Beylik of Tunis

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Beylik of Tunis
Beylik of the Ottoman Empire


Flag (19th century)[citation needed]

Salam al-Bey
The Beylik of Tunis in 1707
Capital Tunis
Government Monarchy
 -  1705-1735 Al-Husayn I ibn Ali at-Turki
 -  1859-1881 Muhammad III as-Sadiq
 -  Established 15 July 1705
 -  Protectorate 12 May 1881
Currency Rial until 1891

The Beylik of Tunis was founded on July 15, 1705, after the Husainid Dynasty led by Al-Husayn I ibn Ali at-Turki defeated the Turkish Deys.

Ottoman beylik[edit]

Although defeating the Deys, Tunisia continued to be a vassal of the Ottoman Empire and the Friday prayer was pronounced in the name of the Ottoman Sultan, money was coined in his honour, and an annual ambassador brought gifts to Constantinople but the Ottomans never again exacted obedience.

In the 19th century, the country became mostly autonomous, although it was still officially an Ottoman province. In 1861, Tunisia enacted the first constitution in the Arab world, but a move toward independence was hampered by the poor economy and political unrest. In 1869, Tunisia declared itself bankrupt, and an international financial commission with representatives from France, United Kingdom, and Italy took control over the economy.

French protectorate[edit]

Tunisia became a protectorate of France on May 12, 1881, after the French claimed that Tunisian troops had crossed the border into their colony of Algeria. Tunisia later received its independence from France on March 20, 1956.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]