Bhadohi

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Bhadohi
भदोही
بھدوہی
District
Nickname(s): Dollar City
Bhadohi is located in Uttar Pradesh
Bhadohi
Bhadohi
Location in Uttar Pradesh, India
Coordinates: 25°25′N 82°34′E / 25.42°N 82.57°E / 25.42; 82.57Coordinates: 25°25′N 82°34′E / 25.42°N 82.57°E / 25.42; 82.57
State Uttar Pradesh
District Bhadohi
Elevation 85 m (279 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 15,50,000
Languages
 • Official Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 221401
Website bhadohi.nic.in

Bhadohi is a city, Lok Sabha constituency and a municipal board in Bhadohi district in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India. It is also known as the "Carpet City," as it is home to the largest hand-knotted carpet weaving industry hub in South Asia. The Indian Institute of Carpet Technology, the only institute of its kind in Asia,[1] was established there in 2001 by the Ministry of Textiles and offers BTech courses in carpet and textiles technology.[2][3]

Bhadohi is also one of the Uttar Pradesh Vidhan Sabha (State Legislative Assembly) constituency as Bhadohi Lok Sabha constituency.

Bhadohi is located at 25°25′N 82°34′E / 25.42°N 82.57°E / 25.42; 82.57.[4] It has an average elevation of 85 metres (278 feet).

Bhadohi industrial development authority(BIDA) www.bidabhadohi.com work under Uttar Pradesh government to enhance carpet industries and civil construction in bhadohi.

History[edit]

Bhadohi gets its name supposedly from Bhar Raj of the region which had Bhadohi as its capital, whose traces can be found in the names of ruined mounds and old tanks named after the Bhar rulers, a tributary of Kannauj kingdom, which in the early medieval period was included in the Kingdom of Jaunpur. During the reign of Mughal Emperor Akbar, Bhadohi was made a dastur and included in the sarkar of Allahabad. By the fifteenth century the Bhar were overpowered by Maunas Rajputs with Sagar Rai as the first head of the clan, and his grandson, Jodh Rai received it as a zamindari sanad (deed) from Mughal Emperor Shah-e-Jahan. However around 1750 AD due to non-payment of land revenue arrears, Raja Pratap Singh of Pratapgarh, in lieu of his paying the arrears gave the entire pargana to Balwant Singh of Benaras, subsequently he received it directly under a sanad from Nawab Shuja-ud-Daula of Awadh under British influence in 1770 AD. In 1911, Bhadohi came under first Maharaja of the newly created princely state of Benares ruled by Maharaja Prabhu Narayan Singh and it remained with Benaras till 1947.[5][6]

History 2[edit]

