Bhadaur

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Bhadaur
city
Bhadaur is located in Punjab
Bhadaur
Bhadaur
Location in Punjab, India
Coordinates: 30°28′35″N 75°19′50″E / 30.47639°N 75.33056°E / 30.47639; 75.33056Coordinates: 30°28′35″N 75°19′50″E / 30.47639°N 75.33056°E / 30.47639; 75.33056[1]
Country  India
State Punjab
District Barnala
Elevation 219 m (719 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 16,818
Languages
 • Official Punjabi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)

Bhadaur (Punjabi: ਭਦੌੜ) is a city in Barnala district in the state of Punjab, India. It is part of the Bhadaur Assembly Constituency.

History[edit]

Bhadaur was founded in 1718 by Dunna Singh,[2] a brother of Ala Singh of Patiāla and member of the Phūlkian family.

Bhadaur is the first joint capital of Phūlkian dynasty. The princely states of Patiala, Jind and Nabha are rooted to Bhadaur. Bhadaur was an independent princely state till 1858, when it became part of Patiāla.

Bhadaur was the only princely town where the royal family held eight residential forts individually. Bhadaur is home to the Phūlkian Sardars, who rule 84 villages. Most of the lands in and around Bhadaur belong to them. The royals of the House of Bhadaur are known as Bhadaurias and Bhadauriye Sardar. Tales about the Bhadaurian ruler Chuhr Singh appear in Richard Carnac Temple's The legends of the Punjab.

Bhadaur features the Sheetla Mata Temple and the 11-Rudra (11 rudras together are rare) Shivaist temple Pathran Wali. There are brass pipelines connected to the temple from all the Phūlkian forts to offer pure ghee for jyot (holy fire).

Bhadaur fort[edit]

The Bhadaur fort stands in the middle of Bhadaur. It was built in 1693 AD by Rāma Singh, son of Phūl and is now[when?] privately owned by Harprīt Inder Singh Phūlka, making it one of few private forts in Punjab.

The fort is the tallest building in the area. It is made from Bhadauri itt (small bricks). The walls of the rooms are 6 ft deep so it remains cool in summers and warm in winters. This fort staged many historical events:

  • Akali Phūlka Singh sheltered here before being sent to Maharaja Ranjit Singh, who then became a famous general of the Sikh Empire.
  • Annexion meetings of the Cis-Sutlej States by the British East India Company.
  • The discussion between the British and Attar Singh Sahib of Bhadaur, whether Maharaja Dalip Singh should be allowed to visit India.
  • Revolt of 1857.
  • War with Marathas when they invaded Patiala. Chuhar Singh Bhadauria was chief in commander of an expedition against the Marathas, repulsing them from Bahadurgarh.
  • Invasion on Malerkotla Afghans whose 66 villages were seized by Sardars from Bhadaur.
  • Battle of Barnala.
  • Marriage of Bibi Attar Kaur of Bhadaur with Prince Naunihal Singh Of Lahore, grandson of Maharaja Ranjit Singh.
  • Harjang Singh sheltered Muslim refugees here in the 1947 riots.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 India census,[3] Bhadaur had a population of 16,818. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Bhadaur has an average literacy rate of 85%, with 57% of the males and 43% of females literate. 13% of the population is under 6 years of age. In the recent[when?] Punjab Assembly Elections, Pirmal Singh Dhaula, an Aam Aadmi Party candidate, grabbed the seat.

Villages near Bhadaur[edit]

  • Alkara
  • Kharak Singhwala (Bihli)
  • Talwandi
  • Jangiana
  • Chhanna Gulab Singh Wala
  • Nainewala
  • Sandhu Kalan
  • Ramgarh
  • Majhuke
  • Deepgarh

References[edit]

  1. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Bhadaur
  2. ^ "Bhadaur". The Imperial Gazetteer of India. 8. Oxford: Clarendon. 1908. p. 21. 
  3. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.