Betwa River

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Betwa River
1 Betwa River Madhya Pradesh India.jpg
Betwa River near Orchha
Country India
States Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh
City Vidisha
Source Vindhya Range
 - location Hoshangabad district, Madhya Pradesh
Mouth Yamuna
 - location Hamirpur, Uttar Pradesh
 - coordinates 25°55′N 80°12′E / 25.917°N 80.200°E / 25.917; 80.200Coordinates: 25°55′N 80°12′E / 25.917°N 80.200°E / 25.917; 80.200
Discharge for Rajghat Dam
 - average 658 m3/s (23,237 cu ft/s) [1]
 - max 3,178 m3/s (112,230 cu ft/s)

The Betwa or Betravati is a river in Northern India, and a tributary of the Yamuna. Also known as the Vetravati, the Betwa rises in the Vindhya Range just north of Hoshangabad in Madhya Pradesh and flows north-east through Madhya Pradesh and Orchha to Uttar Pradesh. Nearly half of its course, which is not navigable, runs over the Malwa Plateau. The confluence of the Betwa and the Yamuna Rivers is Hamirpur town in Uttar Pradesh, in the vicinity of Orchha.[2]


River Betwa close to the 11th century Bhojeshwar temple at Bhojpur, Madhya Pradesh
Chhatris on the bank of Betwa river

In Sanskrit "Betwa" is Vetravati. This river is mentioned in the epic Mahabharata along with the Charmanwati river. Both are tributaries of Yamuna. Vetravati was also known as Shuktimati. The capital of Chedi Kingdom was on the banks of this river.The total length of the river from its origin to its confluence with Yamuna is 590 kilometres (370 mi), out of which 232 kilometres (144 mi) lies in Madhya Pradesh and the balance of 358 kilometres (222 mi) in Uttar Pradesh. In accordance with an inter-state agreement between the states of Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh in 1973, Betwa River Board (BRB) was constituted under the Betwa River Board Act, 1976. The Union Minister of Ministry of Water Resources the Chairman of the Board and the Union Minister of Power, Union Minister of State for Water Resources, Chief Ministers and Ministers in-charge of Finance, Irrigation and Power of Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh are its Members.[3]


The Betwa River is being linked with the Ken River as a part of the river linking project in Madhya Pradesh. Another noteworthy project on the Betwa River is the construction of the Matatila Dam, an undertaking between the states of Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh. The region is important for migratory waterbirds.[4]



  1. ^ Chaube, U.C.; Suryavanshi, Shakti; Nurzaman, Lukman; Pandey, Ashish (Nov 7, 2011). "Synthesis of flow series of tributaries in Upper Betwa basin" (PDF). International Journal of Environmental Sciences 1 (7). Retrieved 12 February 2014. 
  2. ^ Betwa River
  3. ^ Betwa River Board Ministry of Water Resources website.
  4. ^ Shukla, D.C. 1994 Habitat characteristics of wetlands of the Betwa Basin, India, and wintering populations of endangered waterfowl species. Global wetlands, pp. 863–68

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