|Population||2,330 (2016 census)|
|State electorate(s)||Yan Yean|
Beveridge is a town in Victoria, Australia, located along the Hume Highway, 42 kilometres north of Melbourne. It is governed by the City of Whittlesea and Mitchell Shire. At the 2016 Census, Beveridge had a population of 2,330.
Beveridge was named after Scottish sheep farmer Andrew Beveridge who built the Hunters' Tryst Inn in 1845. The Inn still serves as a hotel, as well as post office and general store.
Beveridge Post Office opened on 1 January 1865.
Near Beveridge is Mount Fraser, an eroded extinct volcanic cone. It is a large scoria volcano with two craters, which last erupted about one million years ago. The north side of the hill is quite steep and reaches a height of 125 metres above the surrounding basalt plain. From this location the explorers Hume and Hovell first saw Port Phillip on 14 December 1824. A quarry now operates at the side of the hill and supplies most of Melbourne's scoria.[dubious ] A copy of the original Eureka flag flies atop this hill every year to commemorate Ned Kelly.
The town is principally known as the birthplace of bushranger Ned Kelly and his home for the first nine years of his life. Ned's birth was not officially recorded. Ned was born in December 1854 at Beveridge on the 17-hectare (41-acre) Kelly farm near the Big Hill (now known as Mount Fraser). John 'Red' Kelly sold his farm for £80 and headed further north up the Old Sydney Road to Avenel in 1863 where they rented 16 ha (40 acres) the banks of the Hughes Creek.
It is said that on the train heading south to Melbourne after his capture at Glenrowan in 1880, as he approached Beveridge Station he pointed to the left and said, "See that little hill over there, that's where I drew my first breath" (The Age, June 1880). Denheld argues that historians have mistakenly taken Kelly's words to have been spoken one month later on a train heading north to Beechworth for his preliminary trial, and have therefore looked to the other side of the railway line for the hill, concluding that this hill is Big Hill (now known as Mount Fraser).
At Beveridge a cottage where the Kelly family lived for a short time is still standing today, located on Kelly Street. It is recorded that John Kelly built this house in 1859 when Ned was about five years old. His brother Dan was born in the house. The house was added to the Victorian Register of Historic Buildings in September, 1992. Its design is unusual in Victoria and shows the Irish heritage of its builder. The Primary School is a bluestone building where the Kelly family once went to church and Ned went to school. Located on a hillside, this Gothic-style building was built between 1857 and 1862 as both a Catholic church and a school. The sacristy and chancel were added in 1877.
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- Shire of Kilmore - the former local government area of which Beveridge was a part
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Beveridge (State Suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 3 July 2017.
- "Electoral Structure of Mitchell Shire Council" (PDF). Victorian Electoral Commission. 2015.
- "Beveridge". Redreaming the Plain. Archived from the original on 20 July 2008. Retrieved 13 August 2008.
- Phoenix Auctions History. "Post Office List". Retrieved 24 March 2021.
- "Mount Fraser". Victorian Resources Online. Retrieved 13 August 2008.
- "Hematite from Fe Quarry, Mt. Frazer, Beveridge". Mineral and Locality database. Retrieved 13 August 2008.
- Denheld, Bill (May 2018). "Where was Ned Kelly Born?".
- "The Ned Kelly Trail - Beveridge". The Ned Kelly Trail. Retrieved 13 August 2008.
- "John Kelly house". nedonthenet. Archived from the original on 21 November 2008. Retrieved 13 August 2008.
- "Kelly Beveridge house". Iron Outlaw. Retrieved 13 August 2008.
- "John Kelly House, Beveridge". Aussie Heritage. Archived from the original on 2 August 2008. Retrieved 13 August 2008.
- McMenomy, Keith (1984). Ned Kelly: The authentic illustrated story. Melbourne, Australia: Currey O'Neil Ross Pty. Ltd. p. 15. ISBN 0-85902-122-X.
- "Beveridge, Victoria". The Age Travel. Melbourne. 8 February 2004. Retrieved 13 August 2008.
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