Bezitramide

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Bezitramide
Bezitramide.svg
Clinical data
Routes of
administration
Oral
ATC code
Legal status
Legal status
Identifiers
  • 4-[4-(2-oxo-3-propanoyl-2,3-dihydro-1H-benzimidazol-1-yl)piperidin-1-yl]-2,2-diphenylbutanenitrile
CAS Number
PubChem CID
DrugBank
ChemSpider
UNII
ChEMBL
CompTox Dashboard (EPA)
ECHA InfoCard100.035.744 Edit this at Wikidata
Chemical and physical data
FormulaC31H32N4O2
Molar mass492.623 g·mol−1
3D model (JSmol)
  • O=C(N2c1ccccc1N(C2=O)C5CCN(CCC(C#N)(c3ccccc3)c4ccccc4)CC5)CC
  • InChI=1S/C31H32N4O2/c1-2-29(36)35-28-16-10-9-15-27(28)34(30(35)37)26-17-20-33(21-18-26)22-19-31(23-32,24-11-5-3-6-12-24)25-13-7-4-8-14-25/h3-16,26H,2,17-22H2,1H3 checkY
  • Key:FLKWNFFCSSJANB-UHFFFAOYSA-N checkY
  (verify)

Bezitramide is an opioid analgesic. Bezitramide itself is a prodrug which is readily hydrolyzed in the gastrointestinal tract to its active metabolite, despropionyl-bezitramide.[1] Bezitramide was discovered at Janssen Pharmaceutica in 1961.[2][3][4] It is most commonly marketed under the trade name Burgodin.

The drug was pulled from the shelves in the Netherlands in 2004 after fatal overdose cases, including one where a five-year-old child took one tablet from his mother's purse, ate it, and promptly died.[5]

Bezitramide is regulated much the same as morphine in all known jurisdictions and is a Schedule II substance under the United States' Controlled Substances Act of 1970, with an ACSCN of 9800 and zero annual manufacturing quota.[6] However, as of May 2021, it has never been marketed in the United States.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Meijer DK, Hovinga G, Versluis A, Bröring J, van Aken K, Moolenaar F, Wesseling H (1984). "Pharmacokinetics of the oral narcotic analgesic bezitramide and preliminary observations on its effect on experimentally induced pain". European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology. 27 (5): 615–8. doi:10.1007/BF00556902. PMID 6519169. S2CID 23978449.
  2. ^ US patent 3196157, Janssen PA, "Benzimidalinyl Piperidines", published 1963-06-11, issued 1965-07-20 
  3. ^ Janssen PA, Niemegeers CJ, Schellekens KH, Marsboom RH, Herin VV, Amery WK, et al. (June 1971). "Bezitramide (R 4845), a new potent and orally long-acting analgesic compound". Arzneimittel-Forschung. 21 (6): 862–7. PMID 5109278.
  4. ^ Knape H (April 1970). "Bezitramide, an orally active analgesic. An investigation on pain following operations for lumbar disc protrusion (preliminary report)". British Journal of Anaesthesia. 42 (4): 325–8. doi:10.1093/bja/42.4.325. PMID 4913411.
  5. ^ de Vos JC, Rohof OJ, Bernsen PJ, Conemans JM, van Unnik AJ (August 1983). "[Death caused by one tablet of Burgodin]". Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Geneeskunde. 127 (34): 1552–3. PMID 6633692.
  6. ^ Title 21 United States Code (USC) Controlled Substances Act