Beverly Hills, California
Beverly Hills, California
|City of Beverly Hills|
"Garden Spot of the World," "B.H.," "Bev Hills," "90210," "The Hills"
Location within Los Angeles County, California.
|Incorporated||January 28, 1914|
|Named for||Beverly Farms|
|• Mayor||Lester Friedman |
|• Vice mayor||Robert Wunderlich |
|• City council||Lili Bosse |
Robert Wunderlich (D)
Julian A. Gold, MD
|• City Manager||George Chavez|
|• Total||5.71 sq mi (14.79 km2)|
|• Land||5.71 sq mi (14.78 km2)|
|• Water||0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2) 0.04%|
|Elevation||259 ft (79 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||5,920.11/sq mi (2,285.77/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−8 (Pacific)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−7 (PDT)|
|Area codes||310/424, 323|
|GNIS feature IDs||1652672, 2409840|
Beverly Hills is a city in Los Angeles County, California. Located within 5.71 square miles (14.8 km2) and surrounded by the cities of Los Angeles and West Hollywood, it had a population of 34,109 at the 2010 census and an estimated population of 33,792 in 2019.
The city is home to many celebrities, luxury hotels, and the Rodeo Drive shopping district.
Originally a Spanish ranch where lima beans were grown, Beverly Hills was incorporated in 1914 by a group of investors who had failed to find oil, but found water instead and eventually decided to develop it into a town.
The area was settled by Maria Rita Quinteros de Valdez and her husband in 1828. They called their 4,500 acres (18 km2) of property the Rancho Rodeo de las Aguas. In 1854, she sold the ranch to Benjamin Davis Wilson (1811–1878) and Henry Hancock (1822–1883). By the 1880s, the ranch had been subdivided into parcels of 75 acres (0.30 km2) and was being rapidly bought up by Anglos from Los Angeles and the East coast.
Gaspar de Portolá arrived in the area that would later become Beverly Hills on August 3, 1769, traveling along native trails which followed the present-day route of Wilshire Boulevard. Henry Hammel and Andrew H. Denker acquired most of it and used it for farming lima beans. At this point, the area was known as the Hammel and Denker Ranch. By 1888, they were planning to build a town called Morocco on their holdings.
In 1900, Burton E. Green, Charles A. Canfield, Max Whittier, Frank H. Buck, Henry E. Huntington, William G. Kerckhoff, William F. Herrin, W.S. Porter, and Frank H. Balch formed the Amalgamated Oil Company, bought the Hammel and Denker ranch, and began looking for oil. They did not find enough to exploit commercially by the standards of the time, though. In 1906, therefore, they reorganized as the Rodeo Land and Water Company, renamed the property "Beverly Hills," subdivided it, and began selling lots. The development was named "Beverly Hills" after Beverly Farms in Beverly, Massachusetts and because of the hills in the area.
The Los Angeles Times reported on September 2, 1906:
Percy H. Clark Company are managing the development of the foothill portion of the Hammel & Denker ranch for the Rodeo Land and Water Company (the Canfield-Huntington-Kerckhoff syndicate), to be known as Beverly Hills. No expense is being spared to make this a fine suburban district. . . . The property has been laid out on beautiful curved lines.
The first house in the subdivision was built in 1907, although sales remained slow.
Beverly Hills was one of many all-white planned communities started in the Los Angeles area around this time. Restrictive covenants prohibited non-whites from owning or renting property unless they were employed as servants by white residents.:57 It was also forbidden to sell or rent property to Jews in Beverly Hills.
Burton Green began construction on The Beverly Hills Hotel in 1911. The hotel was finished in 1912. The visitors drawn by the hotel were inclined to purchase land in Beverly Hills, and by 1914 the population had grown enough to qualify for incorporation as an independent city. That same year, the Rodeo Land and Water Company decided to separate its water business from its real estate business. The Beverly Hills Utility Commission was split off from the land company and incorporated in September 1914, buying all of the utilities-related assets from the Rodeo Land and Water Company.
In 1919, Douglas Fairbanks and Mary Pickford bought land on Summit Drive and built a mansion, finished in 1921 and nicknamed "Pickfair" by the press. The glamour associated with Fairbanks and Pickford as well as other movie stars who built mansions in the city contributed to its growing appeal.
By the early 1920s the population of Beverly Hills had grown enough to make the water supply a political issue. In 1923 the usual solution, annexation to the city of Los Angeles, was proposed.:65 There was considerable opposition to annexation among such famous residents as Pickford, Fairbanks, Will Rogers and Rudolph Valentino. The Beverly Hills Utility Commission, opposed to annexation as well, managed to force the city into a special election and the plan was defeated 337 to 507.:65
In 1928, the Beverly Wilshire Apartment Hotel (now the Beverly Wilshire Hotel) opened on Wilshire Boulevard between El Camino and Rodeo drives, part of the old Beverly Hills Speedway. That same year oilman Edward L. Doheny finished construction of Greystone Mansion, a 55-room mansion meant as a wedding present for his son Edward L. Doheny, Jr. The house is now owned by the city of Beverly Hills and is a designated historical landmark.
