Bhaca language

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Not to be confused with Baca language.
Native to South Africa
Ethnicity Bhaca people
Language codes
ISO 639-3 None (mis)
Glottolog bhac1238[1]

Bhaca (Baca) is a Bantu language of South Africa.[2] Traditionally considered a dialect of Swati, it is closer to Zulu, Phuthi and Xhosa.[3][4] It is spoken southeast of Lesotho, where Sotho, Xhosa and Zulu meet, mainly around Mount Frere, Mzimkhulu, and to a lesser extent in Mount Ayliff, Matatiele, Harding, Bulwer, Underberg, Highflats, Umzinto, Umzumbe and Ixopo.


  1. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "Bhaca". Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 
  2. ^ a b Jouni Filip Maho, 2009. New Updated Guthrie List Online
  3. ^ Jordan, Archibald C. (1942). "Some features of the phonetic and grammatical structure of Baca". Masters dissertation. University of Cape Town. 
  4. ^ Swazi at Ethnologue (16th ed., 2009)