Betty Ong

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Betty Ong
鄧月薇
Betty Ann Ong.jpg
Betty Ann Ong
Born
Betty Ann Ong

(1956-02-05)February 5, 1956
DiedSeptember 11, 2001(2001-09-11) (aged 45)
Cause of deathPlane crash following terrorist hijacking
OccupationFlight attendant
Known foralerting American Airlines staff of Flight 11's hijacking
Betty Ong
Traditional Chinese鄧月薇
Simplified Chinese邓月薇

Betty Ann Ong[1] (Chinese: 鄧月薇; February 5, 1956 – September 11, 2001[2]) was an American flight attendant aboard American Airlines Flight 11, the first airplane hijacked during the September 11 attacks.[3] Ong was the first person to alert authorities to the hijackings taking place that day.[1] Shortly after the hijacking, Ong notified the American Airlines ground crew of the hijacking, staying on the radiophone for 25 minutes to relay vital information that led to the closing of airspace by the FAA, a first in United States history.[4] For this, the 9/11 Commission declared Ong a hero.[5]

Personal life[edit]

Betty Ann Ong[6] was born on February 5, 1956 in San Francisco. She was of Kaiping descent, a branch of Sze Yup Cantonese (Taishanese),[7][2][8] and had two sisters,[9] one of whom was named Cathie,[10] and a brother named Harry. Among her hobbies as an adult was collecting Beanie Babies.[9]

Ong was engaged to Robert Landrum.[11]

Flight 11 and death[edit]

On September 11, 2001, Ong assigned herself to Flight 11, so she could return to Los Angeles and go on vacation to Hawaii with her sister. During the hijacking, she used a telephone card to call American Airlines' operations/Raleigh reservations center, from the plane's rear galley; identified herself and alerted the supervisor that the aircraft had been hijacked. Along with fellow flight attendant Madeline Amy Sweeney, she relayed a report of the seat numbers of three hijackers. During her Airfone call, she reported that none of the crew could contact the cockpit nor open its door; that passenger Daniel M. Lewin, and two flight attendants, Karen Martin and Bobbi Arestegui, had been stabbed; and that she thought someone had sprayed Mace in the business class cabin.[12][13][14] At the time of her death, Ong lived in Andover, Massachusetts.[2]

Phone call[edit]

Transcript of the 8-minute 26-second conversation between Ong, American Airlines' operations/Raleigh reservations, Nydia Gonzalez (Operations Specialist on duty on September 11) and American Airlines' emergency line,[15] beginning with Ong in mid-sentence, her voice audible only during its first four minutes:[16]

Phone conversation

Betty Ong: [I'm] Number 3 in the back. The cockpit's not answering. Somebody's stabbed in business class and—I think there's mace—that we can't breathe. I don't know, I think we're getting hijacked.

Male Voice: Which flight are you on?

Betty Ong: Flight 12. [Note: This is incorrect. The correct number is Flight 11.]

Operator: And what seat are you in? Ma'am, are you there?

Betty Ong: Yes.

Male Voice: What seat are you in?

Female Voice: Ma'am, what seat are you in?

Betty Ong: We're—just left Boston, we're up in the air.

Female Voice: I know, what—

Betty Ong: We're supposed to go to LA and the cockpit's not answering their phone.

Female Voice: Okay, but what seat are you sitting in? What's the number of your seat?

Betty Ong: Okay, I'm in my jump seat right now.

Female Voice: Okay.

Betty Ong: At 3R.

Female Voice: Okay.

Male Voice: Okay, you're the flight attendant? I'm sorry, did you say you're the flight attendant?

Betty Ong: Hello?

Female Voice: Yes, hello.

Male Voice: What is your name?

Betty Ong: Hi, you're going to have to speak up, I can't hear you.

Male Voice: Sure. What is your name?

Betty Ong: Okay, my name is Betty Ong. I'm number 3 on Flight 11.

Male Voice: Okay.

Betty Ong: And the cockpit is not answering their phone, and there's somebody stabbed in business class, and there's—we can't breathe in business class. Some-body's got mace or something.

Winston Sadler: Can you describe the person that you said—someone is what in business class?

