The bettongs are species of the genus Bettongia, sometimes referred to as rat-kangaroos. Four extant species are recognised:
- Eastern bettong, Bettongia gaimardi, also known as the Tasmanian bettong
- Boodie, Bettongia lesueur
- Woylie, Bettongia penicillata
- Northern bettong, Bettongia tropica
In addition, at least two extinct species are known:
- Bettongia moyesi, Middle Miocene bettong from Riversleigh
- Nullarbor dwarf bettong, †Bettongia pusilla, known only from the fossil record
The rufous rat-kangaroo (Aepyprymnus rufescens) is sometimes referred to as a bettong (rufous bettong), but this is not strictly correct.
- Groves, C.P. (2005). Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M., eds. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 57–58. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. OCLC 62265494.
- Flannery, T.F. and Archer, M, 1987. Bettongia moyesi, a new and plesiomorphic kangaroo (Marsupialia: Potoridae) from Miocene sediments of northwestern Queensland. ‘Possums and Opossums: Studies in Evolution’, Pp.759–67. ed. M. Archer. Surrey Beatty & Sons and the Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales, Sydney pdf
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