In the early 1930s, Santa Monica Park was renamed Beverly Gardens and was extended to span the entire two-mile (3-kilometer) length of Santa Monica Boulevard through the city. The Electric Fountain marks the corner of Santa Monica Blvd. and Wilshire Blvd. with a small sculpture at the top of a Tongva kneeling in prayer. In April 1931, the new Italian Renaissance-style Beverly Hills City Hall was opened.:9
In the early 1940s, black actors and businessmen had begun to move into Beverly Hills, despite the covenants allowing only whites to live in the city. A neighborhood improvement association attempted to enforce the covenant in court. The defendants included such luminaries as Hattie McDaniel, Louise Beavers, and Ethel Waters. Among the white residents supporting the lawsuit against blacks was silent film star Harold Lloyd. The NAACP participated in the defense, which was successful. In his decision, federal judge Thurmond Clarke said that it was time that "members of the Negro race are accorded, without reservations or evasions, the full rights guaranteed to them under the 14th amendment." The United States Supreme Court declared restrictive covenants unenforceable in 1948 in Shelley v. Kraemer. A group of Jewish residents of Beverly Hills filed an amicus brief in this case.
In 1956, Paul Trousdale (1915–1990) purchased the grounds of the Doheny Ranch and developed it into the Trousdale Estates, convincing the city of Beverly Hills to annex it. The neighborhood has been home to Elvis Presley, Frank Sinatra, Dean Martin, Tony Curtis, Ray Charles, President Richard Nixon and, more recently, Jennifer Aniston, David Spade, Vera Wang, and John Rich.
In the late 1990s, the Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority (LACMTA) proposed to build an extension of the Metro Red Line along Wilshire Boulevard and into downtown Beverly Hills, but the city opposed it.
In 2001, LACMTA then proposed a bus rapid transit route down Santa Monica Blvd., but this was also opposed by the city and never built. Currently, this stretch of road is served by less efficient Metro Rapid buses using pre-existing roadways. By 2010, traffic in Beverly Hills and surrounding areas had grown bad enough that the city's habitual opposition had largely turned to support for subways within the city limits. As part of the Westside Subway Extension project, the D Line of the LA Metro Rail is planned to be extended through Beverly Hills, adding two underground stations at Wilshire/La Cienega and Wilshire/Rodeo by the 2020s.
The city of Beverly Hills widely opposed Proposition 8, the 2008 ballot measure which repealed legal recognition of same-sex marriages. The proposition narrowly passed statewide, but in Beverly Hills, only 34% voted in favor, and 66% voted against it.
In the midst of the 2015 drought, Beverly Hills was found to be one of the biggest water consumers in all of California. As a result, it was asked by the state to reduce consumption by 36%, prompting many residents to replace their lawns with native plants. Meanwhile, the city government replaced the grass in front of the City Hall with Mexican sage.
In September 2015, the City of Beverly Hills signed an agreement with Israel to work together on water use as well as "cybersecurity, public health, emergency services, disaster preparedness, public safety, counterterrorism and art and culture".
Beverly Hills and the neighboring city of West Hollywood are together entirely surrounded by the city of Los Angeles. Specifically, Beverly Hills is bordered on the northwest by the Los Angeles neighborhood of Bel-Air and the Santa Monica Mountains, on the east by West Hollywood, the Carthay neighborhood of Los Angeles, and the Fairfax District of Los Angeles, and on the south by the Beverlywood neighborhood of Los Angeles. The area's "Platinum Triangle" is formed by the city of Beverly Hills and the Los Angeles neighborhoods of Bel Air and Holmby Hills.
Most residents live in the "flats" of Beverly Hills, which is a relatively flat land that slants towards the hills, and includes all of Beverly Hills south of Sunset Blvd. The houses situated in the hillside north of Sunset Boulevard have a much higher value than the average housing price for the rest of the city. Santa Monica Boulevard divides the "flats" into two areas, locally known as "North or South of the tracks," referring to the train tracks that were once used by the old Pacific Electric streetcar line that traversed Beverly Hills along Santa Monica Blvd. Houses south of Wilshire Boulevard have more urban square and rectangular lots, in general smaller than those to the north. There are also more apartment buildings south of Wilshire Boulevard than anywhere else in Beverly Hills, and the average house value south of Wilshire is the lowest in Beverly Hills. Nearly all businesses and government offices in Beverly Hills are located south of Santa Monica Boulevard. Two notable exceptions are the Beverly Hills Hotel and the Beverly Hilton Hotel. Just outside the city limits to the west lies the Los Angeles Country Club. Other locations commonly associated with Beverly Hills include the Cedars-Sinai Medical Center and the Beverly Center, just outside the city limits to the east.
The ZIP codes for Beverly Hills are 90209, 90210, 90211, 90212 and 90213.
Beverly Hills has a warm Mediterranean climate, with an average high of 85 °F (29 °C) in August, and an average high of 67 °F (19 °C) in January (source Weather.com). Beverly Hills also receives an average 18 inches (460 mm) of rain per year. Summers are marked by warm to hot temperatures with very little wind, while winters are warm to moderate, with occasional rain alternating with periods of Santa Ana winds. Measurable snowfall has been recorded only in 1882, 1922, 1932, 1949 and 1958.
|Climate data for Beverly Hills, California|
|Record high °F (°C)||91
|Average high °F (°C)||66.7
|Daily mean °F (°C)||57.5
|Average low °F (°C)||48.3
|Record low °F (°C)||27
|Average rainfall inches (mm)||3.19
|Average rainy days (≥ 0.01 inch)||5.7||5.3||5.8||1.7||0.7||0.2||0.3||0.2||0.6||1.1||1.9||4.0||27.5|
|Source: The Weather Channel|
|U.S. Decennial Census|
The 2010 United States Census reported that Beverly Hills had a population of 34,109. The population density was 5,973.1 people per square mile (2,306.2/km2). The racial makeup of Beverly Hills was 28,112 (82.4%) White (78.6% Non-Hispanic White), 746 (2.2%) African American, 48 (0.1%) Native American, 3,032 (8.9%) Asian, 12 (0.0%) Pacific Islander, 485 (1.4%) from other races, and 1,674 (4.9%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1,941 persons (5.7%).
