Betty Ross Clarke

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Betty Ross Clarke
Betty Ross Clarke from the Bain Collection (Library of Congress).tif
Photo of Betty Ross Clarke from the George Grantham Bain Collection at the Library of Congress
Born May Clarke
(1892-05-01)May 1, 1892
Langdon, North Dakota, USA
Died January 24, 1970(1970-01-24) (aged 77)
Los Angeles, California, USA
Other names Betsy Ross Clarke, Betty Ross Clark, Betty Ross-Clarke, Betty Clarke Collins, May Clarke Collins, Betty Clarke
Occupation Actress
Years active 1920-1940
Spouse(s) Arthur Greville Collins (1895-?)
Signature
Signature of Betty Ross Clarke.svg

Betty Ross Clarke (given name at birth: May Clarke[1]) (May 1, 1892 – January 24, 1970)[note 1] was an American stage and film actress. She appeared in more than 30 films between 1920 and 1940, including silent and sound films, in both credited and uncredited roles.

Personal life[edit]

Betty Ross Clarke was born May Clarke on May 1, 1892,[1][note 2] in Langdon, North Dakota, the daughter of Charles Willard Clarke and Cora Ross.[2] Her maternal grandfather was Leonard F. Ross, a brigadier general in the American Civil War, and her maternal great-grandfather was Ossian M. Ross, a prominent pioneer settler in Illinois who founded the cities of Lewistown and Havana.

Cover of Movie Weekly featuring Betty Ross Clarke (misspelled as "Clark").

At the age of 3, May Clarke moved with her family to Minneapolis, Minnesota, where she was educated in the local schools and at the Stanley Hall School.[3] She then studied dancing in New York City and spent a year on the vaudeville circuit. She had intended to pursue a career as a ballet dancer, but she eventually had such success as a stage and film actress that she gave up the idea of dancing as a profession.

On May 28, 1921, Betty Ross Clarke married Arthur Collins, a Los Angeles banker and former lieutenant in the British Royal Flying Corps.[4] The couple had met at a dinner party during the filming of Mother o' Mine. In 1923, Clarke and her husband moved to England,[5] where she became a citizen and where she continued her career as a stage and film actress. In 1926, the couple moved to Australia, where Clarke was engaged to perform in several plays.

Arthur Collins and Betty Ross Clarke returned to the United States in July 1929,[6] apparently lured back to Hollywood by the "talkies."[7] She resumed her film career, primarily performing as a supporting or character actress, but also appearing in several uncredited roles. Her banker husband, who had been adversely affected by the stock market crash of 1929, began producing plays, directing films, and acting as a dialog director.[8]

In 1930, Betty Ross Clarke was honored as an "ardent feminist" at a luncheon of the San Francisco Center of the League of Women Voters.[9] She was lauded for her support of voting rights for women even though she herself could not vote in the United States because she did not have her citizenship papers. She finally became a naturalized U.S. citizen on December 28, 1934.[10] By that time, Betty Ross Clarke and Arthur Collins were divorced.[1]

Betty Ross Clarke died in Los Angeles, California on January 24, 1970.[11][note 3] She was interred in Forest Lawn Memorial Park in Glendale, California.[12]

Stage career[edit]

Betty Ross Clarke made her first appearance on the stage in a stock company in Halifax, Nova Scotia.[13] Her later stock engagements included performances in Pittsburgh; Haverhill, Massachusetts; and Sioux City, Iowa. In 1916, she starred in the hit play Fair and Warmer.[14] She made her Broadway debut on September 19, 1917, at the Comedy Theatre in the play The Family Exit, in the role of Evelyn de Gascoigne.[8] She appeared in the play True to Form at the Bramhall Playhouse in September 1921, and performed the role of Liane in The Red Poppy in Greenwich Village in December 1922.[13]

After moving to England with her husband in 1923, Clarke made her London stage debut on June 2, 1924, at the Royalty Theatre, in the role of Fifi Morgan in the play Bachelor Husbands.[13] Other plays in which she appeared included: No Man's Land (December 1924 at the St. Martin's, in the role of Augusta); The Monkey Talks (September 1925 at the Little Theatre, in the role of Dora Lavender); and The House of Glass (January 1926 at the Prince of Wales Theatre, in the role of Margaret Case). In 1926, Clarke was engaged to appear in theaters in Australia, where she performed in the plays The Ghost Train, Storm, Baby Cyclone, Rain, The Bride, and Tarnished.[13]

After returning to the United States in 1929, Clarke continued to perform on the stage while also appearing in sound films. She played a leading role in the play Death Takes a Holiday, which was directed by her husband.[9] After her final film in 1940, she continued to perform occasionally in local theatrical productions.[8]

Film career[edit]

Still from the silent film Traveling Salesman, which starred Betty Ross Clarke (left) and Roscoe "Fatty" Arbuckle (right).

