Frances Elizabeth ("Betty") Allan (1905–1952) was an Australian statistician. She was known as the first statistician at CSIRO, as "the effective founder of the CSIRO Division of Mathematics and Statistics", and for her advocacy of biometrics.
Allan was born on 11 July 1905 in St Kilda, Victoria; her parents wer both journalists with The Argus, and she was one of four sisters. As a schoolgirl, she attended the Melbourne Church of England Girls' Grammar School. She studied mathematics at the University of Melbourne, earning a bachelor's degree in 1926 and a master's in 1928 for her work with John Henry Michell on solitary waves on liquid-liquid interfaces. She traveled on a scholarship to Newnham College, Cambridge, where she worked with Ronald Fisher and John Wishart on agricultural statistics.
Returning to Australia in 1930, she became a biometrician in the Division of Plant Industry of CSIRO. While at CSIRO, she also taught at Canberra University College and the Australian Forestry School. In 1935, she helped found the Australian Institute of Agricultural Science. In 1940 she married CSIRO botanist Patrick Joseph Calvert, and was forced to retire by the laws of the time, which banned married women from public service. She died on 6 August 1952 in Canberra.
The Betty Allan Data Centre of CSIRO's Queensland Centre for Advanced Technologies is named after her.
- "Frances Elizabeth (Betty) Allan [1905-1952]", CSIROpedia, retrieved 2019-06-15
- McCarthy, G. J. (26 March 2007), "Allan, Frances Elizabeth (Betty) (1905 - 1952)", Encyclopedia of Australian Science
- Heyde, C. C. (1993), "Allan, Frances Elizabeth (Betty) (1905–1952)", Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 13, Melbourne University Press – via National Centre of Biography, Australian National University
- Clarke, Patricia (21 February 2013), "Allan, Frances Elizabeth (1905 - 1952)", Australian Women's Register, The National Foundation for Australian Women and University of Melbourne