Beyond Belief: Science, Religion, Reason and Survival
Beyond Belief: Science, Religion, Reason and Survival, the first of The Science Network's annual Beyond Belief symposia, held from November 5–7, 2006 at the Salk Institute for Biological Studies in La Jolla, California, was described by the New York Times, as "a free-for-all on science and religion," which seemed at times like "the founding convention for a political party built on a single plank: in a world dangerously charged with ideology, science needs to take on an evangelical role, vying with religion as teller of the greatest story ever told."
Conference goals and topics
The event was conceived as a response to the efforts of the Templeton Foundation to reconcile science with religion, according to its underwriter Robert Zeps, who told an interviewer, "I am not anti-Templeton in the sense of funding scientists to say mean things about religion. I simply believe that all study should be free of any particular agenda besides learning...Most take the position that the religious right are just nuts who are loud but frankly undeserving of a response...I believe that Bill Gates and Steve Jobs and pretty much all of the tech age wealth is firmly on the side of science and they need to step up and say so in a way that is heard by the anti-science lobby."
Many conference participants leveled strong criticism at the activities of the Templeton Foundation, charging that it attempted to blur the line between science and religion, and that it funded "garbage research" aimed at showing a healing effect of prayer. The Templeton foundation has funded numerous conferences intended to "smooth over the differences between science and religion" and portray them as metaphysically equivalent.
The conference devoted its final session to "the negative effects of introducing religion into medicine." A Templeton spokesperson responded by warning against “commercialized ideological scientism," the effort to profit from promoting science as the only guide to truth.
- Can science help us create a new rational narrative as poetic and powerful as those that have traditionally sustained societies?
- Can we treat religion as a natural phenomenon?
- Can we be good without God? And if not God, then what?
Speakers included physicists Steven Weinberg and Lawrence Krauss, author Sam Harris, Michael Shermer, biologists Joan Roughgarden and Richard Dawkins, neuroscientist Vilayanur S. Ramachandran and astrophysicist Neil deGrasse Tyson.
- Steven Weinberg
- Lawrence Krauss
- Sam Harris
- Michael Shermer
- Neil deGrasse Tyson
- Terrence Sejnowski
- Joan Roughgarden
- Richard Dawkins
- Francisco Ayala
- Carolyn Porco
- Stuart Hameroff
- Vilayanur S. Ramachandran
- Paul Davies
- Steven Nadler
- Patricia Churchland
- Susan Neiman
- Loyal Rue
- Elizabeth Loftus
- Mahzarin Banaji
- Scott Atran
- Harold Kroto
- Charles L. Harper Jr., John Templeton Foundation
- Ann Druyan
- James Woodward, University of Pittsburgh
- Melvin Konner
- Paul Churchland
- Richard P. Sloan, Columbia University Medical Center
Perspectives from participants
Most participants were critical of religion and its effects upon public opinion, scientific inquiry, and policy. Steven Weinberg said, "the world needs to wake up from its long nightmare of religious belief.” Sam Harris stated that science was about "intellectual honesty." Richard Dawkins expressed more forceful views, calling religion "brainwashing" and "child abuse."
Lawrence Krauss argued that science could not necessarily disprove the existence of god; Francisco Ayala argued that people need "meaning and purpose and life."
Emory anthropologist Melvin Konner condemned what he saw as overly simplistic representations of religion by Dawkins and others present. He said that the event came to resemble a "den of vipers” debating whether to "bash religion with a crowbar or only with a baseball bat?”