April 29, 1927 |
St. Louis, Missouri
|Fields||Plasma physics, engineering|
|Alma mater||Wellesley College and Tuebingen|
|Children||Ruth, David, Paul, Martha|
Betsy Ancker-Johnson (born April 29, 1927) is an American plasma physicist. She is known for her research into instabilities that can occur in plasmas in solids, and for her invention of a gigacycle range signal generator using semiconductor materials in magnetic and electric fields. She was the first woman Presidential appointee in the U.S. Department of Commerce. She is the fourth woman elected to the National Academy of Engineering.
Early life and education
She earned a bachelor's degree with high honors in physics from Wellesley College in 1949, and was a part of Phi Beta Kappa. She earned her Ph.D. from Tuebingen University, Germany, graduating magnum cum laude in 1953.
After graduate school, Ancker-Johnson was a Junior Research Physicist and lecturer at Berkeley before working at Sylvania Electric Products and the David Sarnoff Research Center at the Radio Corporation of America. She was an affiliate professor of electrical engineering at the University of Washington from 1961 to 1973. During that time, she was also a research specialist at the plasma physics lab of Boeing Science Research Laboratories where she rose to supervisor and manager of Solid State and Plasma Electronics and Advanced Energy Systems, respectively. Ancker-Johnson was also a visiting scientist at Bell Labs during this period.
In 1973 Ancker-Johnson became the Assistant Secretary for Science and Technology, the first woman appointed by the President to the US Department of Commerce. After that appointment, Ancker-Johnson became the associate Laboratory Director of Physics Research at Argonne National Laboratory before she became the first woman vice-president in the automotive industry as the Vice-President of General Motors' Environmental Activities Staff. While working there, Ancker-Johnson was a lecturer in the Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science at UC Berkeley.
Ancker-Johnson has published over 70 scientific papers and patents.
Betsy Ancker-Johnson married Hal Johnson and had four children: Ruth, David, Paul, and Martha.
Honors and awards
- Fellow, National Academy of Engineering (1975)
- Fellow, American Physical Society
- Fellow, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
- Member, Society of Automotive Engineers
- "Betsy Ancker-Johnson". Contributions of 20th Century Women to Physics. UCLA. Retrieved March 13, 2012.
- "Inventor of the Week Archive". MIT. January 2005. Retrieved March 13, 2012.
- Wayne, Tiffany K. (2011-01-01). American Women of Science Since 1900. ABC-CLIO. ISBN 9781598841589.
- "Betsy Ancker-Johnson". Lemelson-MIT.
- "Mothers and Daughters of Invention: Notes for a Revised History of Technology" By Autumn Stanley Rutgers University Press, 1995
- "American Women Managers and Administrators: A Selective Biographical Dictionary of Twentieth-Century Leaders in Business, Education, and Government" Judith A. Leavitt Greenwood Publishing Group, 1985