|2019–2020||Minister of Transport|
|Faction represented in the Knesset|
|2015–2019||The Jewish Home|
|2019||Union of Right-Wing Parties|
|2019–2020||The Jewish Home–Tkuma|
|2021–||Religious Zionist Party|
Bezalel Yoel Smotrich
27 February 1980
Haspin, Golan Heights
|Political party||National Union–Tkuma|
|Relatives||Ayelet Nahmias-Verbin (fourth cousin)|
|Alma mater||Ono Academic College|
|Cabinet||34th government of Israel|
|Branch/service||Israel Defense Forces|
Bezalel Yoel Smotrich (Hebrew: בְּצַלְאֵל יוֹאֵל סְמוֹטְרִיץ׳, born 27 February 1980) is an Israeli lawyer and politician. The leader of the Religious Zionist Party, he previously served as a Knesset member for Yamina. He is also the co-founder of the NGO Regavim, an organization that monitors and pursues legal action in the Israeli court system against constructions undertaken by Palestinians, Bedouins, and other Arabs in Israel and the West Bank without Israeli permits.
Early life and education
Smotrich was born in Haspin, a religious Israeli settlement in the Golan Heights, and grew up in the Beit El settlement in the West Bank. His father was an Orthodox rabbi, and Smotrich received a religious education, attending Mercaz HaRav Kook, Yashlatz, and Yeshivat Kedumim. During his service in the Israel Defense Forces, he served in the Operations Division of the General Staff. He earned a BA in law from Ono Academic College, and began a master's degree in public and international law from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, though he did not complete it. He was certified as a lawyer.
He was arrested during protests against the disengagement plan in 2005, and was held in jail for three weeks, but not charged. In 2006, he helped organize the "Beast Parade" as part of protests against a gay pride parade in Jerusalem, although he later admitted regret at the incident.
He is co-founder of the NGO Regavim, which monitors and pursues legal action in the Israeli court system against constructions undertaken by Palestinians, Bedouins, and other Arabs in Israel and the West Bank without Israeli permits.
In the build-up to the 2015 Knesset elections, he won second place on the Tkuma list, after party leader Uri Ariel. The party contested the elections as part of the Jewish Home, with Smotrich placed eighth on its list for the elections. He was elected to the Knesset as the party won eight seats. In 2018, he announced that he would challenge Uri Ariel for the leadership of the National Union faction. On 14 January 2019, he defeated Ariel in a landslide victory.
He is said to have played a key role in Israeli legislation to legalize the annexation of Palestinian lands, and a law banning advocates for the Boycott, Divestment, Sanctions movement from visiting Israel.
Smotrich is a co-sponsor of proposed legislation change stating that sources of Jewish religious tradition such as the Torah have to be considered when dealing with legal matters that cannot be decided by legislation or court rulings. Other sponsors of this legislation are Miki Zohar from Likud, Yoav Ben-Tzur from Shas, and Nissan Slomiansky from The Jewish Home.
In June 2019, Smotrich campaigned for the Ministry of Justice, saying that he sought the portfolio to "restore the Torah justice system". Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu distanced himself from the comments, and appointed openly gay MK Amir Ohana to the post. According to Channel 13, Smotrich subsequently requested the Ministry of Diaspora Affairs, but was not granted the position, due to fears that he would strain ties between Israel and the Jewish diaspora.
Smotrich initiated the following legislation which passed in the Knesset:
- In addition to government ministers and Knesset members; judges, senior military personnel, and police officers would also have to declare their capital every six years.
Proposal for separation of Jews and Arabs
In July 2015, Smotrich caused controversy by declaring in a Knesset Interior meeting that developers in Israel should not have to sell homes to Arabs. The meeting took place following accusations that Galil Homes refused to sell homes to Arabs in Ma'alot, a northern Israeli town. Smotrich defended the developer, saying that, "Anyone who wants to protect the Jewish People and opposes mixed marriages is not a racist. Whoever wants to let Jews live a Jewish life without non-Jews is not a racist." He added that Jews are the ones deprived in Israel because "they don't get free land in the Negev", a reference to Bedouin. "I believe in God's words. I prefer that Jews make a living and wouldn't sell a house to Arabs."
Smotrich opposes gay marriage, and says that he wants to "promote the traditional family". In 2006, Smotrich helped organize a "beast parade", in opposition to the Jerusalem gay pride parade. In 2015, he referred to homosexual people as "abnormal", stating: "At home, everyone can be abnormal, and people can form whatever family unit they want. But they can't make demands from me, as the state." In the same discussion, he told the audience: "I am a proud homophobe." He later apologized, and retracted his statement, saying: "Someone shouted from the crowd, and I responded inattentively." In July 2015, after a fatal stabbing attack on the Jerusalem gay pride parade, he referred to the march as an "abomination" and a "beast parade". The following month, Smotrich accused LGBT organizations of controlling the media and silencing those who share his conservative views. An Israeli NGO, "Ometz", filed a complaint to the Knesset Ethics Committee to intervene and investigate Smotrich's comments.
