Bezawada Ramachandra Reddy

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Self Portrait.
Bezawada Ramachandra Reddy
Member of Parliament (Lok Sabha) for Nellore
In office
1952–1957
Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru
Preceded by None
Succeeded by Rebala Lakshminarasa Reddy
President of the Madras Legislative Council
In office
6 November 1930 – 18 July 1937
Preceded by V. S. Narasimha Raju
Succeeded by Bulusu Sambamurti
Personal details
Born (1894-11-24)24 November 1894
Died 19 March 1973(1973-03-19) (aged 78)
Buchireddipalem, Nellore District, Andhra Pradesh
Nationality Indian
Political party Justice Party,
Independent,
Swatantra Party
Spouse(s) Bezawada Seethamma and Bezawada Bujjamma
Profession Agriculturist/Politician

Bezawada Ramachandra Reddy CBE (24 November 1894 – 3 March 1973) was an Indian politician of the Justice Party and one of the founders of the Swatantra Party. He served as the President of the Madras Legislative Council from 1930 to 1937. Ramachandra Reddy was a relative of Indian National Congress politician Bezawada Gopala Reddy.[1]

Early life[edit]

Ramachandra Reddy was born on 24 November 1894 to Sri Subba Reddy & Kamala (Dodla)in Buchireddipalem in the Madras Presidency.[2] He graduated from the Madras University in 1919 and immediately entered politics serving for a while as the President of the District Educational Council, Nellore. In 1929, he was elected President of the district board.

Marriage[edit]

He married Dodla Sita, who gave him one male child who was named after his father Subba Reddy. On the death of first wife Sita who died post delivery, he married her half sister Dodla Bujjamma, who gave him 10 children, 5 sons & 5 daughters.

In the Legislative Council[edit]

Reddy joined the Justice Party at an early age and won the 1923 elections.[3] He also won the subsequent elections in 1926, 1930 and 1934. When the Justice Party captured power in the Presidency after a four-year-long gap, Reddy's name was proposed for election as President of the Council. He was elected and served as the President of the Madras Legislative Council from 6 November 1930[4] to March 1937. Reddy resigned as Speaker following his defeat in the 1937 elections.

Reddy dissented with Periyar when he converted the political party into the Dravidar Kazhagam.[5] Reddy was first elected President of the Justice Party soon after the split in 1944 before the mantle passed on P. T. Rajan.[5] Reddy finally quit the party in 1952.[3]

In 1952, Reddy contested the First Lok Sabha elections as an independent from Nellore and was successful. He served as a Member of the Lok Sabha from 1952 to 1957.

Swatantra Party[edit]

On 4 June 1959, along with C. Rajagopalachari & N G Ranga and other senior politicians, Reddy floated the Swatantra Party. A party whose ideology was finally accepted by modern India when it started its liberalisation policy in the year 1991.

Champion of Liberalisation[edit]

He always believed in enterprise and promoted the idea of setting up business. He served on the boards of many companies as an independent director upon the invitation of the promoters. He was on the board of Madras Cements, Andhra Scientific Company, Machilipatnam. Personally he never believed in putting his money in industry, as he always believed his roots are in agriculture and he should always be only an agriculturist.

Death[edit]

Reddy died on 19 March 1973.[6]

Honours[edit]

Reddy was awarded a Commander of the Order of the British Empire.[3]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Siba Pada Sen (1972). Dictionary of national biography. Institute of Historical Studies. p. 81. 
  2. ^ S. P. Singh Sud; Ajit Singh Sud (1953). Indian elections and legislators. All India Publications. p. 126. 
  3. ^ a b c Howard L. Erdman (1967). The Swatantra Party and Indian conservatism. Cambridge University. p. 118. 
  4. ^ S. Krishnaswamy (1989). The role of Madras Legislature in the freedom struggle, 1861-1947. Indian Council of Historical Research. p. 216. 
  5. ^ a b B. A. V. Sharma (1980). Political economy of India: a study of land reforms policy in Andhra Pradesh. Light and Life Publishers. p. 172. 
  6. ^ N. G. Ranga (1976). Distinguished acquaintances. Desi Book Distributors. p. 235. 

References[edit]

Preceded by
C. V. S. Narasimha Raju
President of the Madras Legislative Council
1930-1937
Succeeded by
Bulusu Sambamurti
Preceded by
E. V. Ramasami
President of the Justice Party
1944-1945
Succeeded by
P. T. Rajan
Preceded by
None
Member of Parliament (Lok Sabha) for Nellore
1952-1957
Succeeded by
R. Lakshminarasa Reddy