The Census reported that 33,988 people (99.6% of the population) lived in households, 121 (0.4%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 0 (0%) were institutionalized.
There were 14,869 households, out of which 3,759 (25.3%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 6,613 (44.5%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 1,354 (9.1%) had a female householder with no husband present, 494 (3.3%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 460 (3.1%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 131 (0.9%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 5,400 households (36.3%) were made up of individuals, and 1,834 (12.3%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29. There were 8,461 families (56.9% of all households); the average family size was 3.05.
The population was spread out, with 6,623 people (19.4%) under the age of 18, 2,526 people (7.4%) aged 18 to 24, 8,540 people (25.0%) aged 25 to 44, 9,904 people (29.0%) aged 45 to 64, and 6,516 people (19.1%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43.6 years. For every 100 females, there were 84.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.3 males.
There were 16,394 housing units at an average density of 2,870.9 per square mile (1,108.5/km2), of which 6,561 (44.1%) were owner-occupied, and 8,308 (55.9%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.2%; the rental vacancy rate was 8.0%. 17,740 people (52.0% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 16,248 people (47.6%) lived in rental housing units.
During 2009–2013, Beverly Hills had a median household income of $86,141, with 8.8% of the population living below the federal poverty line.
As of the census of 2000, there were 33,784 people, 15,035 households, and 8,269 families residing in the city. The population density was 5,954.0 people per square mile (2,300.5/km2). There were 15,856 housing units at an average density of 2,794.4/mi (1,079.7/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 85.06% White, 1.77% African American, 0.13% Native American, 7.05% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.50% from other races, and 4.46% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.63% of the population.
There were 15,035 households, out of which 24.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.8% were married couples living together, 8.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 45.0% were non-families. 38.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.24 and the average family size was 3.02.
In the city, the population was spread out, with 20.0% under the age of 18, 6.3% from 18 to 24, 29.3% from 25 to 44, 26.8% from 45 to 64, and 17.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 83.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.4 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $70,945, and the median income for a family was $102,611. Males had a median income of $72,004 versus $46,217 for females. The per capita income for the city was $65,507. About 7.9% of families and 9.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.5% of those under the age of 18 and 7.9% ages 65 or older.
Beverly Hills is home to one Fortune 500 company, Live Nation Entertainment. Since August 22, 2011, the headquarters of Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer has been located in Beverly Hills. The talent agencies United Talent Agency, William Morris Endeavor, Paradigm Talent Agency, The Gersh Agency, and Agency for the Performing Arts are based in Beverly Hills.
Hilton Hotels Corporation formerly had its corporate headquarters in Beverly Hills. The original headquarters of GeoCities (at first Beverly Hills Internet) was at 9401 Wilshire Boulevard in Beverly Hills.
The large Beverly Hills Oil Field has four urban drilling islands, which drill diagonally into the earth underneath the city. One drilling island occasioned a 2003 lawsuit representing former attendees of Beverly Hills High School, approximately 280 of which having suffered from cancers allegedly tied to the drilling operations. The oil site on the high school grounds is in the process of being shut down.
According to the city's 2015 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city are:
|#||Employer||# of Employees|
|1||City of Beverly Hills||1,042|
|2||Beverly Hills Unified School District||642|
|3||Beverly Wilshire Hotel||620|
|4||The Beverly Hilton||599|
|5||The Beverly Hills Hotel||500|
|6||William Morris Agency||500|
|7||Saks Fifth Avenue||460|
|8||Neiman Marcus Group||430|
|9||Creative Artists Agency||425|
|10||The Peninsula Beverly Hills||400|
Beverly Hills is a general law city governed by a five-member City Council including the mayor and vice mayor. The City Council hires a city manager to carry out policies and serve as executive officer. Until 2017, every odd-numbered year, either two or three members were elected for four-year terms. However, in 2017, the Council changed its cycle to conform with statewide elections; the first such election will be held in March 2020. Each March the City Council meets and chooses one of its members as mayor and one as vice-mayor. As of April 2020, Lester Friedman is Mayor, Robert Wunderlich is Vice Mayor, and Lili Bosse, Julian Gold, and John Mirisch are members. George Chavez serves as City Manager.
County, state and federal representation
Beverly Hills is served by Beverly Hills Unified School District, which includes two kindergarten-through-fifth-grade schools (Hawthorne and Horace Mann), one middle school (Beverly Vista), Moreno High School, and Beverly Hills High School.
Beverly Hills also has several private schools. Good Shepherd School, a PreK-8 school, is a part of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Los Angeles. Other private schools include Harkham Hillel Hebrew Academy.
The Beverly Hills Police Department and the Beverly Hills Fire Department serve as emergency response agencies for the city.
The Los Angeles County Department of Health Services SPA 5 West Area Health Office serves Beverly Hills. The department operates the Simms/Mann Health and Wellness Center in Santa Monica, serving Beverly Hills.
