Bettys and Taylors of Harrogate
|Industry||Tea rooms, cafés, retail, tea, coffee, confectionery and bakery Products|
|Founded||Bettys and Taylors Group Ltd: 1962 |
Taylors of Harrogate: 1886
|Founder||Charles Taylor (Taylors of Harrogate) |
Frederick Belmont (Bettys)
|Clare Morrow (chairman of the board) |
Linda Close (managing director)
Andrew Brown (managing director)
|Products||Yorkshire Tea |
Bettys Tea Rooms
|Revenue||£208 million (2018)|
|Owner||Fredrick Belmont's family (fourth generation)|
Number of employees
Taylors of Harrogate
Bettys Tea Rooms
Bettys and Taylors of Harrogate, also known as Bettys and Taylors Group Limited, is a family company based in Yorkshire, England. The company's brands are Bettys (with no apostrophe), Taylors of Harrogate and Yorkshire Tea. Bettys Café Tea Rooms are traditional tea rooms serving traditional meals with influences both from Switzerland and Yorkshire. Taylors of Harrogate was a family tea and coffee merchant company, founded in 1886, which blended Yorkshire Tea and Taylors of Harrogate Coffee; the owners of Bettys acquired Taylors in 1962. The chairman of the company is Clare Morrow, a former journalist.
Yorkshire Tea was introduced by Charles Edward Taylor and his brother in 1883, creating their company, CE Taylor & Co., which was later shortened to "Taylor's". The brothers later opened "Tea Kiosks" in the Yorkshire towns of Harrogate and Ilkley, and in 1962, local tea room competitor 'Betty's' took over 'Taylor's', renamed it 'Taylors of Harrogate' and formed Bettys and Taylors Group, which to this day, is owned by the family of Fredrick Belmont, who founded 'Betty's Tea Rooms'. The group now uses the 'Bettys' and 'Taylors' brands in a number of industries including Yorkshire Tea and Taylors Coffee Merchants under the 'Taylors of Harrogate' name and Bettys Tea Rooms, Bettys Cookery School and Bettys Confectionery under the 'Bettys' brand. 
The first Bettys tea room was opened on Cambridge Crescent in Harrogate, West Riding of Yorkshire, by Frederick Belmont, a Swiss confectioner, in July 1919. The Harrogate tea rooms moved to their current position on Parliament Street in 1976.
Belmont arrived in England at King's Cross railway station and boarded a train to Bradford as much through luck as judgement, for he spoke very limited English and could not recall the address (or even the city) to which he was supposed to be heading. In 1922, Belmont opened a craft bakery in Harrogate, which meant it was possible to open more tea rooms, including branches in Bradford, Leeds and York (the latter, the biggest branch, opened in 1937).
The origin of the Bettys name is unknown. The company's website suggests four possibilities: Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon, mother of Queen Elizabeth II (which seems unlikely as she did not come to public prominence until marrying the Duke of York in 1923); Betty Lupton, former manager of the Harrogate Spa; the daughter of a previous occupant of the Harrogate premises who died of tuberculosis; or a small child who interrupted a meeting at which the choice of name was being discussed.
The merger with Taylors of Harrogate (founded 1886) came about in 1962.
In 1986 Bettys by Post was developed, initially a mail order company, but later moving online. In 2001 Bettys opened a cookery school on the same site as their craft bakery, at Plumpton Park near Harrogate.
Bettys marked their 90th anniversary in July 2009 with afternoon tea of patisseries, fancies and cakes from the past served by waitresses dressed in period costumes.
There are five Bettys tea rooms, all of which comprise a shop as well as a café. The locations of the tea rooms are:
- Bettys Harrogate – Parliament Street, Harrogate (opened 1976)
- Bettys York – St Helen's Square, York (opened 1937)
- Bettys Northallerton – High Street, Northallerton (opened 1971)
- Bettys Ilkley – The Grove, Ilkley (opened 1964)
- Bettys Harlow Carr – RHS Harlow Carr, Harrogate (opened 2004)
The St Helen's Square café in York was inspired by the magnificent RMS Queen Mary cruise liner, and became particularly popular during the Second World War, when the basement 'Bettys Bar' became a favourite with hundreds of American and Canadian 'Bomber Boys' who were stationed around York. 'Bettys Mirror', on which many of them engraved their signatures with a diamond pen, remains on display at the branch.
