Beverly Hills Speedway
|Location||Beverly Hills, California, United States|
|Owner||Beverly Hills Speedway Association|
|Opened||February 28, 1920|
|Length||1.25 mi (2.01 km)|
The Beverly Hills Speedway (also called the Los Angeles Speedway) was a 1.25-mile (2.01 km) wooden board track for automobile racing in Beverly Hills, California. It was built in 1919 on 275 acres (1.11 km2) of land that includes the site of today's Beverly Wilshire Hotel, just outside the "Golden Triangle". The former site is bounded by Wilshire Boulevard, South Beverly Drive, Olympic Boulevard and Lasky Drive. The project was financed by a group of racers and businessmen that called itself the Beverly Hills Speedway Association. The track was the first in the United States to be designed with banked turns incorporating an engineering solution known as a spiral easement.
The Speedway operated for four years and attracted many historically significant competitors including Ralph DePalma, Jimmy Murphy, and Tommy Milton. It was also the site of a racing accident that killed National Champion (posthumous) and Indianapolis 500 winner Gaston Chevrolet in 1920.
Because of rapidly increasing real estate values, the Speedway became an uneconomical use of property. The track was torn down and the Association moved its racing operation a few miles away to Culver City, California in 1924.
Wooden board tracks were already established in the United States prior to World War I, and such a track had already been successful in Southern California. The Los Angeles Motordrome in nearby Playa del Rey was the first-ever wooden track purpose-built for motorized competition. The Motordrome created a sensation when it was built in 1910, attracting large crowds of paying spectators for two years before it was destroyed by a fire.
The Speedway Association consisted of eleven members around a nucleus of racer Cliff Durant (son of General Motors' William C. Durant) and William Danziger of the Rodeo Land and Water Company, and included future three-time Indianapolis 500 winner Louis Meyer. The group purchased land from a bean farmer at $1,000 per acre (0.40 ha) in 1919 and began work once the farmer had harvested his crop.
The circular Motordrome in Playa del Rey had been built by contractor Jack Prince, a British former bicycle racer who was given the work on the strength of his experience building velodromes. Prince had subsequently built a number of oval tracks, many of which suffered from badly designed transitions between the straightaways and curves. The Association's civil engineer, Art Pillsbury, turned to Prince for consultation, found that he was a capable builder but was "quite innocent of any engineering knowledge," and so resorted to a method used by railroads, called the Searle Spiral Easement Curve, to design the track's layout and contours.
Prince and Pillsbury had set out to build the fastest race track in the nation, and they may have succeeded. At the inaugural event for the brand new facility, which was also the opening race of the 1920 Championship season, victorious Jimmy Murphy averaged more than 103 miles per hour (166 km/h) in the 250-mile (400 km) contest, a pace that would not be seen in time trials at the much larger Indianapolis Motor Speedway until 1923. The race was attended by 50,000 fans.
In addition to racing, the Speedway hosted other events such as horse shows, and was used as a movie location. The Speedway hosted the opening and closing rounds of the Championship for its first three years, but would only host a single contest in 1924. The final race was held February 24, 1924, before a crowd of 85,000. On that day Harlan Fengler broke the world record for a 250-mile (400 km) race, averaging 116.6 miles per hour (187.6 km/h).
After just four years, the 70,000-seat stadium was disassembled to make room for other improvements, as the land was deemed more valuable than the track that lay atop it. The property was sold to a developer for $10,000 per acre. By 1928, the Beverly Wilshire hotel would be built on the site of the track's north-west turn. The Speedway Association would later open a new track in Culver City, just south of MGM studios.
Statistics for winners of each race.
|Date||Driver||Distance (miles)1||Car||Average speed|
|February 28, 1920||Jimmy Murphy||250||Duesenberg||103.2||166.1|
|March 28, 1920||Art Klein||50||Peugeot||110.8||178.3|
|March 28, 1920||Jimmy Murphy||50||Duesenberg||110.3||177.5|
|March 28, 1920||Tommy Milton||50||Duesenberg||111.8||179.9|
|November 25, 19202||Roscoe Sarles||250||Duesenberg||103.2||166.1|
|February 27, 1921||Ralph DePalma||25||Ballot||106.46||171.33|
|February 27, 1921||Roscoe Sarles||25||Duesenberg||107.27||172.63|
|February 27, 1921||Jimmy Murphy||25||Duesenberg||103.75||166.97|
|February 27, 1921||Tommy Milton||25||Miller||104.30||167.85|
|February 27, 1921||Ralph DePalma||50||Ballot||107.39||172.83|
|April 10, 1921||Ralph DePalma||25||Ballot||106.3||171.1|
|April 10, 1921||Eddie Pullen||25||Duesenberg||107.9||173.6|
|April 10, 1921||Joe Thomas||25||Duesenberg||105.8||170.3|
|April 10, 1921||Jimmy Murphy||25||Duesenberg||107.3||172.7|
|April 10, 1921||Jimmy Murphy||50||Duesenberg||109.26||175.84|
|November 24, 1921||Eddie Hearne||250||Duesenberg||109.7||176.5|
|March 5, 1922||Tommy Milton||250||Durant-Miller||110.8||178.3|
|April 2, 1922||Pietro Bordino||25||Fiat||114.84||184.82|
|April 2, 1922||Tommy Milton||25||Durant-Miller||115.17||185.35|
|April 2, 1922||Jimmy Murphy||25||Duesenberg||114.22||183.82|
|April 2, 1922||Frank Elliott||25||Miller||114.52||184.30|
|April 2, 1922||Tommy Milton||50||Durant-Miller||115.24||185.46|
|December 3, 1922||Jimmy Murphy||250||Miller||114.6||184.4|
|February 25, 1923||Jimmy Murphy||250||Miller||115.65||186.12|
|November 29, 1923||Bennett Hill||250||Miller||112.42||180.92|
|February 24, 1924||Harlan Fengler||250||Miller||116.6||187.6|
- 500 mi ≈ 800 km, 250 mi ≈ 400 km and 25 mi ≈ 40 km
- Gaston Chevrolet and Eddie O'Donnell collided and crashed into one another during the Thanksgiving Day Beverly Hills Speedway Classic race. Chevrolet was killed along with O'Donnell, and Lyall Jolls, his riding mechanic, died the next day.
- Wanamaker, Marc (2005). Early Beverly Hills. Arcadia Publishers. pp. 68, 82, 104. ISBN 9780738530680.
- Glick, Shav (October 14, 1987). "BOARD TRACKS : Before Indianapolis, L.A.'s Toothpick Ovals Were King". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved July 31, 2012.
- Borgeson, Griffith (1998). The Golden Age of the American Racing Car. SAE International. pp. 16–24. ISBN 9780768000238.
- "Indianapolis Motor Speedway". Racing-Reference.info. Retrieved 21 July 2012.
- Rasmussen, Cecilia (October 19, 1992). "Automobile Racing". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved August 1, 2012.
- Milligan, Bernie (August 30, 1970). "Bernie Milligan (columnist)". Van Nuys Valley News. p. 39. Retrieved July 31, 2012.
- "GASTON CHEVROLET KILLED IN RACE". The Crittenden Automotive Library. Retrieved July 12, 2008.