The United States Postal Service operates the Beverly Hills Post Office at 325 North Maple Drive, the Crescent Post Office at 323 North Crescent Drive, the Beverly Post Office at 312 South Beverly Drive, and the Eastgate Post Office at 8383 Wilshire Boulevard. The former Beverly Hills Post Office was listed on the National Register of Historic Places on January 11, 1985.
In April 2016, the Beverly Hills City Council passed a resolution to create autonomous vehicles for public transportation within the next decade. Mayor John Mirisch said this was one of his top priorities during his tenure as mayor. "This is a game-changer for Beverly Hills and, we hope, for the region," said Mirisch in the press release. "Beverly Hills is the perfect community to take the lead to make this technology a reality. It is now both feasible and safe for autonomous cars to be on the road."
The BHUSD has a public-access television station called KBEV, which is run by the students of Beverly Hills High School. KBEV was founded in 1968, and produces many programs, including The Norman News, which is the longest-running student news service in the country.
Trousdale Estates is a 410-acre neighborhood of large, luxurious homes in Beverly Hills. It was primarily developed in the 1950s and early 1960s by Paul Trousdale, who petitioned the city to incorporate the land into Beverly Hills soon after purchasing it from The Doheny Family. Greystone Mansion, which is now designated as a United States Historical Site, is in Trousdale Estates. The average sale price of homes in Trousdale is over $10 million.
- Beverly Gardens Park
- Beverly Hills 9/11 Memorial Garden
- Beverly Hills City Hall
- Beverly Hills High School
- Beverly Hills Hotel
- Beverly Hills Police Department
- Beverly Hills Public Library
- Beverly Hills Women's Club
- Beverly Wilshire Hotel
- Electric Fountain
- Greystone Mansion
- La Cienega Park
- Misty Mountain
- Rodeo Drive
- Roxbury Memorial Park
- Virginia Robinson Gardens
- Will Rogers Memorial Park
- David Dreier
- Desi Arnaz
- Desi Arnaz, Jr.
- Lucille Ball
- Lionel Barrymore
- Richard Barthelmess
- Wallace Beery
- Jack Benny
- Polly Bergen
- Susan Blakely
- Floyd Mayweather
- The Alchemist
- Monte Blue
- Ward Bond
- Hobart Bosworth
- William Boyd
- Albert Brooks
- Johnny Mack Brown
- Winifred Bryson
- Alan Casden
- Stanley Chais
- Richard Chamberlain
- Rosemary Clooney
- Lew Cody
- Phil Collins
- Jackie Cooper
- Jeanne Crain
- Laird Cregar
- Robert Cummings
- Richard Dreyfuss
- Nelson Eddy
- Hilda Eisen
- Peter Falk
- Mia Farrow
- Herbert Flam 
- Rhonda Fleming
- Mike Franks
- George Gershwin
- Ira Gershwin
- Burton E. Green
- Hank Greenberg
- EJ Johnson
- Martin Katz
- Fritz Lang
- Jennifer Lawrence
- Logan Lerman
- Mervyn LeRoy
- Oscar Levant
- Jack Linkletter
- Stacy Margolin (born 1959), tennis player
- Groucho Marx
- Kathy May
- Vincente Minnelli
- Elizabeth Montgomery
- Demi Moore
- Agnes Moorehead
- Sam Nazarian
- Guy Oseary
- Markus Persson
- Mary Pickford
- André Previn
- Carl Reiner
- Rob Reiner
- Lionel Richie
- Melissa Rivers
- Haim Saban
- Charlie Sheen
- Judith Sheindlin
- Richard M. Sherman
- Robert B. Sherman
- Al Silvera (1935–2002)
- Phil Spector
- Booboo Stewart
- James Stewart
- Harry Styles
- Brian Teacher (born 1954), tennis player
- Lisa Vanderpump
- Leroy H. Watson
- Betty White
- Pharrell Williams
- William Wyler
In popular culture
Beverly Hills frequently appears in popular culture as a place of conspicuous wealth or luxury, although the actual demographics of the city are more complex. In some films, such as 1990's Pretty Woman, substantial filming took place in the city; in many others, however, such as Beverly Hills Cop (1984), little is shown besides establishing shots of landmarks such as the Beverly Hills Hotel and Rodeo Drive.
In television, the scene in the opening credits of The Andy Griffith Show (1960–1968), in which Sheriff Taylor and Opie carry fishing poles past a pond, was shot at the Franklin Canyon Reservoir at the north end of town, just west of Coldwater Canyon. The CBS sitcom The Beverly Hillbillies (1962–71) followed a hillbilly family who relocate to Bevery Hills from the Ozarks. The city also features in the name of the 1990s soap opera Beverly Hills, 90210, revolving around the lives of teenagers attending the fictional West Beverly Hills High School.
- "California Cities by Incorporation Date". California Association of Local Agency Formation Commissions. Archived from the original (Word) on November 3, 2014. Retrieved August 25, 2014.
- "The City of Beverly Hills Mayor and Council Members". Beverlyhills.org. Retrieved March 31, 2017.
- "Robert "Bob" Wunderlich | California State Library". Voter’s Edge California. Retrieved May 30, 2019.
- "Biography of Interim City Manager Mahdi Aluzri". City of Beverly Hills. Retrieved February 2, 2015.
- "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 1, 2020.
- "Beverly Hills". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved October 20, 2014.
