Bhaca language

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Not to be confused with Baca language.
Native to South Africa
Ethnicity Bhaca people
Language codes
ISO 639-3 None (mis)
Glottolog bhac1238[1]

Bhaca (Baca) is a minor Bantu language of South Africa.[2] Traditionally considered a dialect of Xhosa, it is closer to Swazi and Phuthi.[3][4] It is spoken southeast of Lesotho, where Sotho, Xhosa and Zulu meet, mainly around Mount Frere, Mzimkhulu, and to a lesser extent in Mount Ayliff, Matatiele, Harding and Ixopo.


  1. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Bhaca". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  2. ^ a b Jouni Filip Maho, 2009. New Updated Guthrie List Online
  3. ^ Jordan, Archibald C. (1942). "Some features of the phonetic and grammatical structure of Baca". Masters dissertation (University of Cape Town). 
  4. ^ Swazi at Ethnologue (16th ed., 2009)