Betty Ong: I'm sitting in the back. Somebody's coming back from business. If you can hold on for one second, they're coming back.

Winston Sadler: Certainly.

(At this point, Betty is heard speaking to another flight attendant.)

Betty Ong (Speaking to a flight attendant): They want to know who's being stabbed who. You know?

Unidentified flight attendant: I don't know, but Karen and Bobbi got stabbed.

(Betty's conversation continues)

Betty Ong: Okay. Our number 1 got stabbed. Our purser is stabbed. Nobody knows who stabbed who, and we can't even get up to business class right now 'cause nobody can breathe. Our number 1 is stabbed right now. And who else is?

Winston Sadler: Okay, and do we—

Betty Ong: And our number 5—our first class passengers are—galley flight attendant and our purser has been stabbed. And we can't get into the cockpit, the door won't open. Hello?

Winston Sadler: Yeah, I'm taking it down. All the information. We're also, you know, of course, recording this. At this point—

Nydia Gonzalez: This is Operations. What flight number are we talking about?

Winston Sadler: Flight 12.

Nydia Gonzalez: Flight 12? Okay. I'm getting—

Betty Ong: No. We're on Flight 11 right now. This is Flight 11.

Male Voice: It's Flight 11, I'm sorry Nydia.

Betty Ong: Boston to Los Angeles.

Male Voice: Yes.

Betty Ong: Our number 1 has been stabbed and our 5 has been stabbed. Can anybody get up to the cockpit? Can anybody get up to the cockpit? Okay. We can't even get into the cockpit. We don't know who's up there.

Male Voice: Well, if they were shrewd they would keep the door closed and—

Betty Ong: I'm sorry?

Male Voice: Would they not maintain a sterile cockpit?

Betty Ong: I think the guys are up there. They might have gone there—jammed the way up there, or something. Nobody can call the cockpit. We can't even get inside. Is anybody still there?

Male Voice: Yes, we're still here.

Female Voice: Okay.

Betty Ong: I'm staying on the line as well.

Male Voice: Okay.

Nydia Gonzalez: Hi, who is calling reservations? Is this one of the flight attendants, or who? Who are you, hon?

Male Voice: She gave her name as Betty Ong.

Betty Ong: Yeah, I'm number 3. I'm number 3 on this flight, and we're the first—

Nydia Gonzalez: You're number 3 on this flight?

Betty Ong: Yes and I have—

Nydia Gonzalez: And this is Flight 11? From where to where?

Betty Ong: Flight 11.

Nydia Gonzalez: Have you guys called anyone else?

Betty Ong: No. Somebody's calling medical and we can't get a doc—

With that, the portion of the tape played at the commission hearing ended. Then, the commission heard a recording of a second phone call, the call Nydia Gonzales placed to American Airlines' emergency line. Gonzalez was still on the phone with Betty Ong as well. She relayed what Ong was telling her to the emergency operator.

Male Voice: American Airlines emergency line, please state your emergency.

Nydia Gonzalez: Hey, this is Nydia at American Airlines calling. I am monitoring a call in which Flight 11—the flight attendant is advising our reps that the pilot, everyone's been stabbed.

Male Voice: Flight 11?

Nydia Gonzalez: Yep. They can't get into the cockpit is what I'm hearing.

Male Voice: Okay. Who is this I'm talking to?

Nydia Gonzalez: Excuse me. This is Nydia, American Airlines at the Raleigh Reservation Center. I'm the operations specialist on duty.

Male Voice: And I'm sorry, what was your name again?

Nydia Gonzalez: Nydia.

Male Voice: Nydia. And what's your last name?

Nydia Gonzalez: Gonzalez — G-o-n-z-a-l-e-z.

Male Voice: (Inaudible)—Raleigh Reservations. Okay, now when you—

Nydia Gonzalez: I've got the flight attendant on the line with one of our agents.

Male Voice: Okay. And she's calling how?

Nydia Gonzalez: Through reservations. I can go in on the line and ask the flight attendant questions.

Male Voice: Okay. I'm assuming they've declared an emergency. Let me get ATC on here. Stand by.

Nydia Gonzalez: Have you guys gotten any contact with anybody? Okay, I'm still on with security, okay, Betty? You're doing a great job, just stay calm. Okay? We are, absolutely.