- "Beverly Hills (city) QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on August 16, 2012. Retrieved February 9, 2015.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
- "USPS – ZIP Code Lookup – Search By City". United States Postal Service. Archived from the original on September 3, 2007. Retrieved June 18, 2010.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001), Beverly Hills city, California". American FactFinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved September 3, 2019.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved May 21, 2020.
- "History of Beverly Hills". City of Beverly Hills. Retrieved April 25, 2012.
- Marc Wanamaker (November 16, 2005). Early Beverly Hills. Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 978-0-7385-3068-0. Retrieved August 17, 2012.
- Joy Horowitz (July 19, 2007). Parts Per Million: The Poisoning of Beverly Hills High School. Penguin. p. 42. ISBN 978-0-670-03798-8. Retrieved August 17, 2012.
- Michael Gross (November 1, 2011). Unreal Estate: Money, Ambition, and the Lust for Land in Los Angeles. Random House Digital, Inc. ISBN 978-0-7679-3265-3. Retrieved August 17, 2012.
- Alexander Garvin (June 19, 2002). The American City. McGraw-Hill Professional. p. 383. ISBN 978-0-07-137367-8. Retrieved August 18, 2012.
- Marc Wanamaker, Early Beverly Hills, Mount Pleasant, South Carolina: Arcadia Publishing, 2005, pp. 17–18 
- Professor Robert M. Fogelson (September 28, 2007). Bourgeois Nightmares: Suburbia, 1870–1930. Yale University Press. p. 186. ISBN 978-0-300-12417-0. Retrieved August 18, 2012.
- "2 Sep 1906, 74 - The Los Angeles Times at Newspapers.com". Newspapers.com.
- Marc Wanamaker (October 18, 2006). Beverly Hills: 1930–2005. Arcadia Publishing. p. 69. ISBN 978-0-7385-4659-9. Retrieved August 18, 2012.
- James W. Loewen (September 29, 2005). Sundown Towns: A Hidden Dimension Of American Racism. The New Press. p. 112. ISBN 978-1-59558-674-2. Retrieved August 19, 2012.
- Andrew Wiese (December 15, 2005). Places of Their Own: African American Suburbanization in the Twentieth Century. University of Chicago Press. p. 42. ISBN 978-0-226-89625-0. Retrieved August 19, 2012.
- Railroad Commission of the State of California (1919). Decisions of the Railroad Commission of the State of California. Superintendent of State Printing. p. 897. Retrieved August 18, 2012.
- Robert Fishman (March 31, 1989). Bourgeois Utopias: The Rise And Fall Of Suburbia. Basic Books. p. 168. ISBN 978-0-465-00747-9. Retrieved August 18, 2012.
- Karie Bible; Marc Wanamaker; Harry Medved (November 29, 2010). Location Filming in Los Angeles. Arcadia Publishing. p. 93. ISBN 978-0-7385-8132-3. Retrieved August 18, 2012.
- Debra Ann Pawlak (January 10, 2012). Bringing Up Oscar: The Story of the Men and Women Who Founded the Academy. Open Road Media. p. 135. ISBN 978-1-4532-2618-6. Retrieved August 18, 2012.
- Norma Zager (October 1, 2010). Erin Brockovich and the Beverly Hills Greenscam. Pelican Publishing. p. 141. ISBN 978-1-58980-810-2. Retrieved August 18, 2012.
- Clarence Y. H. Lo (January 23, 1990). Small Property versus Big Government: Social Origins of the Property Tax Revolt, Expanded and Updated edition. University of California Press. p. 164. ISBN 978-0-520-05971-9. Retrieved August 18, 2012.
- Linda Bauer; Steve Bauer (November 1, 2008). Recipes from Historic California: A Restaurant Guide and Cookbook. Taylor Trade Publications. p. 199. ISBN 978-1-58979-348-4. Retrieved August 18, 2012.
- Scott B. MacDonald; Jane Elizabeth Hughes (February 28, 2009). Separating Fools from Their Money: A History of American Financial Scandals. Transaction Publishers. p. 100n. ISBN 978-1-4128-1054-8. Retrieved August 18, 2012.
- Stephen Grant Meyer (October 1, 2001). As Long As They Don't Move Next Door: Segregation and Racial Conflict in American Neighborhoods. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 76. ISBN 978-0-8476-9701-4. Retrieved August 19, 2012.
- Steve Sheppard (April 1, 2007). The History of Legal Education in the United States: Commentaries And Primary Sources. The Lawbook Exchange, Ltd. p. 948n. ISBN 978-1-58477-690-1. Retrieved August 19, 2012.
- Myrna Oliver, Lucy Doheny Battson, 100; Family Made Fortune in Oil, The Los Angeles Times, June 22, 1993
- Bonino, Mary Ann (October 4, 2018). The Doheny Mansion: A Biography of a Home. MaryAnn Bonino. ISBN 9780981642208. Retrieved October 4, 2018 – via Google Books.
- Sloper, Don (October 4, 2018). Los Angeles's Chester Place. Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 9780738546872. Retrieved October 4, 2018 – via Google Books.
- Erika Riggs, Elvis' Beverly Hills home goes on the market, NBC
- Wanamaker, Marc (October 4, 2018). Early Beverly Hills. Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 9780738530680. Retrieved October 4, 2018 – via Google Books.
- Ann Herold, Trousdale Estates Archived May 14, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, Los Angeles, January 9, 2012
- "History and Other Facts". Trousdale Estates Homeowners Association. Retrieved August 24, 2014.
