Beylik of Tunis

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Beylik of Tunis
Beylik of the Ottoman Empire
1705–1881
Flag
Pre-1999 Flag of Tunisia.svg
Anthem
Salam al-Bey
The Beylik of Tunis in 1707
Capital Tunis
Languages Tunisian Arabic, Ottoman Turkish, Judeo-Tunisian Arabic, Domari
Religion Sunni Islam, Judaism
Government Monarchy
Bey
 •  1705–35 Al-Husayn I ibn Ali at-Turki
 •  1859–81 Muhammad III as-Sadiq
History
 •  Established 15 July 1705
 •  Protectorate 12 May 1881
Currency Tunisian rial (to 1891)
Tunisian franc (1891 on)
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Ottoman Tunisia
French protectorate of Tunisia
Today part of  Tunisia

The Beylik of Tunis was a largely autonomous beylik of the Ottoman Empire founded on July 15, 1705, after the Husainid Dynasty led by Al-Husayn I ibn Ali at-Turki defeated the Turkish Deys, that controlled what is now Tunisia.

Ottoman beylik[edit]

Although defeating the Deys, Tunisia continued to be a vassal of the Ottoman Empire and the Friday prayer was pronounced in the name of the Ottoman Sultan, money was coined in his name, and an annual ambassador brought gifts to Constantinople, but the Ottomans never again exacted obedience.

In the 19th century, the country became mostly autonomous, although it was still officially an Ottoman province. In 1861, Tunisia enacted the first constitution in the Arab world, but a move toward independence was hampered by the poor economy and political unrest. In 1869, Tunisia declared itself bankrupt, and an international financial commission with representatives from France, United Kingdom, and Italy took control over the economy.

French protectorate[edit]

Tunisia became a protectorate of France on May 12, 1881, after the French claimed that Tunisian troops had crossed the border into their colony of Algeria. Tunisia later received its independence from France on March 20, 1956.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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