During the 1920s, Clarke appeared in 14 silent films, including 11 U.S. films, two British films and one German film. In the United States, she worked for film companies that included Famous Players-Lasky, Thomas H. Ince, and Vitagraph Studios.[15] She played the female lead in the film If I Were King opposite William Farnum and had other starring roles in silent films.

Clarke's first screen role in a "talkie" was as the character Dot Aldrich in The Age for Love.[16] During the 1930s, she appeared in more than 20 sound films, including both feature films and short films. She typically played character roles, both credited and uncredited. Of note, she replaced the actress Sara Haden as Aunt Millie in two feature length Andy Hardy films. Betty Ross Clarke was occasionally billed in screen credits as "Betsy Ross Clarke" or "Betty Ross Clark," and her name appears as "Betty Ross-Clarke" in some databases, such as the Internet Broadway Database.

Throughout her career, Clarke often performed on both the theater stage and in films during the same time period. A newspaper advertisement in 1922 noted that audience members could "see her on stage and screen at the same time,"[17] because she was performing in the play The Morning Him and also starring in the film At the Sign of the Jack O'Lantern. Commenting on the difference between stage and film acting, Clarke remarked that the "silent drama affords an easier life to those who choose it, for one has the nights free, to do as one likes. On the boards an actor's or actresses's time is always taken up."[15]

Most of the silent films in which Clarke appeared have not survived. However, the films If I Were King and Mother o' Mine are preserved in the silent film archive of the Library of Congress.[18] A print of Mother o' Mine is also housed in the UCLA Film and Television Archive.[19] The silent film Traveling Salesman, with Roscoe "Fatty" Arbuckle in the leading role, can be found in the George Eastman House Motion Picture Collection in Rochester, New York. Many of the later sound films in which she appeared are still available, including Murders in the Rue Morgue, A Bride for Henry, Love Finds Andy Hardy, Judge Hardy's Children, and Four Wives.

Filmography[edit]

The filmography was compiled from: "IMDb". ; "AllMovie". ; "Silent Era". 

Film Year Released Role
Untamed 1940 Mother (uncredited)
Four Wives 1939 Nurse in Dr. Forrest's office (uncredited)
I'll Tell the World (short film) 1939 Mrs. Burton
Loews Christmas Greeting (The Hardy Family) (short film) 1939 Aunt Millie Forrest
Judge Hardy's Children 1938 Aunt Millie Forrest
Love Finds Andy Hardy 1938 Aunt Millie Forrest
Sweethearts 1938 Woman in lobby (uncredited)
Too Hot to Handle 1938 Mrs. Harding
Hold That Kiss 1938 Wedding guest at Piermont's (uncredited)
Paradise for Three 1938 Telephone operator (uncredited)
Woman Against Woman 1938 Alice
The Chaser 1938 Secretary (uncredited)
A Night at the Movies (short film) 1937 The wife
A Bride for Henry 1937 Mrs. Curtis
Blossoms on Broadway 1937 Mrs. Peagram
Give Till It Hurts (short film) 1937 Second nurse (uncredited)
Killer-Dog (short film) 1936 Mother (uncredited)
The Public Pays (short film) 1936 Paige's secretary (uncredited)
Three Married Men 1936 Annie
Headline Shooter 1933 Sue (Mike's wife) (uncredited)
Murders in the Rue Morgue 1932 Mme. L'Esponage, the mother
The Age for Love 1931 Dot Aldrich
Straws in the Wind (British) 1924 The wife
The Cost of Beauty (British) 1924 Diana Faire
Um eine Million (German) 1924
At the Sign of the Jack O'Lantern 1922 Mrs. Carr
The Man from Downing Street 1922 Doris Burnham
The Fox 1921 Annette Fraser
Mother o' Mine 1921 Dolly Wilson
Her Social Value 1921 Bertha Harmon
Traveling Salesman 1921 Beth Elliott
Brewster's Millions 1921 Peggy
Lucky Carson 1921 Doris Bancroft
If I Were King 1920 Katherine de Vaucelles
Romance 1920 Susan Van Tuyl
The Very Idea 1920 Norah

Miscellany[edit]

Early in her film career, while she was living with her mother in Hollywood, Betty Ross Clarke was accused of shoplifting from Bullock's department store in Los Angeles.[20] She was detained by the store but was released after she was recognized by store personnel. She initiated a lawsuit against the store, requesting $50,000 in damages, alleging that she had suffered illness as a result of the incident, and that her social standing, her credit, and her business reputation were impacted negatively. The outcome of the lawsuit is uncertain.