- Max Feeney, Nixon at the Movies: A Book about Belief, Chicago, Illinois: University of Chicago Press, 2012, p. 38 
- Lauren Beale, Hot Property: TV and film director John Rich lists Trousdale Estates home at $11.9 million, The Los Angeles Times, June 6, 2011
- Schwieterman, Joseph P. (2004). When the Railroad Leaves Town: American Communities in the Age of Rail Line Abandonment, Western United States. Kirksville, Missouri: Truman State University Press. p. 32. ISBN 978-1-931112-13-0. Cite has empty unknown parameter:
- Austin Troy (January 10, 2012). The Very Hungry City: Urban Energy Efficiency and the Economic Fate of Cities. Yale University Press. p. 201. ISBN 978-0-300-16231-8. Retrieved August 18, 2012.
- L.A. Metro. "Summer 2013 – General Fact Sheet – Purple Line Extension" (PDF). Retrieved July 25, 2013.
- "Gay marriage ban: How cities in Los Angeles County voted". Los Angeles Times.
- Carlton, Jim (May 5, 2015). "Nowhere Is Safe From California Drought—Not Even Beverly Hills". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved January 8, 2017.
- Torok, Ryan (September 8, 2015). "L.A. County, Beverly Hills discuss their own water deals with Israel". The Jewish Journal of Greater Los Angeles. Retrieved August 17, 2016.
- Talbot, Victoria (July 1, 2016). "Beverly Hills Receives Livability Award From USCM for Second Time" (PDF). The Beverly Hills Courier. L1 (27). p. 17. Archived from the original (PDF) on July 12, 2017. Retrieved July 1, 2016.
- Talbot, Victoria (September 6, 2016). "Beverly Hills Community Dog Park Opens Today". The Beverly Hills Courier. Retrieved August 22, 2016.
- "Dog Park: Events- Grand Opening Ceremony". City of Beverly Hills. Archived from the original on September 9, 2016. Retrieved September 6, 2016.
- Google map
- Bozorgmehr, Mehdi, Claudia Der-Martirosian, and Georges Sabagh. "Middle Easterners: A New Kind of Immigrant" (Chapter 12). In: Waldinger, Roger and Mehdi Bozorgmehr (editors). Ethnic Los Angeles. Russell Sage Foundation, December 5, 1996. Start page 345. ISBN 1610445473, ISBN 9781610445474. Cited: p. 347. "[...]in Beverly Hills, Bel Air, and Brentwood, known in local parlance as "the three Bs.""
- Melton, Mary. "The Stars of Star Maps." Los Angeles Times. August 25, 1996. "Each map tends to cover the "three Bs": Brentwood, Bel-Air and Beverly Hills. A few toss in a Malibu sidebar."
- Myers, David W. "A Sad Westside Story : Home Prices Have Declined as Much as 50% Since the 1980s." Los Angeles Times. May 28, 1993. Retrieved on July 4, 2014. "But, as Meyer's case suggests, nowhere have those losses been as dramatic as the high-priced area on the Westside known as the "three Bs"--Brentwood, Bel-Air and Beverly Hills."
- "Beverly Hills, CA Monthly Weather". The Weather Channel. 2019. Retrieved May 26, 2020.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA – Beverly Hills city". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 15, 2014. Retrieved July 12, 2014.
- WINTON, RICHARD; WATANABE, TERESA; KRIKORIAN, GREG (November 10, 2007). "LAPD defends Muslim mapping effort". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved November 28, 2019.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
- Beverly Hills Internet, Builder of Web Communities, Changes Name to GeoCities; Monthly Page. Business Wire. Thursday December 14, 1995. Retrieved April 29, 2010.
- Horowitz, Joy. Parts per million: the poisoning of Beverly Hills High School. p. 8. Viking, 2007. ISBN 0-670-03798-2.
- "BHHS Oil Well — KBEV". KBEV - Beverly Hills. Retrieved September 5, 2019.
- "Beverly Hills City Council changing election cycles". Park Labrea News/ Beverly Press. October 5, 2017.
- "Mayor and Councilmembers". www.beverlyhills.org.
- Kevin West, "The Persian Conquest" Archived February 29, 2012, at the Wayback Machine, W, July 2009 (retrieved October 14, 2009).
- "Statewide Database". UC Regents. Archived from the original on February 1, 2015. Retrieved November 23, 2014.
- "California's 33rd Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC.
- "SPA5 – West Area Health Office." Los Angeles County Department of Health Services. Retrieved April 29, 2010.
- "Simms/Mann Health and Wellness Center." Los Angeles County Department of Health Services. Retrieved April 29, 2010.
- "Post Office Location – BEVERLY HILLS". United States Postal Service. Archived from the original on December 24, 2008. Retrieved April 29, 2010.
- "Post Office Location – CRESCENT". United States Postal Service. Archived from the original on December 24, 2008. Retrieved April 29, 2010.
- "Post Office Location – BEVERLY". United States Postal Service. Archived from the original on December 24, 2008. Retrieved April 29, 2010.
- "Post Office Location – EASTGATE". United States Postal Service. Archived from the original on December 24, 2008. Retrieved April 29, 2010.
- Official Zoning Map (Map). City of Beverly Hills. Retrieved April 29, 2010.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
- "Autonomous Vehicles". Beverlyhills.org. Retrieved April 24, 2016.
- "City Council Passes Resolution Creating Autonomous Vehicle Program : A.V. Summit to Be Held in Beverly Hills This Fall" (PDF). Beverlyhills.org. Retrieved October 4, 2018.