Male Voice: Okay, we're contacting the flight crew now and we're, we're also contacting ATC.

Nydia Gonzalez: Okay. It seems like the passengers in coach might not be aware of what's going on right now.

Male Voice: These two passengers were from first class?

Nydia Gonzalez: Okay, hold on. Hey Betty, do you know any information as far as the gents—the men that are in the cockpit with the pilots, were they from first class? They were sitting in 2A and B.

Male Voice: Okay.

Nydia Gonzalez: They are in the cockpit with the pilots.

Male Voice: Who's helping them, is there a doctor on board?

Nydia Gonzalez: Is there a doctor on board, Betty, that's assisting you guys? You don't have any doctors on board. Okay. So you've gotten all the first class passengers out of first class?

Male Voice: Have they taken anyone out of first class?

Nydia Gonzalez: Yeah, she's just saying that they have. They're in coach. What's going on, honey? Okay, the aircraft is erratic again. Flying very erratically. She did say that all the first class passengers have been moved back to coach, so the first class cabin is empty. What's going on your end?

Male Voice: We contacted Air Traffic Control, they are going to handle this as a confirmed hijacking, so they're moving all the traffic out of this aircraft's way.

Nydia Gonzalez: Okay.

Male Voice: He turned his transponder off, so we don't have a definitive altitude for him. We're just going by—they seem to think that they have him on a primary radar. They seem to think that he is descending.

Nydia Gonzalez: Okay.

Male Voice: Okay, Nydia?

Nydia Gonzalez: Yes dear, I'm here.

Male Voice: Okay, I have a dispatcher currently taking the current fuel on board.

Nydia Gonzalez: Uh, huh.

Male Voice: And we're going to run some profiles.

Nydia Gonzalez: Okay.

Male Voice: To see exactly what his endurance is.

Nydia Gonzalez: Okay.

Male Voice: Did she—

Nydia Gonzalez: She doesn't have any idea who the other passenger might be in first. Apparently they might have sprayed something so it's—they're having a hard time breathing or getting in that area.

(Plane struck World Trade Center)

Nydia Gonzalez: What's going on, Betty? Betty, talk to me. Betty, are you there? Betty? (Inaudible.)

Nydia Gonzalez: Okay, so we'll like—we'll stay open. We—I think we might have lost her.[15]

Legacy[edit]

Ong's name is located on Panel N-74 of the National September 11 Memorial's North Pool, along with those of other passengers of Flight 11.[2]

On September 21, 2001, some 200 members of the Chinese American community in San Francisco gathered in a small park to pay tribute to Ong. Mayor of San Francisco Willie Brown, who was present, gave a proclamation honoring the people who died in the tragedy and called September 21 "Betty Ong Day".[17]

In 2002, Ong, Sweeney and Flight 11 Captain John Ogonowski were the inaugural recipients of the Madeline Amy Sweeney Award for Civilian Bravery,[18][19] an honor that the Government of Massachusetts instituted to award annually at least one Massachusetts resident for displaying extraordinary courage in defending or saving the lives of others.[20]

In March 2002, Ong's remains were recovered from Ground Zero and identified.[21] She was cremated and her ashes were buried at Cypress Lawn Memorial Park in Colma, California.[5][22]

In 2011, the recreation center in San Francisco's Chinatown where she had played as a child was renamed in her honor, as the Betty Ann Ong Chinese Recreation Center.[23][24][25]

Ong's name is located on Panel N-74 of the National September 11 Memorial's North Pool, along with those of other passengers of Flight 11.[2]

Ong is memorialized on Gold Mountain, a mural dedicated to Chinese contributions to American history on Romolo Place in North Beach, a street where she used to skateboard and play as a child.[26]