Clarke's recreational activities during the 1920s included athletics, reading, and writing.[13] She also liked to drive her Paige Daytona automobile[21] and to take photographs during her travels.[15]

After purchasing a new house in California in 1921, following the filming of Brewster's Millions, she furnished the house with old furniture that she repainted herself.[22] She took great delight in describing to newspaper readers how she carried out the furniture painting.

Owing to her prominence as a silent film actress, Clarke was one of a number of starlets (50) who were featured on cards given away by the Hignett cigarette company of England in their CHESS cigarette packets. She was number 29 in the set. Collectible cards from Hignett and other companies, featuring photos of Betty Ross Clarke from the silent film age, often appear for sale on eBay.

Clarke was one of 242 bohemians who signed the Greenwich Village bookshop door between the years 1921 and 1925.[23] The bookshop door with the preserved signatures is now housed in the Harry Ransom Center at the University of Texas at Austin.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Although some sources give Clarke's birth and death years as 1896 and 1947, respectively, publicly available United States government documents, referenced below, support the birth and death dates given here.
  2. ^ Clarke's birth year was given as 1896 on ship passenger lists when she was traveling with her husband. It is possible that this birth date was used to make it appear that she was younger than he was.
  3. ^ The date of birth given on the social security death record for "Betty Clarke"[11] matches the date of birth given on a petition for citizenship that was signed by "May Clarke Collins."[1] The petitioner's occupation was listed as "actress," the form stated that she was divorced from Arthur Collins, and it further stated that she entered the United States under the name Betty Ross Clarke. Therefore, it seems highly likely that the social security death record for Betty Clarke is, in fact, the record for Betty Ross Clarke, actress. Moreover, the death information on the social security form agrees with death information provided by a grand-niece of Betty Ross Clarke.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d National Archives and Records Administration (NARA); Washington, D.C.; Naturalization Records of the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of California, Central Division (Los Angeles), 1887-1940; Microfilm Serial: M1524; Microfilm Roll: 182.
  2. ^ Year: 1900; Census Place: Langdon, Cavalier, North Dakota; Roll: 1227; Page: 12A; Enumeration District: 0047; FHL microfilm: 1241227.
  3. ^ "Miss Clarke Russian danseuse from Dakota". The Aberdeen Journal. April 7, 1922. 
  4. ^ "D. Cupid makes double play and wedding bells now ring for four". The Seattle Sunday Times. June 19, 1921. 
  5. ^ Board of Trade: Commercial and Statistical Department and successors: Inwards Passenger Lists. Kew, Surrey, England: The National Archives of the UK (TNA). Series BT26, 1,472 pieces.
  6. ^ Selected Passenger and Crew Lists and Manifests. National Archives, Washington, D.C.
  7. ^ "Lured here by the 'talkies'". Trenton Evening Times. July 12, 1929. 
  8. ^ a b c Eriksmoen, Curt (April 4, 2009). "Successful Hollywood actress came from Bismarck". Bismarck Tribune. 
  9. ^ a b "Luncheon to honor Betty Ross Clarke". San Francisco Chronicle. October 23, 1930. 
  10. ^ National Archives and Records Administration (NARA); Washington, D.C.; Naturalization Index Cards of the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of California, Central Division (Los Angeles), 1915-1976 (M1525); Microfilm Serial: M1525; Microfilm Roll: 4.
  11. ^ a b Number: 562-16-5487; Issue State: California; Issue Date: Before 1951. Social Security Death Index, Master File. Social Security Administration.
  12. ^ Betty Ross Clarke at Find a Grave
  13. ^ a b c d e Who was who in the theatre, 1912-1976: a biographical dictionary of actors, actresses, directors, playwrights, and producers of the English-speaking theatre. 4: Q-Z. Detroit: Gale Research Co. 1978. pp. 2080–2081. 
  14. ^ "Lotus Robb likes praise of women better than men". Oregonian (Portland, OR). November 19, 1916. 
  15. ^ a b c "Miss Betty Ross Clarke. An interesting personality". The Brisbane Courier. August 20, 1927. 
  16. ^ "Billie Dove at work again in 'Age for Love'". Cleveland Plain Dealer. July 19, 1931. 
  17. ^ "Last time today". The Jersey Journal. February 8, 1922. 
  18. ^ "American Silent Feature Film Database". 
  19. ^ "IMDb: Mother o' Mine (1921)". 
  20. ^ "Movie star brings suit for false arrest". Salt Lake Telegram (Salt Lake City, UT). September 27, 1920. 
  21. ^ "New sport model and its owner". Baltimore American (Baltimore, MD). May 7, 1922. 
  22. ^ "Movie star uses old furniture in new house and is 'proud as punch'". New Orleans States. January 10, 1921. 
  23. ^ "The Greenwich Village Bookshop Door: A Portal to Bohemia 1920-1925.". Retrieved 8 April 2015. 

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