Bethesda Meeting House
Front elevation, 2008
|Location||9400 Wisconsin Ave., Bethesda, Maryland|
|Area||0 acres (0 ha)|
|Architectural style||Greek Revival, Queen Anne, Other|
|NRHP reference #||78003557|
|Added to NRHP||July 17, 1978|
The Bethesda Meeting House (BMH) is a historic Presbyterian church complex located at Bethesda, Montgomery County, Maryland, USA. Its name became the namesake of the entire surrounding community in the 1870s. It is situated on Maryland Route 355 (known as Rockville Pike at this point) just inside the Capital Beltway.
The BMH property includes the 1850 meeting house itself, the mid-late 19th century parsonage to the south, and the associated cemetery. The church is a large, wood-frame structure built in the Greek Revival "temple" form, although it features Gothic-style windows throughout. To the south of the church is a two-story frame Victorian parsonage built on a cruciform plan, with some Queen Anne-style embellishments.
The church was constructed on the foundation of an 1820 Presbyterian church which burned down in 1849. It served as the Bethesda Presbyterian Church from 1850 until 1925 when the congregation decided to erect a new church on Wilson Lane, farther south in Bethesda. When the church moved to its new location in 1925, the trustees sold the building and 7 acres (2.8 ha) of land to Mrs. May Fitch Kelley. The Presbyterian congregation, however, retained ownership of the cemetery.
Mrs. Kelley lived in the church building for many years. In 1945, the property was sold to a French Algerian Catholic missionary group called the Missionaries of Africa, commonly known as the White Fathers. In the 1950s, the property was transferred again, this time to the trustees of the Temple Hill Baptist Church.
- The community of Bethesda was named in 1871 by the postmaster, Robert Franck, after the BMH. After nearly 10 years of lobbying efforts, Rev. Edward Henry Cumpston (pastor of BMH) convinced Mr. Franck to change the name of the post office from "Darcy's Store" to "Bethesda" in 1871.
- The BMH was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1977.
- National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- Rev. and Mrs. William B. Allen and Michael Dwyer (August 1976). "National Register of Historic Places Registration: Bethesda Meeting House" (PDF). Maryland Historical Trust. Retrieved 2016-01-01.
- Offutt, William; Sween, Jane (1999). Montgomery County: Centuries of Change. American Historical Press. pp. 161–162.
- The Spirit of Captain John, by Eugene and Edythe Clark, Carlton Press, New York, NY, 1970
- Old Bethesda by Dorce Germaine Holman and Not So Old, by Gertrude D. Bradley, Franklin Press, Gaithersburg, MD, 1956
- Bethesda: A Social History, by William M Offutt, The Innovation Game, Bethesda, MD, 1995
- Bethesda Meeting House, Montgomery County, Inventory No.: M: 35-5, including photo in 1974, at Maryland Historical Trust website
- Bethesda Meeting House[permanent dead link], history of Bethesda Meeting House at allBethesda.com
- Bethesda Presbyterian Church