at Bethania and runs to Beaudesert. It has been out of commission since August 2004.

Demographics[edit]

The Logan River and lower grazing lands prone to floods seen from Meadowbrook, 2013

In the 2011 census, Bethania recorded a population of 4,590 people, 53.3% female and 46.7% male.[1] The median age of the Bethania population was 41 years, 4 years above the national median of 37.[1] 68.7% of people living in Bethania were born in Australia. The other top responses for country of birth were England 6.6%, New Zealand 6%, Scotland 1.4%, Philippines 0.9%, Germany 0.9%.[1] 86.9% of people spoke only English at home; the next most common languages were 0.8% Spanish, 0.5% German, 0.5% Hindi, 0.4% Tagalog, 0.3% Samoan.[1]

History[edit]

Bethania Lutheran Church and bell tower, 2005

Bethania was founded by Germans during the 1860s and is home to many different nationalities. By 1866 a small township had developed. It is believed the name is derived from Bethany, the biblical village in Israel.[2][4]

A Lutheran church was built in 1864 made from slabs on what is now the railway line. A cemetery was established beside the church with graves from 1866. In 1872 the present church was built close to the first church (27°41′29″S 153°09′41″E / 27.691361°S 153.161392°E / -27.691361; 153.161392 (Bethania Lutheran Church)). The road to the church became known as Church Road.[5]

The first railway bridge was destroyed by flood in 1887. A new concrete, steel and timber bridge lasted until 1972 when it was replaced by a pre-stressed concrete bridge.[4]

The suburb was affected badly by the 1974 Brisbane flood. Duck Island became part of the suburb when part of the river was silted up.[4] Sand and gravel has been mined from the alluvial deposits in recent years.

Heritage listing[edit]

Bethania has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:

Education[edit]

Bethania has one school, Bethania Lutheran Primary School, which opened on 27 January 1976.[6]

Transport[edit]

Bethania railway station provides access to regular Queensland Rail City network services to Brisbane and Beenleigh.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Bethania (State Suburb)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 29 April 2013. Edit this at Wikidata
  2. ^ a b "Bethania (entry 47854)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 16 April 2014.
  3. ^ "Natural Hazard (Flood) Management Areas - Overlay Map OM17-1" (PDF). Gold Coast City Council. 2008. Archived (PDF) from the original on 5 December 2017. Retrieved 5 December 2017.
  4. ^ a b c Howells, Mary (2003). Logan River Tinnie Trail. Logan City Council. pp. 42, 70–72. ISBN 0975051903.
  5. ^ a b "Bethania Lutheran Church (entry 600002)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 10 July 2013.
  6. ^ "Opening and closing dates of Queensland Schools". Queensland Government. Retrieved 16 April 2014.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 27°41′S 153°10′E / 27.683°S 153.167°E / -27.683; 153.167