Hospital room segregation between Jews and Arabs
In April 2016, Bezalel Smotrich tweeted that he supports segregation of Arab and Jewish women in hospital's maternity wards: "It is natural that my wife would not want to lay down next to someone who just gave birth to a baby that might want to murder her baby in another 20 years." The tweets were condemned by several Israeli politicians, including opposition leader Isaac Herzog and Jewish Home leader Naftali Bennett.
Calling Reform Judaism a "fake religion"
In July 2016, Smotrich stated he was "not willing to recognize Reform conversions and their fake religion". The comment came following the passing of a Knesset bill permitting local religious authorities to bar non-Orthodox from using public mikvahs for conversion ceremonies, which countered a Supreme Court ruling to the contrary.
Stone-throwing and terrorism
Smotrich has advocated a shoot-to-kill policy for the military when they deal with Palestinians throwing stones. Asked what he would do were another intifada to arise, and a Palestinian child were to throw stones, he replied: "Either I will shoot him, or I will jail him, or I will expel him."
Smotrich has argued that price tag assaults on Palestinian people or property, while criminal in nature, are not to be classified as examples of terrorism, which he defined as "only violence carried out by an enemy within the framework of war against us". Commenting on a specific case, the Duma arson attack, in which a Palestinian family of 3 were killed, and for which a Jewish settler has been indicted, Smotrich stated that to brand such deeds as terrorism causes "mortal and unjustified harm to human and civil rights".
In April 2018, Smotrich tweeted that Ahed Tamimi, a 17-year-old Palestinian serving an eight-month jail sentence for assaulting a soldier, incitement, and interfering with a soldier in the line of duty, "should have gotten a bullet, at least in the kneekap". Twitter responded by suspending his account for 12 hours and asking him to delete the tweet, saying that the tweet was "abusive" and could incite harassment. Smotrich refused to delete the tweet, saying that for Twitter, "freedom of speech is reserved for just for one side of the political map", and that he stood by his tweet.
Turning Israel into a theocratic Halachic state
In June 2019, while pushing to be appointed Justice minister (just after the previous Justice minister had been fired), Smotrich stated: "We want the justice portfolio because we want to restore the Torah justice system", and that the country should aspire to run itself as "in the days of King David".
In August 2019, Smotrich stated: "We [Orthodox Jews] all would want the State of Israel to be run according to the Torah and Jewish law, it's just that we can't because there are people who think differently from us, and we have to get along with them." The United Right (a political alliance of right-wing parties, including The Jewish Home and Smotrich's Tkuma) referred to the negative reaction as a "media lynching", arguing that Smotrich "emphasized that he cannot and isn't interested in forcing it on others". However, Smotrich had said: "The government makes decisions that affect us and impedes our liberties every day; so, it is simply about what decisions are in the public interest enough to justify coercion... We, too, can force our needs on others, provided we are convinced ourselves of the validity of our demands."
Smotrich is an Orthodox Jew, and is married to Revital, with whom he has seven children. The family lives outside the Kedumim settlement in the West Bank, in a house that was illegally built outside of state land and in breach of the settlement's master plan.
- "Israel Elections: Bezalel Smotrich defies expectations, wins 6-7 seats". The Jerusalem Post | JPost.com. Retrieved 25 March 2021.
- Pileggi, Tamar (24 February 2015). "Jewish Home hopeful boasts of being "proud homophobe"". The Times of Israel. Retrieved 6 January 2021.
- Haruti-Sober, Tal. "בואו נדבר על התואר השני שאין לח"כ בצלאל סמוטריץ". Ha'aretz. Retrieved 24 January 2021.
- "Knesset". knesset.gov.il. Retrieved 1 April 2019.
- Jewish Home faction Tekumah selects Knesset candidates Times of Israel, 12 January 2015
- Winer, Stuart. "Far-right MK says High Court override bill is condition for joining coalition". The Times of Israel. Retrieved 2 April 2019.
- The Jewish Home list Central Elections Committee
- Final Unofficial* results of the Elections for the Twentieth Knesset Central Elections Committee
- Hoffman, Gil (29 December 2018). "Smotrich challenging Ariel for National Union head". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 29 December 2018.
- Magid, Jacob (14 January 2019). "Hardliner Smotrich wins race to lead influential Jewish Home sub-faction". The Times of Israel. Retrieved 6 January 2021.
- Graham-Harrison, Emma (12 March 2017). "Bezalel Smotrich: Israel's far-right demagogue, drawing fringe beliefs to the centre". The Guardian. Retrieved 6 January 2021.
- "Knesset passes law barring boycott supporters from Israel". The Times of Israel. 6 March 2017. Retrieved 7 January 2021.
- Niv, Kobi (6 September 2015). "What Islamic State and One Member of Knesset Share". Haaretz. Retrieved 7 January 2021.
