Bezhanitsy

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Bezhanitsy (in English)
Бежаницы (Russian)
-  Urban-type settlement[1]  -
Work settlement[2]
Бежаницы - главная улица.jpg
The main street of Bezhanitsy
Map of Russia - Pskov Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location of Pskov Oblast in Russia
Bezhanitsy is located in Pskov Oblast
Bezhanitsy
Bezhanitsy
Location of Bezhanitsy in Pskov Oblast
Coordinates: 56°58′N 29°53′E / 56.967°N 29.883°E / 56.967; 29.883Coordinates: 56°58′N 29°53′E / 56.967°N 29.883°E / 56.967; 29.883
Administrative status
Country Russia
Federal subject Pskov Oblast
Administrative district Bezhanitsky District[3]
Administrative center of Bezhanitsky District[3]
Municipal status (as of February 2010)
Municipal district Bezhanitsky Municipal District[2]
Urban settlement Bezhanitsy Urban Settlement[2]
Administrative center of Bezhanitsky Municipal District, Bezhanitsy Urban Settlement[2]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 4,333 inhabitants[4]
Time zone MSK (UTC+03:00)[5]
First mentioned 1581[6]
Urban-type settlement status since 1961[7]
Bezhanitsy on Wikimedia Commons

Bezhanitsy (Russian: Бежаницы) is an urban locality (a work settlement) and the administrative center of Bezhanitsky District of Pskov Oblast, Russia. It is one of the two urban-type settlements in the district. Population: 4,333 (2010 Census);[4] 4,846 (2002 Census);[8] 6,789 (1989 Census).[9]

History[edit]

Historical affiliations

Tsardom of Russia 1581–1721
 Russian Empire 1721–1917
Russia Russian Republic 1917
Soviet Russia 1917–1922
 Soviet Union 1922–1991
 Russian Federation 1991–present

Bezhanitsy was founded in the 16th century and was first mentioned in 1581. In the course of the administrative reform carried out in 1708 by Peter the Great, the area was included into Ingermanland Governorate (known since 1710 as Saint Petersburg Governorate). In 1727, separate Novgorod Governorate was split off, and in 1772, Pskov Governorate (which between 1777 and 1796 existed as Pskov Viceroyalty) was established. Bezhanitsy was a part of Pustorzhevsky Uyezd, which in 1777 was renamed Novorzhevsky Uyezd of Pskov Viceroyalty. In 1796, when the viceroyalty was abolished, the uyezd was abolished as well, however, it was re-established in 1802. In the middle of the 18th century Bezhanitsy, which was located on the road connecting Porkhov and Velikiye Luki, quickly developed as a center of yam, the state-sponsored transportation.[6][10]

On August 1, 1927, the uyezds were abolished, and Bezhanitsky District was established, with the administrative center in the selo of Bezhanitsy. The governorates were abolished as well, and the district became a part of Pskov Okrug of Leningrad Oblast. On July 23, 1930, the okrugs were also abolished, and the districts were directly subordinated to the oblast. On January 29, 1935 the district was transferred to Kalinin Oblast, and on February 5 Bezhanitsky District became a part of Velikiye Luki Okrug of Kalinin Oblast, one of the okrugs abutting the state boundaries of the Soviet Union. On May 11, 1937 the district was transferred to Opochka Okrug. On May 4, 1938 the district was directly subordinated to Kalinin Oblast. Between 1941 and 1944, Bezhanitsy was occupied by German troops. On August 22, 1944, the district was transferred to newly established Velikiye Luki Oblast. On October 2, 1957 Velikiye Luki Oblast was abolished, and the district was transferred to Pskov Oblast.[7]

On August 7, 1961 Bezhanitsy was granted urban-type settlement status.[7]

Economy[edit]

Industry[edit]

Bezhanitsy has a number of enterprises in the construction industry.[11]

Transportation[edit]

Bezhanitsy is connected by road with Porkhov, Velikiye Luki (via Loknya), and Novorzhev. There are also local roads with bus traffic originating from Bezhanitsy.

Culture and recreation[edit]

In 1908, the funeral chapel of Dmitry Filosofov, the minister of trade and industry, was built in Bezhanitsy.[12]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Law #833-oz
  2. ^ a b c d Law #420-oz
  3. ^ a b Государственный комитет Российской Федерации по статистике. Комитет Российской Федерации по стандартизации, метрологии и сертификации. №ОК 019-95 1 января 1997 г. «Общероссийский классификатор объектов административно-территориального деления. Код 58 204 551 004», в ред. изменения №275/2015 от 1 сентября 2015 г.. (State Statistics Committee of the Russian Federation. Committee of the Russian Federation on Standardization, Metrology, and Certification. #OK 019-95 January 1, 1997 Russian Classification of Objects of Administrative Division . Code 58 204 551 004, as amended by the Amendment #275/2015 of September 1, 2015. ).
  4. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  5. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №271-ФЗ от 03 июля 2016 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #271-FZ of July 03, 2016 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  6. ^ a b История района (in Russian). Портал муниципальных образований Псковской области. Retrieved 25 July 2012. 
  7. ^ a b c Герасимёнок, Т. Е.; Н. В. Коломыцева; И. С. Пожидаев; С. М. Фёдоров; К. И. Карпов (2002). Территориальное деление Псковской области (in Russian). Pskov. ISBN 5-94542-031-X. 
  8. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  9. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  10. ^ История (in Russian). Портал муниципальных образований Псковской области. Retrieved 9 August 2012. 
  11. ^ Основные предприятия Бежаницкого района: (in Russian). Портал муниципальных образований Псковской области. Retrieved August 9, 2012. 
  12. ^ Часовня-склеп Д.А. Философова, Бежаницкий район (in Russian). Администрация Псковской области. Retrieved August 9, 2012. 

Sources[edit]

  • Псковское областное Собрание депутатов. Закон №833-оз от 5 февраля 2009 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Псковской области». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Псковская правда", №20, 10 февраля 2009 г. (Pskov Oblast Council of Deputies. Law #833-oz of February 5, 2009 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Pskov Oblast. Effective as of the official publication date.).
  • Псковское областное Собрание депутатов. Закон №420-оз от 28 февраля 2005 г. «Об установлении границ и статусе вновь образуемых муниципальных образований на территории Псковской области», в ред. Закона №1542-ОЗ от 5 июня 2015 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Псковской области "Об установлении границ и статусе вновь образуемых муниципальных образований на территории Псковской области"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Псковская правда", №41–43, №44–46, №49–51, 4 марта 2005 г., 5 марта 2005 г., 11 марта 2005 г. (Pskov Oblast Council of Deputies. Law #420-oz of February 28, 2005 On Establishing the Borders and the Status of the Newly Formed Municipal Formations on the Territory of Pskov Oblast, as amended by the Law #1542-OZ of June 5, 2015 On Amending the Law of Pskov Oblast "On Establishing the Borders and the Status of the Newly Formed Municipal Formations on the Territory of Pskov Oblast". Effective as of the official publication date.).