In 1962, Bettys joined forces with another Yorkshire business, family tea and coffee merchants, Taylors of Harrogate, who still manufacture Yorkshire Tea and Taylors of Harrogate Coffee.
From 1930 until 1974, there was a Bettys tea room in Commercial Street, Leeds, in premises now (as at February 2008) used as a mobile phone shop. There was also a tea room in Bradford, on Darley Street, which first opened in 1922 and closed in 1974.
In March 2021, it was announced that the Bettys Stonegate café would be closing, with the shop remaining open. The branch opened in 1965, and was run by Taylors of Harrogate, before becoming a Bettys in 1999, when it was known as Little Bettys. In 2011, it was rebranded as Bettys Stonegate. 
Bettys have refused many times to open a branch outside Yorkshire, saying that keeping Bettys small means a watchful eye can be kept on every detail.
The Bettys name is attached to several books, mainly sold through the tea rooms:
- Hearts, Tarts & Rascals, Jonathan Wild
- A Year of Family Recipes, Lesley Wild
- Who Was Betty?, various contributors
Media related to Bettys Café Tea Rooms at Wikimedia Commons
- The name was originally written "Betty's" (with an apostrophe, presumably as a possessive), as can be seen from old adverts in the Harrogate store, but at some point the apostrophe was dropped, and it is now written without an apostrophe – see Possessives in business names and S-form
- "Our brands". Bettys and Taylors Group ltd. Archived from the original on 4 July 2014. Retrieved 8 August 2014.
- Simms, Jane (November 2008). "Profile: Jonathan Wild". Director Magazine. Archived from the original on 21 September 2010. Retrieved 19 July 2010.
- "Bettys and Taylors". The Sunday Times. London. 11 March 2007. Retrieved 5 May 2008.
- "Mysterious Betty of cream teas", The Yorkshire Post, 21 July 1979.
- Johnstone, Charlotte (8 July 2019). "How to celebrate 100 years of Bettys: A very British institution". The Telegraph. ISSN 0307-1235. Retrieved 4 July 2021.
- Wild, Jonathan (October 2005). Hearts Tarts and Rascals. Great Northern Books. pp. 10–11. ISBN 9780955091407.
- Wild, Jonathan (October 2005). Hearts Tarts and Rascals. Great Northern Books. p. 22. ISBN 9780955091407.
- Wild, Jonathan (October 2005). Hearts Tarts and Rascals. Great Northern Books. p. 34. ISBN 9780955091407.
- "About us". Bettys Cookery School. Retrieved 31 August 2011.
- "Bettys Café Tea Rooms in St Helen's Square, York celebrate 90th birthday". York Press. 15 July 2009. Retrieved 15 July 2009.
- "A History of Bettys |1950s-1970s". Bettys. Retrieved 4 July 2021.
- "A brief history of Bettys York". Bettys. Retrieved 4 July 2021.
- "A brief history of Bettys". Bettys. Retrieved 4 July 2021.
- Greenhalf, Jim (1 October 2012). "Sad as Acropolis cafe bites the dust". Telegraph & Argus. Retrieved 8 October 2012.
- Jeeves, Paul (25 March 2021). "Bettys announces closure of York tearooms on Stonegate with dozens of jobs at risk". The Yorkshire Post. Retrieved 4 July 2021.
- "Bettys brews up a record £10m profit following year of growth". The Yorkshire Post. 6 July 2013. Retrieved 7 September 2016.
- Wild, Jonathan (October 2005). Hearts Tarts and Rascals. Great Northern Books. ISBN 9780955091407.
- Wild, Lesley (November 2007). Year of Family Recipes. Great Northern Books. ISBN 9780955091414.
- "Who Was Betty? Book". Bettys. Retrieved 27 September 2018.