It is said that during the period of Mahabharata Pandavas escaped from Lakshyagrah through a tunnel and took shelter here at a place called Semradhnath. Sant Ravi Das, known as Raidas also, was one of the twelve pupils of Saint Ramanand . The devotee of ‘Nirgun Brahama’ Raidas never discriminated between Hindu and Muslim. He established the ‘Raidasi Sampradaya’. The region covered by the present district of Bhadohi once formed part of ancient kingdom of Kashi. As the district is situated in the middle of Kashi and Prayag, the two grand Teerathas (holy places) and many legends are linked with it Sitamarhi is the place where ‘Ramayana’ was written by Maharshi Balmiki. It is said that Mata Sita, wife of lord Rama, lived here in the ashram of Maharshi Balmiki when she was abandoned by Lord Rama. Here Lav and Kush were born and Mata Sita immersed herself in the lap of goddess Earth. It is said that besides the first poet Maharishi Balmiki, the saint Goswami Tulsidas also stayed at Sitamarhi for few days.(Bhadohi) was known by the name of Anand Van in ancient times as confirmed by many historians. It is also known by the name of Saghan Van or Kanchan van at some places while it has been shown as Sundar Van in Maunas history. After some time Bhars captured the region from forest tribes and named it as Bhardoi and declared it as the kingdom of Bhar’s. When the soldiers of Sultan Mohammad Gauri captured the Mirzapur’s forest areas, the Bhars defeated the forest chieftains and captured the forest area of Bhadhoi and established their own estate. They constructed their own forts and coats, the remains of which are still found in the villages Rohi, Bankat, Beribeesa, Bharduwar, Sarai Kot (Sair) etc. The Suriyawan was the capital of Bhar’s kingdom. Bhars ruled on Bhadoi for nearly 200 years from 1193 to 1394. After 1394 Maunas Rajputs overthrew Bhar from this region and it was named Bhardrohi which after some time transformed into Bhadohi. This place gets its name from Bhar Raj of the region which had Bhadohi as its capital. There are several mounds and old tanks that have been named after the Bhar rulers, a tributary of Kannauj kingdom. During the rule of Akbar, Bhadohi was made a dastur and included in the sarkar of Allahabad. In the ancient time the Bhadhoi region was the part of well known Kashi kingdom which was one of the sixteen Mahajanpadas of Bharatvarsha. At the end of Maunas kingdom the Banaras kingdom came into power and ruled the region from 1748 to 1948. Before 1828, in the English record it appeared as Bhadohi. The first king of Maunas dynasty was Anant Rai followed by Balwain Singh, Birabh Dev, Saeav Rai, Jagdish Rai, Harivansh Rai, Ramchandra Rai, Jodhram Madan singh, Sankatha singh, Tej singh and Pancham Singh etc. who ruled on it. The last king of Maunas dynasty Balwant Singh 10 took the throne in 1728 but due to financial crisis in the state the kingdom ended in 1728 itself. A great freedom fighter of 1857 freedom struggle, Amar Shaheed Jhoorin Singh was born on this holy land. So many great personalities like Pandit Mahaveer Prasad Malvila, Warrior poet Maharshi Sheobrat Lal, Sohar Baba, Pandit Rajnath Misra, and Swami Atmanand were born on this holy land of this district. In 1911, Banaras got the status of state. Bhadohi in 1911 came under first Maharaja of the newly created princely state of Benares ruled by Maharaja Prabhu Narayan Singh After independence when all the states of India merged with Union of India, Banaras state was also merged in it. During the period of Maharaja Udit Narain Singh, Gyanpur was a pargana of Mirzapur district and before 1911 Bhadohi was made district of Banaras state. After independence Bhadohi was separated from Mirzapur district and made a tahsil of Varanasi district. After going through so many changes Bhadohi was ultimately declared as Sant Ravidas Nagar (Bhadohi) district on 30 June 1994, by separating it from the western part of district Varanasi The Akhilesh Yadav government resolved on 6 December 2014 to change the name back to Bhadohi. Bhadohi. It is the smallest district by area of Uttar Pradesh. The district is also of international fame for its carpets. Bhadohi district is biggest carpet manufacturing centre in India. It is known for its handknotted carpet. The Mirzapur-Bhadohi region is the largest handmade carpet weaving cluster, engaging around 3.2 million people in the industry. Bhadohi employs 22 lakh rural artisans. Carpet weaving in the region dates back to the 16th century during the reign of Akbar. Well known carpet types from Bhadohi include cotton Dhurry, Chhapra Mir carpets, Loribaft, Indo Gabbeh.

District headquarters[edit]

Gyanpur is the headquarters of Bhadohi district. All the Offices of District Administration like District Magistrate (DM), Supdt of Police (SP), Police Line, Chief Medical Officer (CMO), Regional Transport Officer (RTO) are located in Gyanpur. Maharaja Chetsingh District Hospital is situated in Gyanpur.

Bhadohi carpets[edit]

Carpet weaving in Bhadohi-Mirzapur region dates back to the 16th century, during the reign of Mughal Emperor, Akbar[7] and is believed to have established when centuries ago, some Iranian master weavers stopped at Madhosingh village, near Khamaria, in Bhadohi while travelling in India, and subsequently set up looms here.[8]

The present day Bhadohi district is biggest carpet manufacturing centres in India, most known for its hand-knotted carpet. Bhadohi is known as "Carpet City". While the Mirzapur-Bhadohi region has the largest number of weavers involved in handmade carpet weaving cluster, engaging around 3.2 million people in the industry, Bhadohi alone employs 2.2 million rural artisans in its 100 percent export-oriented industry. Bhadohi based organisations account for about 75%t of the Rs 44 billion of total carpet exports from India,[7] The annual turnover of carpet exports from Bhadohi was Rs 25 billion (approx) in 2010.

