Beylagan District

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Beyləqan
Rayon
Map of Azerbaijan showing Beylagan Rayon
Map of Azerbaijan showing Beylagan Rayon
CountryAzerbaijan
CapitalBeylagan
Area
 • Total1,131.1 km2 (436.7 sq mi)
Population
 • Total81,700
Postal code1200
Telephone code(+994) 21[1]

Beylagan (Beyləqan) is a rayon of Azerbaijan, with capital city being Beylagan. Beylagan district was founded on November 24, 1939 and called Jdanov during 1939 - 1963 period. In 1963 Beylagan district was liquidated and merged with the Imishli district. The name of the district was renamed Beylagan with regard to the 1989 dated decree of the Supreme Council of Azerbaijan SSR. Center of the district is Beylagan city where got city status in 1966. The district consists of overall 42 settlements including one city, 16 settlements and 25 villages. Beylagan district is controlled by overall 37 municipalities. Ganja – Lankaran and Baku – Fuzili subways pass through the district.

Etymology[edit]

The name of Beylagan historically used in different forms particularly, Paytakaran, Balasakan, Bilgan, Millar and Beylagan. A number of considerations associated with toponymy of Beylagan. In accordance with the historical name “Beylagan” derived from the words “pila” (valley) and “gan” (place) and corresponds to the meaning of field or valley.

Another view claims that Beylagan historically situated on the Barda – Ardabil trade way. Because of that reason city become one of the main trade centers in the 9th – 12th centuries. The toponymy “Beylagan” interrelated to that historical base, which means trade way or the place where trading took place. According to the other statements the toponymy is related to the name of the “bel” tribe who lived there at that time. “Beylagan” means the place where “bel” tribes are settled regarding to that view.[2]

History[edit]

There is mentioned the name of the district in a various historical books. One of them “Roads and Countries” is written by Naila Valikhanli. Dimensions of the main historical trade ways are indicated in that book. At the same time, indication of the route from Greece to Beylagan shows the significance of the city. According to the sources, the North – South line (Derbent – Ardabil road) of the Silk Road passed through Beylagan. Traders of the city built relations with China, India, Iran, Georgia and Byzantium through thanks to this geophysical condition.

In accordance with the historical sources Beylagan was founded in the 5th century. In the 13th century the city was completely destroyed by mongol invasions. Reconstruction of Beylagan started by Amir Teymur in the 14th century but after his death works in that territory stopped. Ancient Beylagan city was ruined in the 16th century and has never been restored again.[2]

Geography[edit]

Beylagan is one of the south – western district of Azerbaijan and situated in Mil valley of the Kur – Araz lowland and in the middle of the Kur and Araz rivers. Geographical coordinates are 39°45’ North latitude and 47°30’ West longitude and bordering Agchabadi, Zardab, Imishli, Fuzuli districts and Iran Islamic Republic in the south – east. Some parts of the Harami plain belong to the district and the north – east part is below the ocean level. More than 40% of the territory is 0 – 100 meters, 25% is 100 – 200 meters and 35% is below 0 meter. Absolute altitude changes between 200 – 250 meters towards Harami plain. Generally, Beylagan is considered as a seismic active zone.

Territory is completely plain. Relief is covered by sand, gravel and other sedimentary rocks belong to the Anthropogenic period of the Cenozoic era. 4th period sedimentary rocks are widespread in the district. At the same time, all sedimentary minerals are found in the territory. There is found gravel, sand in the Harami and Arazboyu plains. Researches reveal that there are a lot of potable water resources in the Harami plain and they are partly used. Furthermore, territory is used as a pasture.[3]

Climate[edit]

In the Koppen climate classification, Beylagan has a semi – arid climate with hot summers and mild winters. Geophysical location plays the main role in the formation of the climate. Thus, the area is constantly affected by cyclones and air flows come from tropics and Central Asia. The average annual temperature is 14 °C. January is characterized by average 1,8 °C and average temperature is 26 °C in July.

Flora and Fauna[edit]

Indigenous flora is characterized by semi – arid plants. The coastal area of the Kur river is covered by poplars, mulberry, cypress trees and tugai forests in a small area.

Gazelle, fox, boar, wolf, grey rabbit are characteristic animals for the district. In the Tugai forests and swamp areas there are found hedgehogs, wolves, boars, snakes, owls and woodpeckers. There are ducks, vessels and seagulls in the ponds.

Several indigenous spices of plants and animals are protected in the Ag-Gol National Reserve where located in both Agchabadi and Beylagan districts. There are reserved especially migratory birds.[3]

Architecture[edit]

Archaeological monuments[edit]

Archaeological investigations in the district prove that people lived there more than six thousand years ago. There are several monuments that registered by the Ministry of Culture and Tourism of Azerbaijan. They are Orangala (relicts of the ancient Beylagan city), Chardakli, Kultapa, Qaratapa, Saritapa, Chataltapa, Garaytapa, Tazakand, the first and second Sultanbud settlements, Saritapa, Sultanbud cemeteries and Beylagan tower.