- "Grayson Brulte | Brulte & Company". Brulte & Company. Retrieved April 24, 2016.
- Vincent, James (April 18, 2016). "Beverly Hills wants to upgrade its public transportation with self-driving cars". The Verge. Retrieved April 24, 2016.
- "KBEV Live!". Beverly Hills Student Television. Retrieved August 19, 2012.
- Price, Steven M. (January 17, 2017). Trousdale Estates : Midcentury to modern in Beverly Hills. Dunning, Brad,, Schmidt, Stephen. New York, NY. ISBN 9781941393376. OCLC 961859428.
- "History of Greystone". www.beverlyhills.org. Retrieved September 5, 2019.
- "Trousdale Estates, Los Angeles Housing Market: House Prices & Trends | Redfin". www.redfin.com. Retrieved September 3, 2019.
- "Beverly Hills' David Dreier Named To James Madison Montpelier Board of Trustees". Beverly Hills Courier. May 26, 2016. Retrieved January 5, 2020.
- "One-time Lucille Ball home is for sale in Beverly Hills". Latimes.com. Retrieved December 31, 2015.
- MITCHELL, JOHN L. (February 12, 1989). "Beverly Hills High School Honors Noted Alumni With Hall of Fame". Los Angeles Times. ISSN 0458-3035. Retrieved February 19, 2016.
- "Roxbury Drive, street of the Stars". Seeing-stars.com. Archived from the original on December 26, 2015. Retrieved December 31, 2015.
- "Rome News-Tribune – Google News Archive Search". News.google.com. Retrieved February 19, 2016.
- said, V. E. G. "HOMES OF THE WESTERN STARS A-B". Charles Starrett – One Fan's Journey. Retrieved January 2, 2016.
- "Life After 50" = October, 2013
- Wanamaker, Marc (January 1, 2005). Early Beverly Hills. Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 9780738530680.
- Slansky, Paul (April 13, 2014). "The Stacks: The Inimitable Albert Brooks Caught at the Dawn of His Movie Career". The Daily Beast. Retrieved February 19, 2016.
- "Ottawa Citizen – Google News Archive Search". News.google.com. Retrieved January 1, 2016.
- "Alan Casen". Forbes.
- Stuart Pfeifer, David Sarno, Stanley Chais dies at 84; money manager invested with Bernard Madoff, The Los Angeles Times, September 27, 2010
- King, Susan (April 28, 2010). "Classic Hollywood: Richard Chamberlain is as busy as ever". Los Angeles Times. ISSN 0458-3035. Retrieved February 19, 2016.
- Vazzana, Eugene Michael (2001). Silent Film Necrology. McFarland & Company Incorporated Pub. p. 96. ISBN 0-7864-1059-0.
- RYON, RUTH (April 5, 1992). "'Odds' Man Out $8.5M for Home". Los Angeles Times. ISSN 0458-3035. Retrieved February 19, 2016.
- "Actor Jackie Cooper Dies In Beverly Hills At Age 88". BH Courier. May 4, 2011. Archived from the original on March 5, 2016. Retrieved February 19, 2016.
- "Jeanne Crain WIFE...MOTHER...STAR! (August 7, 1955)". Retrieved December 31, 2015.
- "The Milwaukee Journal – Google News Archive Search". News.google.com. Retrieved January 1, 2016.
- Weber, Bruce (June 24, 2011). "Peter Falk, 'Columbo' Actor, Dies at 83". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved December 31, 2015.
- Gates, Henry Louis Jr. (March 9, 2016). "Mia Farrow's Interactive Family Tree". Oregon Public Broadcasting (OPB). Finding Your Roots. Portland, Oregon: PBS. Archived from the original on November 9, 2016.
- "Jewish Post 21 December 1956 — Hoosier State Chronicles: Indiana's Digital Historic Newspaper Program". Newspapers.library.in.gov. Retrieved October 4, 2018.
- "Rhonda Fleming". Latimes.com. Retrieved February 19, 2016.
- "World Tennis". CBS Publications. October 4, 1975. Retrieved October 4, 2018 – via Google Books.
- "Home – The George Gershwin House". Georgegershwinhouse.com. Retrieved December 31, 2015.
- "Former Ira Gershwin home: a victim of 'buy and demolish'". Los Angeles Times. ISSN 0458-3035. Retrieved December 31, 2015.
- Hills, The Legendary Estates of Beverly. "Cove Way – Burton E Green Estate". The Legendary Estates of Beverly Hills. Retrieved February 19, 2016.
- "Hank Greenberg, First $100,000 Player, Dies". Articles.latimes.com. September 5, 1986. Retrieved October 4, 2018.
- "ESPN.com - E-ticket: Passing on the Magic". November 25, 2005. Archived from the original on November 25, 2005.
- "Martin Katz on Why He's Now Selling on Net-a-Porter". JCK. 2019. Retrieved December 28, 2019.
- "Fritz Lang – Hollywood's German Expressionist". Hollywoodsgoldenage.com. Retrieved January 1, 2016.
- "Inside Jennifer Lawrence's New $8MM House in Beverly Hills". Curbed.com. October 23, 2014. Retrieved December 13, 2015.
- "Logan Lerman". IMDb.com. Retrieved January 1, 2016.
- Flint, Peter B. (September 14, 1987). "Mervyn LeRoy, 86, Dies; Director and Producer". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved December 31, 2015.