The Betty Ann Ong Foundation was founded to honor Ong's interest in the welfare of children, by providing, in the words of board member David Huff, "training and guidance on nutrition, health, physical activities, leadership skills, critical thinking skills, planning, group and team activities, and community awareness and cohesiveness". Among its activities are contributions to groups including the Bakersfield Police Activities League and Betty Ann Ong Chinese Recreation Center in San Francisco's Chinatown.[27] In March 2013, The foundation publicly opposed the decision of the Transportation Security Administration[10] to allow knives with blades up to 2.36 inches long back onto aircraft for the first time since the 9/11 attacks.[28] Ong's sister, Cathie Ong-Herrera, speaking as the president and CEO of the foundation, stated, "The horrific events that took place on the morning of September 11, 2001 began with the takeover of American Airlines Flight 11. Terrorists took control of the aircraft by first fatally stabbing two flight attendants with box-cutters. My sister, flight attendant Betty Ann Ong, along with the entire flight crew and passengers were murdered. There are no words to describe the gut-wrenching pain and grief our family has experienced—things that no other family should ever have to endure. I support the Coalition of Flight Attendant Unions' position to reverse the TSA's decision to allow knives and other dangerous objects on aircraft because it's about everyone's safety."[10] The foundation was among a coalition of groups opposed to the move by the TSA,[29] which abandoned the plan as a result.[30]

In media[edit]

Ong was played by Jean Yoon in the 2006 ABC miniseries The Path to 9/11, and by Jane Zhang in episode two of the 2004 BBC docudrama Zero Hour.