- "Smotrich says he wants to be justice minister so Israel can follow Torah law". The Times of Israel. 3 June 2019. Retrieved 5 June 2019.
- "Netanyahu appoints Amir Ohana justice minister, first openly gay cabinet member". The Times of Israel. 5 June 2019. Retrieved 5 June 2019.
- Magid, Jacob (10 June 2019). "PM rejected demand of MK who longs for Torah rule to serve as diaspora minister". The Times of Israel. Retrieved 7 January 2021.
- Milman, Omri (7 November 2016). "The Knesset Approved: Judges and Senior Officers will Submit a Declaration of Capital" (in Hebrew). Retrieved 8 November 2016.
- Harkov, Lahav (16 July 2015). "Bayit Yehudi MK: God commanded Jews not to sell homes to Arabs". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 7 January 2021.
- Harkov, Lahav (15 March 2019). "Smotrich sees himself on the frontlines of a battle for Israel's future". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 8 June 2019.
- "MK Smotrich: The government I'll be part of, will not recognize same-sex couples". Nana10. 19 April 2015. Archived from the original on 24 December 2015.
- "Netanyahu Government will not recognize same-sex marriage". GoGay.co.il. 19 April 2015. Archived from the original on 1 April 2019. Retrieved 8 September 2015.
- "Smotrich: LGBT community attacks, slanders anyone who thinks differently from them – Israel News – Jerusalem Post". www.jpost.com. Retrieved 1 April 2019.
- "Right-wing MK: Jerusalem Pride Parade Is an 'Abomination'". Haaretz. 2 August 2015. Retrieved 1 April 2019.
- "Bayit Yehudi MK: Gays control the media". Ynetnews. 15 August 2015. Retrieved 1 April 2019.
- Pileggi, Tamar. "NGO files complaint against MK for 'Gays control the media' remark". www.timesofisrael.com. Retrieved 1 April 2019.
- Lis, Jonathan (5 April 2016). "Israeli Lawmaker: My Wife Wouldn't Want to Give Birth Next to an Arab Woman". Haaretz. Retrieved 7 January 2021.
- Siegel-Itzkovich, Judy; Ben Solomon, Ariel (5 April 2016). "Smotrich supports hospital room segregation between Jews and Arabs". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 6 April 2016.
- Douek, Daniel (5 April 2016). "Lawmaker Backs Segregated Jewish Arab Maternity Wards". The Times of Israel. Retrieved 10 April 2016.
- "Right-wing Knesset member: Reform Judaism a 'fake religion'". Jewish Telegraphic Agency. 28 July 2016.
- T.O.I. staff (28 July 2016). "Jewish Home MK: Reform Judaism is a 'fake religion'". The Times of Israel.
- Hecht, Ravit (3 December 2016). "The Face of Israel's Far Right Wants to 'Abort' Palestinian Hope". Haaretz. Retrieved 6 January 2021.
- "Habayit Hayehudi MK: The Duma Murders Are Not Terrorism". Haaretz. 10 December 2015. Retrieved 6 January 2021.
- Jonathan Lis (23 April 2018). "Twitter Temporarily Suspended Israeli Lawmaker Who Said Palestinian Teen Should've Been Shot". Haaretz.
- Bachner, Michael (24 April 2018). "Twitter suspends MK who said Palestinian teen 'deserved a bullet'". The Times of Israel.
- Magid, Jacob (3 June 2019). "Netanyahu rejects MK's call to run Israel according to Jewish religious law". The Times of Israel. Retrieved 6 January 2021.
- "Far-right leader itching for justice post to restore Torah law in Israel". www.i24news.tv.
- "Far Right Lawmaker Calls for Israel to Follow Biblical Law". Haaretz. 3 June 2019. Retrieved 7 January 2021.
- Sharon, Jeremy (7 August 2019). "Smotrich says again he wants a Torah-run state". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 7 January 2021.
- Oster, Marcy (6 August 2019). "Israeli right-wing lawmaker wants nation to be governed by Jewish law. He acknowledges it won't happen soon". Jewish Telegraphic Agency.
- Tress, Luke; staff, T. O. I. (6 August 2019). "Smotrich says Israel should follow Torah law, drawing ire of Liberman". The Times of Israel. Retrieved 7 January 2021.
- Azulai, Moran (8 June 2019). "Smotrich softens stance on Israel being ruled by Jewish law". Ynetnews.
- Asa-El, Amotz (29 August 2019). "Small following, big mouth". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 7 January 2021.
- Sommer, Allison Kaplan (15 January 2019). "Radical Settler, "Proud Homophobe" and Wunderkind: Meet the New Leader of Israel's Far Right". Haaretz. Retrieved 17 January 2019.
- Berger, Yotam (1 March 2017). "West Bank Home of Israeli Lawmaker Who Championed Land-grab Law Built Illegally". Haaretz. Retrieved 7 January 2021.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bezalel Smotrich.|
- Bezalel Smotrich on the Knesset website
|Party political offices|
| Leader of Tkuma