- "Oscar Levant". Answers.com. Retrieved November 13, 2014.
- "The Day – Google News Archive Search". News.google.com. Retrieved February 19, 2016.
- "STACY MARGOLIN POTTER". ITA Women's Hall of Fame.
- Beale, Lauren (August 26, 2009). "Beverly Hills house that was built for Groucho Marx is listed at $12.9 million". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved April 9, 2020.
- Jonge, Peter de (August 24, 2016). "The Making of America's Next Great Tennis Talent, in Two Very Different Labs". Intelligencer.
- HARVEY, STEVE (July 26, 1986). "Director, 83, Won Award for 'Gigi' : Oscar Winner Vincente Minnelli Dies". Los Angeles Times. ISSN 0458-3035. Retrieved February 19, 2016.
- "The Death of Elizabeth Montgomery" https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RZhmqFzCSg0
- "At Home(s) with Demi and Ashton". Retrieved March 10, 2016.
- "Nightclub mogul Sam Nazarian reloads lavish party pad in L.A.'s 90210". Los Angeles Times. 2018.
- "What It's Like to Spend Five Minutes With Madonna". The Hollywood Reporter. 2018.
- Victoria Talbot, $70 Million is Highest Price Ever in Beverly Hills for a Home Archived December 24, 2014, at the Wayback Machine, The Beverly Hills Courier, December 19, 2014
- "Mary Pickford at Filmbug". Filmbug. Retrieved January 24, 2007.
- "André Previn's place in L.A. Philharmonic history". Los Angeles Times. May 31, 2009. Retrieved February 19, 2016.
- 'Musicals, Concerts, Children's Shows, and More Highlight Annenberg's 2014-2015 Season', The Beverly Hills Courier, September 12, 2014, p. 10 
- Nichols, Nancy Collins,Mary E. "Lionel Richie | Architectural Digest". Architectural Digest. Retrieved March 6, 2016.
- "Melissa Rivers: Biography". msn.com. Archived from the original on June 22, 2013. Retrieved May 8, 2013.
- "Haim Saban". Forbes. Cite has empty unknown parameter:
- "Judge Judy Buys in Beverly Hills". Retrieved June 4, 2016.
- "Richard M. Sherman 90th Birthday Tribute". BeverlyHills.org. Retrieved August 13, 2018.
- Beale, Lauren (January 15, 2015). "Songwriter Robert Sherman's house sells in Beverly Hills". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved August 13, 2018.
- Horvitz, Peter S.; Horvitz, Joachim (August 14, 2001). The Big Book of Jewish Baseball. SP Books. ISBN 9781561719730 – via Google Books.
- "Phil Spector, Freaky Genius of Rock, Is Alive If Not Well and Searching for Gold Once More : People.com". People.com. Retrieved February 19, 2016.
- "Get to Know X-Men's Booboo Stewart". Audrey Magazine. Archived from the original on May 23, 2014. Retrieved May 27, 2014.
- "James Stewart, the Hesitant Hero, Dies at 89". Nytimes.com. Retrieved December 31, 2015.
- "British Boy Bander Harry Styles Buys Bev Hills Bachelor Pad". Retrieved March 10, 2016.
- San Diego Magazine, Volume 33, p. 93, March 1981.
- "2 Cities Get New Mayors". Los Angeles Times. Los Angeles, CA. April 19, 1962. p. 1 – via Newspapers.com.
- Minton, Melissa (May 22, 2018). "Pharrell Williams Purchased Tyler Perry's $15.6 Million Beverly Hills Home". architecturaldigest.com. ArchitecturalDigest. Retrieved January 12, 2019.
"Pharrell Williams has reportedly purchased Tyler Perry's Beverly Hills home for $15.6 million".
- Maslin, Janet (July 29, 1981). "WYLER IS DEAD AT 79; DIRECTOR HAD WON 3 ACADEMY AWARDS". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved December 31, 2015.
- Ferrell, David (January 28, 1990), "Town That Tells Time on a Rolex : Beverly Hills is a small place really. It's money and glitz that make it different and, for most, irresistible", The Los Angeles Times, retrieved October 15, 2020
- "Take a walk to Andy Griffith's Mayberry in Franklin Canyon". LA Times Blogs. July 7, 2012. Retrieved January 27, 2017.
- Itzkoff, Dave (August 29, 2008). "When Teenage Angst Had Its Own ZIP Code". The New York Times. Retrieved February 15, 2020.
- Herbert, Steven (July 7, 1991). "A Post-Graduate Commentary". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved February 15, 2020.
- "Beverly Hills Sister City Relationships Renewed with Focus on Education and Commerce". Sister Cities International. March 7, 2002. Retrieved August 17, 2012.
- "Sister Cities Committee". City of Beverly Hills. July 1, 2019. Retrieved July 1, 2019.
- Beverly Hills: 1930–2005 By Marc Wanamaker ISBN 9780738546599
- Beverly Hills: An Illustrated History by Genevieve Davis ISBN 978-0-89781-238-2
- Beverly Hills: Inside the Golden Ghetto By Walter WagnerPublished 1976
- "History of Beverly Hills." BY Pierce E. Bendict. Published 1934.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Beverly Hills, California.|
- Official website
- Beverly Hills travel guide from Wikivoyage
- Beverly Hills City photographs
- Beverly Hills article at Encyclopaedida Britannica
- Beverly Hills profile from the Los Angeles Times
- History of Beverly Hills