An extensive clip from Ong's call to headquarters was used for the beginning of the 2012 film Zero Dark Thirty. The clip was used without attribution, and without the consent of Ong's family and the airline. They requested that Sony Pictures Entertainment, the film's U.S. distributor, make a charitable donation in her name, credit her onscreen, state the Ong family does not endorse torture (which the film depicts being used in the manhunt for Osama bin Laden) on its website and in home entertainment versions of the film, and acknowledge these things during the 85th Academy Awards ceremony.[31]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "San Francisco flight attendant who died on 9/11 remembered as a hero". KTVU. September 12, 2018. Retrieved May 16, 2021.
  2. ^ a b c d e "North Pool: Panel N-74 – Betty Ann Ong". National September 11 Memorial & Museum. Archived from the original on July 10, 2012. Retrieved October 6, 2021.
  3. ^ "Betty Ong: Unsung Hero of Sept. 11". National Public Radio. September 10, 2004. Retrieved December 6, 2009. Betty Ong, a Chinese-American flight attendant for American Airlines, may have saved untold numbers of lives by telling emergency personnel on the ground what was happening aboard flight 11 on Sept. 11, 2001. Her call led to air traffic controllers landing every plane flying over U.S. airspace. ...
  4. ^ Knipp, Steven (September 7, 2015). "The Unknown Chinese-American Heroine of September 11, 2001". Columbian College of Arts and Sciences. Archived from the original on September 11, 2015. Retrieved May 16, 2021.
  5. ^ a b "Remembering Betty Ong as 9/11 approaches". WABC-TV. September 9, 2011. Archived from the original on May 16, 2021. Retrieved May 16, 2021.
  6. ^ "以鄧命名康樂中心 意義非凡". Sing Tao Daily. November 26, 2013. Archived from the original on July 22, 2017. Retrieved June 13, 2018. 在三藩市華埠出生長大的鄧月薇(Betty Ann Ong)[...]
  7. ^ 鄧正誠 (2016-09-25). "中文姓名英譯複雜 尚難統一" [English translation of Chinese names are yet difficult to be unified, thanks to its complexity]. World Journal. p. A09.
  8. ^ "Pelosi: In Recognition of the Heroism of Betty Ong". 10 October 2010. Archived from the original on October 10, 2010.
  9. ^ a b Fagan, Kevin (September 11, 2011). "Betty Ong's family remembers". San Francisco Chronicle. Archived from the original on March 11, 2013. Retrieved May 16, 2021.
  10. ^ a b c "Betty Ann Ong Foundation Opposes TSA Policy Change". Association of Flight Attendants. March 19, 2013. Archived from the original on December 12, 2013. Retrieved May 16, 2021.
  11. ^ Phelps, Jonathan (September 17, 2011). "Family of 9/11 hero Betty Ong visits Andover". The Eagle-Tribune. Archived from the original on 2021-07-27. Retrieved July 27, 2021.
  12. ^ Sisk, Richard; el-Faizy, Monique (July 24, 2004). "Ex-Israeli commando tried to halt unfolding hijacking". Daily News. New York City. Archived from the original on October 6, 2013. Retrieved May 16, 2021.
  13. ^ "Betty Ong's Call from 9/11 Flight 11". 9/11 Commission. Archived from the original on November 8, 2009. Retrieved December 6, 2009.
  14. ^ "9/11 commission hears flight attendant's phone call". CNN. January 27, 2004. Archived from the original on February 15, 2004. Retrieved December 6, 2009. 'The cockpit's not answering,' flight attendant Betty Ong said. 'Somebody's stabbed in business class, and, um, I think there's Mace that we can't breathe. I don't know; I think we are getting hijacked.' Ong, 45, was on board American Airlines Flight 11, the Boeing 767 en route from Boston, Massachusetts, to Los Angeles, California, that was flown into the north tower of the World Trade Center.
  15. ^ a b "The 9/11 Tapes: The Story in the Air". The New York Times. September 7, 2011. Retrieved September 10, 2013.
  16. ^ "Transcript of Flight Attendant Betty Ong". Gale Global Issues. Reprinted from Terrorism: Essential Primary Sources by K. Lee Lerner (2006); retrieved September 9, 2013.[dead link]
  17. ^ Nancy Pelosi (September 22, 2004). "In Recognition of the Heroism of Betty Ong". United States House of Representatives. Archived from the original on October 10, 2010. Retrieved December 6, 2009. Mr. Speaker, I rise today to pay tribute to Betty Ong, a native daughter of San Francisco's Chinatown and a hero for our Nation on September 11, 2001. ...
  18. ^ "Flight 11 crew honored for civilian bravery". Associated Press. February 12, 2002. Archived from the original on November 4, 2017. Retrieved May 16, 2021 – via The Standard-Times.
  19. ^ Tangeny, Chris (February 12, 2002). "Heroes' Moment Honors Trio on Flight 11 Will Recognize Courage". The Boston Globe. ProQuest 405443436.
  20. ^ "Madeline Amy Sweeney Award for Civilian Bravery: 2006 Nomination Form". Commonwealth of Massachusetts. 2006. Archived from the original on June 8, 2006.
  21. ^ "More Remains Found At WTC Site". Associated Press. March 20, 2002. Archived from the original on May 16, 2021. Retrieved May 16, 2021 – via CBS News.
  22. ^ "20 Years Later: Family remembers 9/11 hero and Bay Area native, Betty Ong". 11 September 2021.
  23. ^ "Betty Ann Ong Chinese Recreation Center Opens in Chinatown". AsianWeek. September 11, 2001. Archived from the original on July 22, 2015. Retrieved May 16, 2021.
  24. ^ "The 9/11 Tapes: The Story in the Air". The New York Times. September 7, 2011.
  25. ^ "Betty Ann Ong: 9/11 hero gets lasting tribute". San Francisco Chronicle. October 21, 2011.
  26. ^ Zamora, Jim Herron (September 12, 2007). "S.F. mural depicting 9/11 flight attendant scarred by taggers". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved September 12, 2007.
  27. ^ Price, Robert (September 11, 2019). "ROBERT PRICE: 13 years later, her purpose hasn't faded, but she worries about ours". The Bakersfield Californian. Archived from the original on May 16, 2021. Retrieved May 16, 2021.
  28. ^ Straw, Joseph; Marcius, Chelsia Rose; Siemaszko, Corky (March 5, 2013). "TSA to allow small pocketknives back on airplanes for first time since 9/11". Daily News. Archived from the original on March 8, 2013. Retrieved May 16, 2021.
  29. ^ "US airline staff oppose plan to allow small knives on planes". Associated Press. March 8, 2013. Archived from the original on February 14, 2014. Retrieved May 16, 2021 – via The Guardian.
  30. ^ "TSA abandons plan to allow small knives on planes after backlash". Associated Press. June 5, 2013. Archived from the original on May 16, 2021. Retrieved May 16, 2021 – via The Guardian.
  31. ^ Cieply, Michael (February 23, 2013). "9-11 victim's family raises objection to Zero Dark Thirty". The New York Times. Archived from the original on February 24, 2013.

External links[edit]