Religious architecture[edit]

Beylagan is only district in Azerbaijan where tomb of Prophet Charchis is situated. The tomb was built in the 17th – 18th centuries. Nowadays the tomb of Prophet Charchis is used as a religious sanctuary and people come there from various countries specially, Iran, Georgia and Middle East countries. There is also a mosque named after Prophet Charchis. Other mosques are Dunyamallar, Amina khatun and Turkish mosques in the district.

Furthermore, there are some sanctuaries of sayyids such as Sayyid Aga, Sayyid Khirda, Sayyid Miryusif and Sayyid Ali Aga in Beylagan.[2]

Statues[edit]

There are a lot of statues in the district. Most of these statues are historical and notable people; Akif Akberov (National Hero of Azerbaijan), Garay Asedov (Hero of the Soviet Union), Hazi Aslanov (Hero of the Soviet Union), Nariman Narimanov (politician), Ilham Guliyev, Ilqar Gurbanov, Gadim Aliyev, Mehdi Mehdizadeh, Namig Allahverdiyev, Nazim Guliyev and Sevil Gaziyeva.

Monuments[edit]

A list of important monuments of Beylagan includes the Labor Union monument, the March 31, Genocide monument complex of Azerbaijanis, the monument complex in memory of Karabakh war, the monument in memory of the Hero of Soviet Union Garay Asadov and the monument of Heydar Aliyev.[2]

Economy[edit]

Economy of Beylagan is characterized by agricultural activities especially cotton, vine, grain growing fields.

Demography[edit]

According to the statistics in 2017 the population is 96,4 thousand people. Population of the district includes various nationalities.

Nationalities Percent
Azerbaijanis 97,53
Turkish people 2,36
Russians 0,05
Tatars 0,03
Talishes 0,01
Ukrainians 0,00
Other nations 0,02

People’s settlement in urban areas is less than villages, respectively 42,16% and 57,84%.[4]

Notable people[edit]

Beylagan district prides on having produced a number of historical legendary people like, Masud ibn Namndar, Muciraddin Beylagani, Nacmaddin Beylagani and Shibaddin Beylagani. Some of the district’s notable residents include scientists, writers, sportsmen, heroes and musicians.

Scientists: Asgar Abdullayev, Tahir Ağayev, Abish Allahverdiyev, Vaqif Allahverdiyev, Ravan Babayev, Kanan Bashirov, Asif Cavadov, Hidayat Cafarov, Sadi Jafarov, Iltifat Aliyarli, Suleyman Aliyarli, Dursun Aliyeva, Maharram Aliyev, Alamdar Farzaliyev, Mahmud Fatiyev, Samad Hacıyev, Eldar Haseynov, Babakishi Karimov, Nazir Karimov, Alish Gasimov, Karam Guliyev, Vilayat Guliyev, Xalida Guliyeva, Ayyub Mammadov, Yunis Salahov, Nizami Seyidaliyev, Kamil Mammədov, Yavar Valiyev and Elmira Zeynalova.

Hero of the Soviet Union: Garay Asadov.

Hero of Socialist Labour: Gulzar Abdullayeva, Gulustan Agayeva, Gullu Jabbarova, Maral Jafarova, Allahqulu Haciyev, Mulayim Hasanova, Bahadur Huseynov, Rashid Imanov, Sardar Imraliyev, Sevil Qaziyeva, Ahmad Ahmadov, Barshad Guliyev, Mursal Mehraliyev, Imran Mammadov, Huseyn Panahov, Havvakhanum Rzayeva, Alibala Shirinov, Askinaz Usubova.

National Heros of Azerbaijan: Namiq Allahverdiyev, Akif Akbarov, Matlab Guliyev, Nazim Guliyev.

Writers: Aga Savalanli, Asif Jafarli, Bahram Farmanzadeh, Elman Israfiloglu, Zakir Aliyev, Asad Jahangir, Faiq Dargahov, Ibrahim Kabirli, Islam Kabirli, Mamməd Oruc, Arif Madatov, Oqtay Madatov, Nigar Fatiyeva, Iltizam Rustamov, Saxavat Sahil, Samadkhan Beylaqanli, Shafaq Nasir, Tamara Valiyeva, Vaqif Jafarli, Yusif Nagmakar, Zaki Beylagani, Zulfuqar Shahsevanli and so on.

Sportsmen: Kochari Beylaganli, Namiq Guliyev, Nuraddin Beylaganli, Zulfiyya Huseynova, Shahin Diniyev, Sevindik Ahmadov, Misir Khudaverdiyev, Eldaniz Tahirov, Sahib Nasibov etc.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Şəhərlərarası telefon kodları". Aztelekom MMC. Aztelekom İB. Retrieved 19 August 2015. (in Azerbaijani)
  2. ^ a b c d e "Tarixi - BEYLƏQAN RAYON Icra Hakimiyyəti". www.beyleqan-ih.gov.az. Retrieved 2018-07-14.
  3. ^ a b "Coğrafi mövqeyi - BEYLƏQAN RAYON Icra Hakimiyyəti". www.beyleqan-ih.gov.az. Retrieved 2018-07-27.
  4. ^ "Beylagan district".

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 39°46′N 47°37′E / 39.767°N 47.617°E / 39.767; 47.617