In 2010, the carpets of the region received the Geographical Indication (GI) tag, which means carpets manufactured in nine districts of the region, Bhadohi, Mirzapur, Varanasi, Ghazipur, Sonebhadra, Kaushambi, Allahabad, Jaunpur and Chandauli would be tagged with 'handmade carpet of Bhadohi'. Most of the production is aimed at foreign countries.[8]

Well-known carpet types from Bhadohi include cotton Dhurries, Chhapra Mir carpets, Abusan, Persian, Loribaft, Indo Gabbeh but also Nepalese carpets and more recent shaggy type carpets. They are manufactured in various qualities. Bayawan village is famous for government forest and ayurvedic hospital.

Healthcare[edit]

Hospitals

  • Shri Shyamlal Memorial Hospital
  • Star Hospital
  • Pratima Hospital
  • Jeevan Deep Hospital
  • Jeevan Dhara Hospital
  • Sahara Hospital
  • akash Hospital
  • Saumya Hospital
  • Jeevan Raksha Hospital
  • Gandhi homoeo clinic
  • S N Hopitals
  • Harsh Hospital
  • Habib homeo care station road
  • Shri Ram Medical Hall Chauri Bazar
  • Mahraja cheat Singh Govt.Hospital
  • Mahraja Balwant Singh Govt.Hospital

or Many CHS Hospitals

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 India census,[9] Bhadohi has a population of 94,620 of which 49,639 are males while 44,981 are females as per report released by Census India 2011.[10]. Bhadohi has an average literacy rate of 90%, higher than the national average of 69.5%; with 94% of the males and 86% of females are literate. 18% of the population is under 6 years of age.

A carpet seller in Gopiganj, Bhadohi, India
Religions in Bhadohi
Religion Percent
Hindus
  
53%
Muslims
  
45%
Jains
  
1.7%
Others†
  
0.3%
Distribution of religions
Includes Sikhs (0.2%), Buddhists (<0.2%).

Overview[edit]

The distance from Bhadohi to Varanasi is approximately 45 km[11] and takes about sixty minutes by car. Bhadohi is 82 km from Allahabad[12]. It is close to the holy river Ganges[13] (which is about 29 km from the city area). There are quite a few good temples in Bhadohi like the famous Hariharnath temple and Sitamadhy Temple.

Prior to receiving the Geographical indication (GI) rights for its carpets in 2010, Bhadohi was named amongst the six districts of Uttar Pradesh, wherein weavers of the traditional Banarasi sarees were allowed to sell under the 'Banaras Brocades and Sarees' tag, after it received GI tag in 2009.[14] The region is also known for its traditional basketry, wherein handwoven baskets and other utility products made exclusively by the women.[15]

Geographic location[edit]

Geography[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Indian students in carpet technology to have internship in New Zealand". Ministry of Textiles. 16 May 2003. 
  2. ^ "About us". Indian Institute of Carpet Technology website. 
  3. ^ "Pm Inaugurates First World Conference on Handmade Carpets". Prime Minister's Office. 4 November 2003. 
  4. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc – Bhadohi
  5. ^ Encyclopaedia of Human Geography (Set of 3 Vols.). Anmol Publications. 2005. p. 107. ISBN 81-261-2444-X. 
  6. ^ Bayly, Christopher Alan (1988). Rulers, Townsmen and Bazaars: North Indian Society in the Age of British Expansion, 1770–1870. CUP Archive. p. 103. ISBN 0-521-31054-7. 
  7. ^ a b "..Famous for its handmade carpet industry..". Tehelka Magazine. 31 January 2009. 
  8. ^ a b "Famed Bhadohi carpet gets GI tag". The Times of India. 9 September 2010. 
  9. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  10. ^ "Bhadohi City Population Census 2011 - Uttar Pradesh". www.census2011.co.in. Retrieved 2017-05-23. 
  11. ^ "Google Maps:-bhadohi to varanasi.". Google maps. 23/05/2017. Retrieved 23/05/2017.  Check date values in: |access-date=, |date= (help)
  12. ^ "google maps route for bhadohi to allahabad". googlemaps. 23-05-2107. Retrieved 23/05/2017.  Check date values in: |access-date=, |date= (help)
  13. ^ "Ganges". Wikipedia. 2017-05-21. 
  14. ^ Banarasi silk sarees get copyright cover The Times of India, 18 September 2009.
  15. ^ "Offerings from Bhadohi". The Hindu. 21 September 2006. 

External links[edit]

Vijay mishra